Cahill stated that it will be fascinating to see how the rules are interpreted when a defender gets clipped, maybe in the face, and a foul is thrown on that defender for breaching the attacking player's cylinder. "The entire goal of it is to promote more mobility by the attacking guys." I believe we will see more fouls called early in the season. The officials have several opportunities during the course of each game to issue technical fouls, which can be used as a punishment for excessive behavior on the court. They can also use their discretion and issue a warning shot across the foul line where there is no ball possession; this is known as a "coach's challenge".
An important factor in determining whether a foul should be called is where the contact occurs between players. If a defender's arm or leg is pulled, he has committed a foul. So too if his chest or stomach is touched, unless that touch is with an elbow or knee. A foul is also called if a player is held up under the arms or lifted off the ground without contact from another player; for example, if an opponent hangs onto him after a jump stop.
A final type of foul is the charge. A player who wants to draw a charge must do something first to get the attention of the referee. This might be by raising his hand above his head, turning his body, or even just jumping slightly. Once the referee sees what he has done, he will call a charge and follow the player while he stands outside of the three-point line.
A defensive foul committed before the ball is released by the inbounder at any moment throughout the game (even a "legitimate" or "natural" basketball move such as a defender battling through a screen) shall be administered in the same manner as an away-from-the-play foul made during...
An away foul is any foul committed while your team is not in possession of the ball. These are called "fouls away from the ball." Examples include charging players who are standing still, grabbing for balls that have been passed out of play, and shoving referees. Charging defenders who are moving toward the basket is allowed because it's considered part of the action on the court.
Foul shots taken after committing a defensive foul are known as "two-shot fouls." The referee will call a technical foul if your team continues to play after receiving a foul. In addition, teams can challenge certain calls by the referees by throwing a yellow flag. If their challenges are upheld, then they will receive a free throw. Otherwise, they will have to wait until the next time they get the ball.
There are two ways to go into the penalty box: with or without the ball. If you go into the penalty box without the ball, there are three things that can happen: you can get back on defense, get a second chance, or stay in the penalty box for another shot.
Defenders may be called for a personal foul if they make illegal physical contact while attempting to prevent an opponent from scoring. Using an unlawful screen to impede the route of a defender is a personal foul for offensive players. A penalty is imposed when a player is fouled while attempting to shoot. The referee awards two free throws, and the fouled player is allowed to stay in the game.
The only time a defensive player doesn't receive a foul is if he/she is guarding an opponent who has reached full-court pressure. In that case, the defensive player can stay with the player into whom he/she is defending the ball, but cannot leave his/her feet.
A personal foul is worth five points for the opposing team. If you're up by four or more points at the end of three minutes, it's best not to commit any more flags than necessary. There are still about five minutes left in the game, so there's no need to worry about ruining your team's chance at a victory.
Today, players will raise their hands to acknowledge the foul and to signify that the call was correct. This sort of foul occurs to halt a fast break, to frighten or get into an opponent's head, to prevent a highly likely basket (such as a sure slam or breakaway layup), or to place a bad free throw shooter on the line. These are all common reasons for raising your hand.
The first player to legally touch the ball after it has been fouled is awarded possession. If no one touches the ball first, then the referee will blow the whistle to signal that play has resumed with a free-throw attempt by the opposing team.
During this time, the player who committed the foul should not approach the bench area or else he will be called for a technical foul. However, coaches can approach the bench area to talk with their players if necessary.
In addition, players may raise their hands in protest of a call by the referee or to simply acknowledge that a foul was committed against them. Although this is not recommended, if you feel like you have enough strength left on the court after a foul to raise your hand, go ahead. There is no need to worry about being called for a technical because this type of foul does not stop play so there is no danger of ending up with a flagrant foul on your record.