The conventional 50-meter pool with designated lanes was used for the first time during the 1924 Olympics. Johnny Weissmuller, a swimmer, earned three gold medals and one bronze medal in water polo. At the 1924 Olympics, Harold Osborn won gold medals and set Olympic records in both the high jump and the decathlon. The latter record has never been broken and is still standing today.
There were also two new events added at these games: long jump into the program and tennis started as an individual sport. Both moves were intended to make the Olympics more international by including more countries. In fact, all but one of the participating nations had teams that exceeded the minimum size requirement (eight athletes). The only exception was France, which had only sent a men's team because women's sports were not included in Paris Games rules.
These were the first Olympics to be broadcast live, thanks to a deal made between the IOC and NBC. The United States boycotted the event, though, so it wasn't seen by many people outside of Europe.
The 1904 Olympic Games were the first to award gold, silver, and bronze medals for first, second, and third place, respectively. Boxing, freestyle wrestling, the decathlon, and a dumbbell event all made their television debuts. The Olympics were held in St. Louis, Missouri.
In boxing, American John L. Sullivan defeated British challenger Billy Smith in the final match of the tournament to win the gold medal. In the semifinals, Sullivan outpointed French boxer Georges Carpentier en route to victory. American Ed O'Connor and British fighter Fred Wells both lost their fights but won silver and bronze medals, respectively. This was the first time that America had taken home the top spot at an international sports festival.
In gymnastics, American Clara Marklew won the gold medal with her performance on the horizontal bar. Romanian Mariana Diaconu took the silver, and American Elizabeth Garrett was awarded the bronze. This was the first time that women competed alongside men in gymnastics events.
In wrestling, American Charles West won the gold medal in the light-heavyweight division by defeating Frenchman Emile Leclerc. Russian wrestler Anton Shkuropatij beat Austrian fighter Karl Schafer in the final match to take the silver medal while American Frank Gotch won the bronze medal. This was the first time that the United States dominated a major sport event.
These are the athletics competition results from the 1912 Summer Olympics. All 30 events, all for men, were competed in. Since the 1908 Summer Olympics, the athletics program has increased by four events. The 5000 and 10,000 metre events were added, but the 5 mile event was dropped. The marathon had only been held once before, in Los Angeles in 1932.
American Fred Lorz was the most successful athlete of the year with three gold medals. He won the 100 metres, the 200 metres, and the long jump. His time of 21 seconds in the 100 metres is still considered one of the best performances in this event. Lorz also holds the world record in 4x100 metres relay with his American teammates Ralph Hill, Bill Richardson, and Jim Ryun. They finished first ahead of Sweden with a time of 39.6 seconds.
Another American who excelled in multiple events was George Young. He not only participated in the long jump but also in the triple jump and the high jump. He is the only man who has ever won three gold medals in a single day. In the long jump he cleared 7.80 metres - a new Olympic record - and in the triple jump he reached 16.73 metres. In the high jump he came close to becoming a double gold medallist when he finished second behind Germany's Carl Schuhmann who measured 1.93 metres.
That was in 1924, during the inaugural Winter Olympics in Chamonix, France, when 16 countries competed in sports such as figure skating, speed skating, hockey, curling, and others from January 25 to February 5, 1924. Sweden was the most successful country with three gold medals, while Canada took home the second highest number of medals with two.
Besides the traditional Olympic sports, people also participated in events such as ski jumping, nordic combined, and alpine climbing.
In fact, alpine climbing was so popular that it became an independent sport in its own right after this event. Alpinists would scale mountains across the world, some even making first ascents, to compete in international competitions.
The 1924 Games also saw the introduction of several new sports to the program. These included bandy (which is still played today by many nations including Russia and Sweden) and ice sledge hockey (a variant of ice hockey).
Bandy is a Nordic sport similar to field hockey. It's played on a frozen surface with 15 players on a side. There are no goals or sticks used in the game; instead, there are balls made of leather or rubber. The object is to score points by hitting the opposing team's ball into their goal area.
At the first Olympic Summer Games in 1896, host Greece won the most medals (47) with 47. In 1924, the inaugural Winter Olympics were held in Chamonix, France. Norway holds the most medals (263) at the Winter Olympics. The United States has won the most medals in the Summer Games (2,189) than any other country. Germany has won the most gold medals (396). China has won the most bronze medals (664).
The most decorated athlete of all time is Michael Phelps, who has won more than 20 sports events. He is also one of only three athletes to have won a medal in each of the eight different individual events at the Olympics. The others are Carl Lewis and Roger Federer.
Phelps has also won more gold medals than any other swimmer: 23. This makes him the greatest Olympian of all time. He will be able to hold this title for quite some time since Mark Spitz is currently second on the list with 22 gold medals. It's worth mentioning that Spitz won seven years after Phelps came up with his first win at the Munich Games. He could have been added to this list if he had not died in an auto accident when he was just 28 years old.
Another interesting fact about the Olympics is that it is the world's largest sport event. The games cover several months with over 1,500 events held over an area of 40 square miles at London 2012. That's almost twice the size of Disneyland!
The United States The United States won the most gold and overall medals, having 229 athletes competing compared to the host's 401 in the 1924 Summer Olympics.
|Host city||Paris, France|
|Athletes||3,089 (2,954 men, 135 women)|
|Events||126 in 17 sports (23 disciplines)|