It was proposed due to the availability of alternative jerseys. Teams had alternative jerseys and obviously preferred to wear them at home. This occurred in the late 1990s and early 2000s. The original idea came from a group of fans who wrote an open letter to then-New York Islanders owner John Pickle.
The letter complained about how difficult it was to follow games because only the players' uniforms contained any form of identification. They suggested that if Pickle wanted to make things easier for fans, he should bring back the use of white uniforms like they had done in the old Boston Bruins team.
Pickle liked the idea and it was believed that when the new building on Long Island was ready, he would move his team back to Boston. However, this didn't happen and so white uniforms were never used again.
In 2007, after much debate, the National Hockey League approved the use of colored helmets. Before this change, only the New Jersey Devils wore white helmets; the rest wore black ones. The reason given for the change was for better visibility during game play. There had been several incidents where players had been unable to be identified during fights or after being checked into the boards hard.
However, there were still many fans who wished that their teams would return to wearing white uniforms.
To earn income, first and foremost. Each club need funds to function. They can't always rely on their owner's money. They modify their uniforms for this purpose so that they may create cash by having people buy the jerseys year after year, producing revenue.
The Patriots have been known to change their uniforms frequently because of their ownership by Robert Kraft who also owns the NFL's New England Revolution soccer team. The Revolution used to play in a uniform similar to that of the Patriots' football team until 2005 when they switched to a more traditional soccer outfit. Before then, they wore a modified version of the Patriots' uniforms during some part of each season since 2001. The Vikings changed their uniforms in 1994 after purchasing the rights from the Chicago Bears; before then, they were wearing uniforms very similar to those of their parent club, the Chicago Bears.
Some teams began wearing contrasting colors during the 1940s, but the NHL made it essential for the home and away teams to wear contrasting jerseys in 1950. The introduction of television, which was black and white at the time, demanded different jerseys so that spectators could follow the action. Today, all NHL jerseys are colored the same.
An official draws a line between the end zones on the field to determine where players can go and cannot cross the line. If a player does cross the line, an automatic flag is thrown by an official who calls for its removal. This is known as a penalty flag. The opposing team is given a chance to counter-attack after each goal while the original team waits for their turn.
In international competitions, such as the World Cup of Hockey, participants are allowed five instead of three minutes per team for penalties. The idea is that more goals will be scored and there will be more excitement during the game. However, some people claim that this makes for unfair games because a lot can happen in just five minutes. Also, removing players from the ice for two minutes may not seem like much, but it can make a big difference if your team is struggling to get any momentum going.
The first hockey game with penalties was played on November 21, 1939, between Boston University and Harvard. During that game, it took only four minutes and fifty-nine seconds for someone to score a goal for each team.
Everyone in the arena, including the players, would be dressed in white, creating a stunning effect. The NHL changed the uniform pattern in 2003, requiring home teams to wear black jerseys. Teams were seeking for ways to increase money, and producing "third" jerseys appeared to be the simplest way to do so.
In Canada, the Montreal Canadiens first wore black uniforms during the 1967-68 season. In the United States, where the National Hockey League is headquartered at the time, the Boston Bruins became the first team to wear black uniforms when they did so in 1969-70. The change was made because fans complained that the white uniforms looked too bright compared with those of their rivals, the Chicago Black Hawks and Detroit Red Wings.
The black color was chosen to match the color of the ice. Before then, teams had used white or light blue uniforms to better see what was happening on the ice.
Initially, only the home team was required to wear black uniforms, but over time, this rule was relaxed. Today, both teams wear black uniforms when they play each other. There are two reasons why the away team wears black uniforms too: first, so that they are not perceived as being the weaker team; second, so that they do not have an unfair advantage by being able to see the ice better.
In addition to seeing more clearly, some people believe that wearing black clothes helps players focus more on the game.