Bill France, on the other hand, tried to remove NASCAR from its bootlegging roots when he took over the organization, and this conflict contributed to Parks' decision to leave NASCAR and sell his racing cars in 1951.
However, despite these conflicts, France managed to keep NASCAR out of trouble by prohibiting cigarette smoking in motor vehicles, which helped the sport avoid the fatal accidents that plagued other forms of popular entertainment at the time.
Furthermore, by establishing rules and regulations for auto races, France was able to promote more consistent racing conditions, which helped make NASCAR more appealing to fans who were tired of seeing race results determined by luck rather than skill.
In addition, by creating the weekly series that is now known as the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series, France was able to establish a system where the best drivers in the world could compete against each other on an annual basis, which has continued to this day.
Finally, by forming alliances with major car manufacturers (Chevrolet and Ford), France was able to attract more attention from mainstream media outlets, which has helped him grow NASCAR into one of the most popular sports in America.
France got his start in motorsports when he worked for Fred Parkes of Preston Gates & Co.
When Bill France, Sr. founded NASCAR in 1948 to govern stock car racing in the United States, it was a requirement that any car entered be manufactured completely of parts available to the general public through automotive dealers. This rule was designed to prevent teams from using secret technology or custom-made parts to gain an edge over competitors.
Before this rule was put in place, race promoters would enter cars built by wealthy owners who could afford to have special vehicles constructed for specific races. These were known as "strictly personal" cars because they were not intended for sale to the public at large. In addition to being highly specialized, they often used unique powerplants (such as Ford's 289 cid V8) or even had full-scale chassis assemblies constructed specifically for them. Such cars usually did not remain unmodified year-to-year and were often modified substantially between races, making them difficult if not impossible to maintain between wins.
To enforce its policy of regularity, NASCAR required each team that wanted to compete in its series to build one vehicle per season that complied with all rules including those that appeared arbitrary at times like single-car qualifying attempts. Teams were also prohibited from entering multiple cars in each race for safety reasons.
The Daytona region became a popular gathering place for racing aficionados, and France became engaged in racing vehicles and race promotion. France thought there was a need for a regulatory organization to sanction and promote racing after watching how racing laws may vary from event to event and how dishonest organizers could flee with prize money. He formed the National Association for Stock Car Racing (NASCAR) in February 1959.
France wanted to call his new sport "stock car" racing but that name had already been taken by another organization so he settled for "National Association of Sports Cars." He appointed Bill France as its first president. The first season consisted of three 20-race series: the Grand National Series, the Bunkie Allen Invitational, and the Daytona Beach Road Course. There were also two non-championship events: the Hollywood Hotel Open and the Vanderbilt Cup Race. Richard Petty won the first championship race held at Richmond Raceway.
Petty's father owned a small garage that repaired other people's cars and trucks. When he came up with the idea of building his own car, nobody else would do it. So he went ahead and built what today is known as the "Flat Top" model. It was successful enough to keep him in business and make him a millionaire. After hearing this, Bill France decided to give other drivers a chance by making the series available to them. He canceled the next day's race because no cars showed up!
"Raymond is a NASCAR legend who will be remembered for his unwavering passion to the sport." Parks, who was born in Dawsonville, Georgia, in 1914, ran moonshine when he was 14 years old, earning him a nine-month sentence in the federal penitentiary in Chillicothe, Ohio, from 1936 to 1937 on conspiracy charges. Upon his release, he began working with his father to buy an automobile dealership in Chickasha, Oklahoma, where he lived with his family. After losing this business to bankruptcy proceedings, he moved to Charlotte, North Carolina, and worked there as a mechanic before joining the NASCAR circuit full time in 1949."
Parks made his debut at the Daytona 500 in 1959, finishing 21st out of 30 drivers. He had several more top-20 finishes that season, but none better than 12th, which he achieved twice (the other times being 10th at Atlanta and 7th at Miami). He also had one pole position (at Darlington) and one fastest lap (at Richmond).
In 1960, Parks finished ninth in the season-opening Daytona 500 and went on to finish in the top five every race except two (one of them being canceled due to weather conditions). His best season performance came in 1961 when he won three races (all in separate events) - the most prestigious of which was the Southern 500 at Darlington - and finished second in the point standings to Jack Ingram by just four points.
Bill France Sr. died on June 7, 1992. Bill France, Sr., better known as Big Bill France, was an American stock-car racer and businessman who formed (1948) the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing. He was born on September 26, 1909 in Washington, D.C., and died on June 7, 1992 in Ormond Beach, Florida (NASCAR).
He is buried at Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Hollywood Hills).
Bill France, Jr. is his son. He is a retired NASCAR driver who has won two championships in the Craftsman Truck Series - one with his father and another one with his son Kyle. He also owns William B. France Charities, which sponsors youth racing programs in both Florida and Virginia. The charity's headquarters are located in Palm Beach, Florida.
Kyle France is his son. He is a professional truck racer who has won three races during his career so far. He currently drives the No. 20 Toyota for Joe Gibbs Racing in the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series.
Kyle France made his debut at the age of 17 in the 2011 season-opening Daytona 500. He finished 21st after suffering a broken steering column while leading several laps of the race. He returned to the track in July at Indianapolis where he started from the pole position but had to settle for 11th place due to transmission problems.
After winning the 2012 NASCAR Sprint Cup (now Monster Energy Cup) with Brad Keselowski and his Penske Miller Lite Dodge Charger squad, the automaker exited the racing series. Since then, NASCAR has undergone various modifications that have sparked outrage among its followers. The most recent change made it so that only two drivers can be from the same manufacturer. Before this rule was put in place, Chrysler owned truck maker Titan Motors which allowed for multiple manufacturers to compete together.
Dodge returned to the sport in 2015 with a partnership agreement with Ford Motor Company to develop and build cars for NASCAR's highest level of competition - the NASCAR Cup Series. Under the terms of the agreement, both companies will share resources while neither is permitted to have more than one percent market share. If the agreement is not renewed after this year, then Ford will return to building its own vehicles for NASCAR race use.
Before the merger with Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, Dodge had been competing in NASCAR since 1970 when it entered the season-opening Daytona 500 race with four trucks divided equally between its dealerships. All trucks were driven by American citizens except for one entered by Canada's Richard Petty who was born in Columbus, Ohio. That year there was a shortage of trucks on the market so Dodge decided to go ahead and enter races with its own brand name instead of using one of its partners'.