The official governing organization for amateur hockey in the United States is USA Hockey. Eveleth, Minnesota, is home to the United States Hockey Hall of Fame. The hall is located in a landmark building designed by famous architect Frank Lloyd Wright.
The International Ice Hockey Federation is the ruling body for international hockey.
There are three major professional leagues in the United States: the National Hockey League (NHL), the American Hockey League (AHL), and the East Coast Hockey League (ECHL). There are also several minor professional leagues such as the Southern Professional Hockey League and the Central Hockey League.
The United States has won two Olympic gold medals and one silver medal at the Winter Olympics. The Americans first appeared at the Winter Olympics in 1932. They have won more than they've lost at these events.
The United States men's national ice hockey team is the most successful team at the IIHF World Championships with 26 titles. Canada is second with 20 championships. The Americans have won the most recent three titles - in 2010, 2012, and 2014. The country's all-time leader in IIHF tournaments played is Wayne Gretzky with 49 goals scored. Mark Messier is second with 42 goals.
See United States women's national ice hockey team for the women's team. The men's national ice hockey team of the United States is located in Colorado Springs, Colorado, with its U18 and U17 development programs in Plymouth, Michigan. USA Hockey, the regulatory body for organized ice hockey in the United States, oversees the team. Its office is in Colorado Springs.
The team's current home arena is the Air Canada Centre in Toronto, Ontario, but they have also played all their games over the past two seasons at the Consol Energy Center in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Both arenas are capable of seating more than 10,000 people. The team's owner is Boston Bruins owner John Henry.
Before the NHL began play in Montreal and Chicago in 1917, there was no American professional ice hockey league. Thus, there were no invitations to the Olympics for men's or women's ice hockey. However, many elite amateurs from America and Canada do compete in foreign leagues.
Americans who play on other countries' teams include Brian Gionta, Ryan Miller, Chris Drury, Paul Stastny, Matt Duchene, Tyler Johnson, Patrick Kane, Joe Pavelski, and Brent Burns. Canadians who play on American teams include Henrik Lundqvist, Carey Price, Justin Faulk, Keith Aulie, Jeff Glass, Dave Maley, Rick Dudley, Don Hay, Bill Masterton, and Bob Wilson.
USA Hockey is the foundation for the sport of ice hockey in America, assisting young people to become leaders, even Olympic heroes, and connecting the game at all levels while encouraging a lifetime love of the game. Safety and Sportsmanship are essential values that must be promoted in order to have a successful sport at any level. These values are taught through USA Hockey's programs including its National Teams, Developmental Leagues, Learn to Play Clinics, and Ice Rinks across the country.
Ice hockey is making a comeback in America, with new players coming up through the youth systems and college programs of USA Hockey. If you ask anyone who knows about ice hockey in America today, they'll tell you that it's because of people like Jim Craig and Harry "The Hat" Carson who started our national team program in the 1950s. They showed what Americans were capable of doing on the ice, and they inspired more people to try out for our teams. After Jim Craig and Harry Carson, other influential people such as Bob Bennett, Bill Durnan, Herb Brooks, and Al MacNeil helped spread the word about our nation's ability on the ice.
Since the 1980s, the number of people participating in ice hockey activities has increased dramatically. There are now over 3 million Americans who play ice hockey, which makes us the largest amateur sports organization in the country.
The United States is rated fourth in the IIHF World Rankings as of 2018. USA Hockey ranks first in the world for participation at all levels of youth development.
The United States national ice hockey team has won the gold medal in every Summer Olympics since 1930. They also have a total of 19 World Championships titles to their name. The Americans are one of the most successful sports teams in history, and they show no signs of stopping now.
In 2014, American ice hockey player Zach Parise became the first U.S.-born player selected No. 1 by the New Jersey Devils in the NHL draft. Two years later, American defenseman Ryan Suter was picked first overall by the Minnesota Wild. Both players have represented their country at the Winter Olympics, with Parise winning a silver medal and Suter taking home a bronze.
American women's ice hockey has had considerable success as well. Three Americans have been chosen first overall by the NWHL's New York Riveters/Bulldogs: Amanda Kessel, Paul Stastny, and Jocelyne Lamoureux-Davidson.
While the United States national hockey team consistently performs well in international competition, particularly recently, and the NHL is littered with exceptional American players, hockey is not a sport that the United States dominates. The country's only two gold medals in men's ice hockey at the Winter Olympics have been won by Canada, and the United States' only other medal came in 1998 when they took bronze.
Hockey is a relatively small market compared to basketball or football, and although many famous Americans have played the game, including Bill Clinton, Ronald Reagan, and Wayne Gretzky, it is not widely known outside of Canada and the United States.
In fact, according to research conducted by Statistics Canada in 2014, American sports fans are most likely to know who Paul George is but not play him in any sport other than basketball. George was a prominent NBA player before moving on to compete for Canada in ice hockey. He now plays for the Oklahoma City Thunder and is one of the league's best shooters.
The study also found that American sports fans are most likely to know who Tom Brady is but not play him in any other sport.
Brady is one of the greatest quarterbacks in NFL history and plays for the New England Patriots. Before joining the Patriots, he spent his entire career with the Boston Patriots from 2000 to 2015.
The National Hockey League (NHL) is a major professional ice hockey league based in Canada and Russia. The NHL consists of 30 teams, each playing 50 games per season. The winner of the most games wins the Stanley Cup.
The Montreal Canadiens are the most successful team in franchise history, having won 11 Stanley Cups. They are also the only current franchise to have never been relocated. The Chicago Black Hawks were the first team when they were granted ownership of the Minnesota Wild after the team was moved during the 1997-98 season. However, since then the Wild have failed to reach the playoffs even once.
The Arizona Coyotes are the only current franchise that has never played in its current city. The team originally began as the Winnipeg Jets in 1972 and moved to Phoenix in the spring of 1996.
The Colorado Avalanche are one of two current franchises that have never played in its original city. The other team is the Tampa Bay Lightning. Both teams moved before establishing their namesakes at their new locations. The Avalanche played in Denver from 1979-1996 while the Lightning stayed in Tampa for only one season before moving to Virginia Beach where they play today under the name "Bolts".