Syracuse, TX- FBS colleges with dome stadiums include San Antonio and Idaho. Syracuse employs a dome for basketball to have a large seating capacity while avoiding late-season weather. The University of Texas at San Antonio utilizes a dome since the city of San Antonio built one in order to pursue an NFL club. The school is affiliated with the Texas Rangers who play in Arlington.
Idaho has used a dome for football since it began playing Division I college football in 1994. Before then, it played in the Big Sky Conference which does not have a requirement for its members to use metal roofs. The school decided to use a dome because it is over 100 days a year rain free and has no air conditioning needed inside it.
Houston's NRG Stadium is a domed stadium that is used for college football and major events. It is the largest domed stadium in the world.
The first modern era (post-World War II) dome football stadium was Boston's Fenway Park, which opened in 1912. From 1938 to 1990, all but two of the National Football League's (NFL) regular season games were played under a roof. The only exceptions were indoor games during the 1957 NFL Championship Game (which was played at Los Angeles' Coliseum) and the 1982 NFC Championship Game (which was held at Washington's District of Columbia Stadium).
The FBS has three teams that play in dome stadiums: Syracuse, Idaho, and Tulane. North Dakota, North Dakota State, Georgia State, Northern Iowa, Northern Arizona, Idaho State, and South Dakota are the seven FCS schools. They all play their home games inside domed stadiums.
There are also two Division II teams that play in dome stadiums: West Virginia University at Parkersburg and Winthrop University. There are no Division I-AA or I-AAA teams that play in domes.
The Orange played their first game in the Carrier Dome on November 11, 1987. Since then they have won 88 games while losing only 34. The average score of their games is 54-13. This season's matchup with Connecticut was postponed due to poor field conditions caused by recent rainstorms. The game will be played at Sun Life Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida on December 1.
Idaho played their first game in RCA Dome on September 12, 1990. Since then they have won 51 games while losing only 26. The average score of their games is 55-14. This season's matchup with Louisiana-Lafayette was canceled due to safety concerns about heavy rain predicted for the area the day of the game. The game will not be made up.
Tulane played their first game in Greenville Memorial Auditorium on October 3, 1992.
James P. Melcher is a lifelong admirer of American football, particularly the Green Bay Packers and the Wisconsin Badgers. Domed stadiums are used by eight NFL clubs for home games. Some are retractable domes (like AT Stadium in Dallas), while others are not (such as the Georgia Dome in Atlanta).
When it comes to creating domed stadiums, cost is also a consideration. The additional expense of an extra roof frequently inflates a stadium's budget. It is possible to spend up to $150 million on a retractable roof. A stadium with a fixed roof might cost an additional $40 million.
It is divided into two sublists: stadiums constructed for field sports, such as baseball and a variety of football codes, and/or stadiums designed for athletics (track and field). Only domed and retractable roof stadiums, i.e. stadiums that cover both spectators and the playing field, are included. Amphitheaters, which are usually used for music festivals or other large events, are not covered by roofs.
Stadiums are built for various reasons. Some are just for show while others host major league games. Still others are used for college football or basketball. There are also facilities where athletes can train between games or events. The list below includes only those structures with a permanent seating area for spectators. Outdoor stadiums are not listed because they do not provide any form of environmental protection and their grounds tend to be very muddy after it has rained.
The list consists of 22 fields of play:
American football - Edward Jones Dome in St. Louis, Missouri
Baseball - Chicago Cubs; Chicago White Sox; Cleveland Indians; Colorado Rockies; Houston Astros; Los Angeles Dodgers; Miami Marlins; New York Mets; Philadelphia Phillies; San Diego Padres; Seattle Mariners; Texas Rangers