Punts, drop kicks, and place kicks are the three types of kicks employed. The player must kick the ball before it reaches the ground in order to punt it. A punt can be either fair or foul. If it is fair it may be returned by the opposing team; if it is foul, then it becomes a free-kick.
The drop kick is used when there is no opposition player within ten yards of the ball. The kicker takes a drop back about twenty five yards from goal line with the intention of dropping the ball past at least one defender into the space they have just vacated.
The place kick is used when there is an opposition player within ten yards of the ball. The player takes a drop back about twenty five yards from goal line with the intention of placing the ball between the posts. This is usually only done if there is no opportunity to drop kick the ball.
Fair means that the ball has not been touched by a man. It is therefore possible to return it provided you do so within fifteen yards of where it crossed the touchline. However, if it is returned further than this then it is considered to be illegal and may result in a penalty shot for your opponent.
Illegal means that the ball has been touched by a man other than the kicker.
Kick to the ground The goaltender uses the punt, also known as a drop kick, to clear the ball as far downfield as possible since the ball is dropped out of the hands and becomes airborne upon impact. When the goalie comes to a halt and has possession of the ball, she may punt it; she cannot be touched while the ball is in the goal area. If no player is able to take control of the ball before it goes into the net, then it is considered a goal.
This type of kick is used primarily when there is no time left on the clock or if the team needs to conserve energy for later in the game. It is important to note that although every other player on the field can touch the ball, only the goalkeeper can score with a drop-kick.
Additionally, the goalkeeper can use her foot to deflect a ball back into play. This is called a punch out and can happen when another player is about to head the ball into the net. The goalkeeper can also use her hand to catch or parry the ball with any part of it; for example, she could grab the ball with her chest hair if need be. There are no rules against touching the ball with your body except your hands and feet; therefore, this ability provides her with many options for keeping the ball out of the net.
Last but not least, the goalkeeper can dive at any time during play to try and save a ball.
Drop kicks are used to open each half or to resume play after points have been scored or the ball has been grounded in the in-goal by a defensive team. The ball is either kicked long to acquire as much territory as possible or short to let the chasers to retake possession. Either way, the objective is the same: to score more points than your opponent.
There are several reasons why one might want to kick the ball away from the try line. The most common is to open up the defense by giving the opposition a new set of players to deal with. This can be useful if your team is struggling to find space to run with the ball or if you need to create some time and space for a player in particular. It also allows you to take advantage of mismatches in size or strength between yourself and your opponents - e.g. a small player against a big defender. Finally, kicking away from the try line can be an effective strategy when you are close to scoring but not yet ready to go over the top. In this case, you can use the drop kick to get further away from the opposing defenders while still in range of scoring a try.
Other reasons for taking drops will vary depending on the situation you are in. If you are well ahead or behind, it may be used as a way of keeping the game moving while you organize another attack.
The kicking team attempts to gain possession of the football by executing an onside kick. An onside kick may be utilized to make a major play at any moment, but they are most commonly used when the game is on the line and the kicking team badly wants the ball in the hands of its offense.
An onside kick is executed when the receiving team has control of the football and appears from the sidelines to have it ready for immediate play. The onside kick was originally invented as a way for American football teams to take advantage of mistakes made by their opponents during punt returns. The idea was to allow the onside-kicking team to get the ball into the end zone without having to go back out again for another punt. Today, most teams use some type of coverage during return situations to prevent their opponents from getting great returns and using them against them later in the game. However, some players might still sneak away from coverages during punt returns or field goal tries in order to set up onside kicks.
There are two types of onside kicks: live and dead. During a live onside kick, one member of the kicking team stays near the sideline while the other members of the team form a ring around the center of the field. If the ball is spotted within this circle, the kicking team will execute the onside kick. Otherwise, they will wait for another opportunity. On rare occasions, a second live onside kick might be attempted if the first attempt fails.
A free kick is similar to, but not the same as, a field goal. Players line up in a manner similar to a kickoff, with everyone on offense required to be behind the line of scrimmage when the ball is kicked. Everyone on defense must be 10 yards back. Kickers can choose between a holder kick and a drop kick. A holder kick is taken by placing the ball on the ground and tapping it twice with the foot (regardless of whether it's touched by a player or not). The opponent kicks off, and if they don't touch the ball before it hits the ground, it's a free kick for you.
Players may only be in line-up positions described above at the time of the kick. For example, a player cannot be in motion while waiting for his turn at kick off because the referee has no way of knowing where he will be positioned after he starts running.
Free kicks are used to start offensive possessions when there is no time remaining on the game clock and you don't have the opportunity to use any other type of penalty. For example, if the opposing team commits a foul deep in their own territory, you could send a free kick into the opposition's end zone for a quick score. There are two ways to take a free kick: the kicker can either place the ball himself or one of his teammates can place it for him. If the latter happens, the teammate who placed the ball is given the option to roll the ball toward himself or another player.