A penalty kick is awarded when a player commits a direct free kick offence inside their penalty area or off the field during play, as defined in Laws 12 and 13. A penalty kick can be converted into a goal. A penalty shootout occurs if penalties are necessary to determine a winner of a match. In that case, each team will take five consecutive kicks, with the aim being to score more goals than your opponent.
The penalty kicker has three attempts to score a goal. If they miss, then there is another opportunity to score after the opposing team has taken their penalty.
There are several types of penalties including:
- Free kicks are given out by the referee when a player is about to be injured, has been prevented from playing the game or is guilty of a serious foul play. The player who receives the free kick must take it within 10 yards of the penalty box (or try for goal if there is no penalty box).
- Penalty kicks are used to decide matches in regulation time when only one team scores a goal. The penalty kicker has the opportunity to score a goal from any position on the pitch. However, they must be within 20 yards of the penalty box.
- Red cards are shown to players who argue with officials or distract them from the game.
A penalty kick is awarded whenever a player commits any of the following offenses inside his/her own penalty area, regardless of the position of the ball, as long as the ball is in play: kicks or attempts to kick a competitor tripping or attempting to tripping an opponent flies toward an opponent's head; blows to the head of an opponent.
The offender will usually receive a free-kick for the offense, except if he is more than 2 meters away from the ball or the opponents' goal. In that case, a penalty kick will be taken instead. A penalty kick is worth 3 points in soccer. A penalty shootout occurs if the players are still tied after they have taken their penalties. The goalkeeper who saves the penalty kick earns 1 point for his team.
There is also a form of penalty kick called "the spot", which can only be scored from directly in front of the goal. This type of penalty kick is used when a foul has been committed outside the penalty box. No player can be substituted during a penalty shoot-out unless there is a serious injury to a player.
The penalty kick is one of the most important parts of soccer. It determines many of the outcomes of a game. If you want your team to win, you must learn how to take effective penalties.
If the ball enters the goal after touching an attacker's hand or arm, a free kick or penalty will be awarded. A player gains possession of the ball after it leaves their hand or arm and then scores or creates a scoring opportunity. For example, if an attacker loses control of the ball and it goes out of play before reaching the end line, they have lost possession of it.
The hand of an opponent is considered to be in position for the taking of a free kick if the hand or arm is visible over the top of the opposing team's shoulder when the ball is in play. If the hand or arm does not reach over the shoulder, but is rather at head height or lower, it is not considered to be in position for the taking of a free kick and no free kick is given.
It is not necessary for an opponent's hand to touch the ball to award a free kick. If an attacker's hand or arm is in position to take a free kick but doesn't, the referee may give a free kick anyway because he believes that the attacker did not intend to take the shot. This type of free kick is called a "forced error" or "handball".
A defender who handles the ball must wait until it has been put back into play before they can handle it again (unless it is out of bounds).
When the ball makes contact with a player's hand or arm, their silhouette expands abnormally. This gives them away even if there is no other player in front of them.
There have been many incidents in soccer where a player has touched the ball with their hand or arm, only to have it go into the net. Sometimes this happens because they had not seen the opponent steal the ball from them. Other times it is done intentionally by the player who wants to draw a foul. After all, if there is a free kick or penalty shot situation, you want to give the referee a reason to send the player off.
The offending player must leave the field for a medical time out while the opposing team gets a chance to counterattack. If the player stays on the field, then the opposition can set up a defense against any potential counters.
Touches of the ball by an attacker who doesn't have control of it may result in a penalty kick instead. For example, if an attacker loses the ball while trying to pass it, this is known as a missed opportunity. If the player recovers it before it hits the ground, this is called a grasp of the ball.
A penalty kick is awarded when the defending side commits a contact foul or hand ball within the penalty area—the huge box on each end of the field. So it's a direct kick as well. Until the ball is kicked, all players must remain outside the penalty area and the penalty arc.
When the referee blows his whistle to start the penalty kick, all players other than the goalkeeper must retreat at least ten yards (9m) from the scene of the incident. This is required by law for all soccer games, including those that are exhibition or friendly matches. The only time this rule is not enforced is if there is any risk of injury to an opponent.
The only exception is if the player who committed the foul is able to escape further punishment by diving. In this case, he is allowed to stay on the field of play and take the kick.
Penalty kicks are usually taken while the goalkeeper is going through his pre-match routine. However, you can tell the goalie has stopped what he is doing and is waiting for the kick by seeing him jump out of the way. If the ball goes over the crossbar but doesn't hit the ground, the attempt is considered successful.
If the ball hits the woodwork, rolls across the goal line and comes to rest behind it, the defender who committed the foul will get a free kick.