4 responses Charles Follis, an African American, was the first person to play football. From 1902 until 1906, he was a member of the Shelby Athletic Club and the first football player to be paid. He played at the halfback position for the club, which at that time was one of the best teams in Ohio.
Follis's achievements have been overshadowed by those of his contemporary, Aeneas Coffey, who was also black and who played for the Shelby AC. However, it is probable that Follis received no credit for his own work because the sport was not accepted by most people at that time.
Football history does not identify any white players as members of the Shelby team during this period. It is likely that they used other sportsmen instead, such as James Parker Wilson or John "Honey" Leman. It is possible that Follis played alongside these men. For example, evidence suggests that Wilson and Follis both attended the University of Michigan around the same time.
The fact that Follis was not listed among the members of the team on its annual report cards indicates that he had no contract with the club and no guarantee of employment. This may explain why he left to find work elsewhere when the season ended in April each year.
Rutgers and Princeton played the first collegiate football game on November 6, 1869. It wasn't until the 1880s, however, that a famous Yale rugby player, Walter Camp, pioneered rule modifications that gradually converted rugby into the new game of American football. The first written reference to American football comes from an article in the New York Tribune in 1872. The article describes a game played by students at Harvard University where "a lot of thugs from Rutgers and Princeton invaded Ivy Land and destroyed it."
Camp was an influential figure in the early development of American football. He is considered the father of modern-day offense and defense. In 1883, he published a book entitled Football: Its Physiology and Psychology which included rules for the sport. These rules were used throughout the 1880s and 1890s before they were modified over time to create the current version we know today.
College football - especially the Ivy League - was not popular with many people during its early years due to concerns about student safety. However, as police forces became more effective and laws were changed, football started to attract more fans. By the 1920s, almost every college sports team in America was playing football during season games.
The NFL began as a merger of two rival organizations in 1950. One organization was called the American Football League (AFL) and the other one was called the National Football League (NFL).
Football's modern beginnings may be traced back to 1863 in England. Rugby football and association football, which were previously synonymous, split apart, and the Football Association was formed as the sport's first formal regulating organization. A group of English public schools in Cambridge formed a college football team that first played in 1871.
College football and association football would eventually become two separate sports, with different rules and regulations. Today, they are among the most popular sports in the world, with almost everyone able to play them.
Football has been known by many names over time. It was originally called "association football" because groups of men played on an area of grass known as an "association". This name remains even after certain changes were made to the rules of the game. In 1873, the first official rules of football were published by Eton College. These rules included some modifications to the original design of the game created by William Alexander (who did not attend Eton). The new version of the game was called "Eton football", and it was played between two teams of eight players each.
In 1876, the term "football" alone was adopted as the official name of the sport. This was done to distinguish it from another version of the game called "Rugby football" which was becoming more popular at the time.
In 1892, the sport of American football was still in its infancy. Its origins may be traced back to two sports, soccer and rugby, which had long been popular in many parts of the world. The game was staged by the New York Football Club, who hired William "Pudge" Heffelfinger as coach. This is considered by some historians to be the first official game of football.
Heffelfinger was a student at Rutgers University when he helped organize a team that would play against Princeton. He is regarded as the father of American football because he introduced several rules into the game. These include allowing players to wear gloves and using a ball instead of kicking it.
The introduction of these rules made the game more appealing to students at both schools. They continued to play under these new rules until Heffelfinger left Princeton to work for the New York Football Club. When he returned a year later, he recommended changing some of the rules including removing the goal posts and replacing them with flags held by officials. This is why we no longer use a goal post structure in modern football games.
After Heffelfinger's death in 1870, his colleagues at the New York Football Club decided to continue playing without him. They hired another former Rutgers player named Charles A. Loughborough to be their coach.
Arthur Wharton (28 October 1865–12 December 1930) is widely considered to be the first black professional footballer in the world. He played for Liverpool FC from 1884 to 1890, when this record was broken by John Henry Cameron.
Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Arthur Wharton grew up with his family in Liverpool, England. His father was a coach driver who earned enough money to send Arthur to school. When he was old enough, he started working as a clerk in the offices of a shipping company. It was here that he learned to play football. The company's team was always weak, so he decided to try out for another team when he heard they were looking for players. He quickly proved himself on the field and soon became one of the main stars of the game. In 1889, he returned to America where he joined the New York Giants of the American Football League. That same year, he also made his debut for the United States national team in a match against Canada. He remained with the team until 1891, when he decided to return to England where he signed with Liverpool FC. There he continued to play until 1895, when he retired due to injury. During his time at Liverpool, he won two English championships and one Scottish championship.