The Beginnings William G. Morgan (1870–1942), who was born in the state of New York, is credited with inventing the game of volleyball, which he first called "Mintonette." The story goes that one day while sitting in his office at Minton's Athletic Club in Boston, Morgan saw some young people playing a new game called "indoor tennis" and decided that it would be fun to play with a ball instead of a racket. So he invented what we know today as volleyball.
He first published his ideas in the magazine Field (November 1900). In this article, titled "A New Game," Morgan described how you could use a ball made of cotton or leather for this new sport. He also included drawings of the proposed rules. This article created a lot of interest in the game, so several other writers followed with more comments on volleyball. In 1908, an article by Henry T. Finney appeared in Harper's Magazine explaining the differences between indoor tennis and volleyball. It was then that the names "indoor tennis" and "volleyball" were used interchangeably to describe the same game.
Although both sports have similarities, they are not the same thing. Indoor tennis has elements of basketball and handball while volleyball includes elements of handball, racquetball, and badminton.
William George Morgan (January 23, 1870–December 27, 1942) invented volleyball, which was initially known as "Mintonette," a term borrowed from the game of badminton that he subsequently decided to modify to better reflect the nature of the sport. A native of England, Morgan moved to South Africa where he taught English and played rugby before coming up with the idea for what would later become one of the most popular sports in the world.
He first demonstrated his new sport at the Cape Town Gymnasium on August 28, 1895, and it was an immediate success. It was not long before other schools began playing it, first in Cape Town and then across South Africa. The first international match of volleyball was played between Australia and Britain at Melbourne's East Melbourne Cricket Ground in 1894. This event is now recognized by the Olympic Movement as the official beginning of modern volleyball history.
After returning to England, Morgan set up a business making nets for tennis and cricket fields but soon gave up commercial fishing to focus on developing volleyball again. In 1900, he published a book titled Volleyball: How to Play the Game, which included detailed instructions on equipment needs and rules differences between men's and women's games. That same year, he also created the Women's National Association to promote the growth of the sport among female athletes. He served as president of the association from its founding until his death in 1942.
Mintonette William George Morgan (January 23, 1870–December 27, 1942) invented volleyball, which was initially known as "Mintonette," a term borrowed from the game of badminton that he subsequently decided to modify to better reflect the nature of the sport. He filed a patent for his invention on August 25, 1895.
Morgan's inspiration for the game came when he was attending Harvard University. One day while playing Mintonettes with his friends, they played a game where each player tried to hit the ball away from him or her into the net. This inspired Morgan to create a new game that would be easier to play because you did not have to keep track of your opponents' moves; instead, you could focus solely on hitting the ball.
He first called his new game "Paddleball" but later changed it to "Volleyball". When he showed his creation to some fellow students from Harvard College, they suggested that he name it after one of them so that they could claim priority over the idea. Therefore, he named the new game after Harriet Haines, then a student at Harvard College. Later on, others also claimed ownership of the game and brought suit against Morgan. The court ruled in their favor because they said that they had seen the game being played years before it was patented. However, since this happened during college hours, they allowed Morgan to continue to teach and play the game.
Morgan, William G. William G. Morgan created volleyball, initially named "mintonette," in 1895, four years after the development of basketball. Morgan, a YMCA Springfield College alumnus, created the game as a hybrid of basketball, baseball, tennis, and handball. He called his creation "a new indoor sport that would be easy to play and excellent for health."
Volleyball's early days were difficult ones. It was not until the 1920s that the game really took off. The most famous era of volleyball began in the 1930s, when college sports programs started adopting the sport. In 1938, the first official NCAA tournament took place. In this era, men's volleyball became a popular sport at many schools across the country.
The 1940s saw another surge in popularity for the sport. World War II brought about many changes to the economy and society at large, but it did not stop people from playing volleyball. After the war ended, men's volleyball continued to grow in popularity and by the 1950s, it was one of the top ten collegiate sports in the United States.
The 1960s saw yet another rise in popularity for the sport. Programs such as Stanford, UCLA, and USC made men's volleyball one of its top priorities. In 1967, Congress passed a law making volleyball a year-round activity so that students could practice and play the sport all year round.
Volleyball, formerly known as "mintonette," was created in 1895 by American William G. Morgan, who came up with the concept for the new sport. As a student at Springfield College in Massachusetts, he encountered James Naismith, who had created basketball in 1891. Impressed by Morgan's athletic abilities, Naismith invited him to join his team as it developed further. The two athletes collaborated on several projects before Naismith left to take charge of basketball at the YMCA in Chicago. After his departure, Morgan continued to develop volleyball independently.
In 1916, Dr. Luther C. Waller from the University of Minnesota introduced the first organized rules of play for volleyball. These rules are still used today by most recreational teams across the world.
The modern game of volleyball was invented in America by William G. Morgan in 1895. Inspired by baseball, soccer and tennis, this new sport required players to use their bodies rather than their arms as they tried to send a ball over the net into their opponents' court. It became very popular in America and Japan where it is known as "netball." In 1912, the first international volleyball tournament took place in Tokyo when USA and England faced off in a series of matches. This event served as a demonstration sport for the Olympic Games that were going to be held in Stockholm that same year.
William G. Morgan created volleyball, initially named "mintonette," in 1895, four years after the development of basketball. The first known use of the term "volleyball" was in 1896 by a writer for The New York Times who described it as a new "sport that is becoming very popular among young people."
The modern game of volleyball was developed from men's basketball through changes made by William G. Morgan. In 1894, he added a net to the basketball court and called it "Volleyball". In 1896, he further modified the sport by adding a ball and calling it "Modern Volleyball". Today, these games are known as boys' basketball and girls' volleyball respectively.
Morgan also invented women's basketball, which was played using rules similar to those of modern volleyball until 1949 when it was replaced by modern volleyball's own set of rules. Women then began playing under those new rules, which they continued to do until 1952 when they were allowed to play men's volleyball again. In 2001, women were finally granted their own league that uses both modern and traditional rules together rather than having separate divisions for each type of game.