She was the first woman in track and field history to win five medals in a single Olympics. Aside from those medals, the IOC also disqualified Jones for her seventh-place performance in the long jump in the 2004 Olympics in Athens. More than a dozen more competitors' medal chances may be jeopardized as a result of the shift.
Athletes had been winning multiple medals at every Games up until 1904, when American Carrie Nelson became the first person to win five gold medals in one Olympiad by taking top spot in three different events: the shot put, the discus, and the hammer throw. Before her death in 1910, Nelson planned to try for six medals in 1912, but she died before the games began. Her final rank among all-time greats in each event is shown below.
Nelson's victory came just four years after American Ellen Stoner became the first woman to win an Olympic gold medal. At the time of Nelson's triumph, Stoners' total included four silver medals and one bronze.
In 1948, American Helen Witty became the first female track and field athlete to win six medals when she took home the gold in the high jump, the same event that Frenchwoman Martine Marquand won eight years earlier with what many consider to be an unbeatable technique. Witty went on to add two more golds at the 1952 Olympics in Helsinki and one each in 1956 and 1960.
Marion Jones competed admirably in all five Olympic events despite the massive cloud hovering over her head. She took home three gold medals (100m and 200m sprints, as well as a 4x400m relay) and two bronze medals (long jump and 4x100m relay). She would eventually have all of her medals revoked.
Jones's success on the track made her one of the most admired athletes in America. Her explosive speed and outstanding footwork earned her the title "Faster than Lightning." The media also coined the nicknames "Mighty Mouse" and "America's Sweetheart" for her.
After graduating from high school, Jones attended UCLA where she became a four-time All-American in track and field. She went on to become one of the greatest sprinters of all time with 12 national championships across various distances. Jones has also won the World Championships in 100m and 200m dashes twice each. She is the only person ever to win both events at the same Olympics.
When Jones retired from athletics after the 2008 Beijing Games, she had already amassed more than $3 million in career earnings. This was largely due to her dominance on the track that included 14 world records and 81 national titles.
In 2009, it was revealed that USADA (United States Anti-Doping Agency) had discovered evidence of steroid use by Jones. She admitted to USADA that she had taken synthetic testosterone throughout her career.
Florence Griffith Joyner, another African American runner, was one of them. Griffith Joyner became the second American woman in 1988 to win three gold medals in the same Olympics. She went on to win six Olympic medals in all. Wilma Rudolph was overjoyed to watch the success of other African American female athletes.
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce was declared the world's fastest woman, but not many people watched it.
Marion Jones completes a hat trick for the United States of America, becoming the third fastest female sprinter in history. She was the second-fastest for eleven years until Jeter beat her by a fraction of a second. Jones was born on October 12, 1975, and flew the flag in another country.
Florence Griffith Joyner, another African American runner, was one of them. Griffith Joyner became the second American woman to win three gold medals in the same Olympics in 1988. She went on to win six Olympic medals in all. Wilma Rudolph was overjoyed to watch the success of other African American female athletes.
She is the most decorated athlete on this list, with six Olympic gold medals, and she is tied for the most decorated female Olympian in track and field history, with nine medals. Sandi is a pole vaulter for Team USA. She earned a silver medal in pole vault at the 2016 Olympics and now holds the outdoor world record.
After Sandi, two more American women belong to this list: Lauryn Hill (silver medal in 100 meters hurdles) and Valerie Brisco-Hooks (bronze medal in long jump). And then there is one other track star from America: Dawn Harper-Nelson. She won a gold medal in the high jump at the 1948 London Games.
Outside of America, three more female track and field stars can be found on this list: Carlina Teo from Australia, Chiwetel Ejiofor from England, and Liu Xiang from China. Teo had been expected to win multiple gold medals at the 2004 Athens Games but was forced to retire from athletics after breaking her foot during training. However, she did win a bronze medal in the 400 meters relay race. Ejiofor won a silver medal in the 2000 meters steeplechase. Last, but not least, Chinese track star Liu Xiang has won two gold medals at the 2008 Beijing Games and 2012 London Games.
In conclusion, Sandi Miller is the greatest female track and field athlete of all time.