The registration information of a player are transferred from one association football club to another, thus the word "transfer." Typically, the buying club pays the selling club a sum of money to compensate for the loss of the player and their services, which is referred to as a "transfer fee." The transfer fee can either be placed in a separate account used exclusively for trading players or included in the total budget of the club.
When a player is transferred, he usually retains his place in the team lineup but may be replaced by a new player. The person who replaces the player receives a compensation package worth approximately equal to that of the player being replaced. This new person is called a replacement player.
If a player does not play anymore (because he has been sent off or because he has retired), then his registration is canceled and he cannot play any more games for his current club or any other club. If a player dies while still registered with a club, that club will receive a death benefit from FIFA.
FIFA also conducts audits of each club to verify that they have complied with regulations regarding transfers. If violations are found, then sanctions may be imposed, including having lost eligibility to participate in certain competitions.
The most famous example of a transfer case was the sale of Christiano Ronaldo to Juventus for $100 million. He remained at Madrid for only one season before moving on to Juventus.
Professional players sign contracts with teams for a certain period of time, usually up to five years. If a player transfers before the end of his or her contract, the new club must compensate the previous one. This is referred to as a transfer charge. Similarly, who benefits from soccer transfers? Transfers are important for every club in order to improve their team and increase their chances of winning games and tournaments. The club that gains most from a transfer is called the recipient club. Recipient clubs can be divided into two categories: professional clubs and non-professional clubs.
The three main recipients of soccer transfers are: (1) the recipient club, (2>the transfer agent), and (3) the league system. All these organizations benefit from transfers because they have different needs that transfers meet. For example, a transfer agent needs to find new teams for its clients while the league seeks to keep its clubs interested in transferring by offering them money and titles.
In addition to these three main groups, other entities may also benefit from transfers. These include the fans, who will see more exciting soccer games due to the increased number of transfers, and young players, who will have better opportunities to prove themselves and earn lots of money through transfers.
Finally, transfers are important for any club that wants to compete at the highest level possible. By acquiring other talented players, they can increase their chance of winning games and trophies.
In general, players can only be transferred within a transfer window and according to the governing body's guidelines. A transfer fee is typically paid to compensate for the player's rights.
Players under 18 years old can usually be recruited by professional clubs but they must pass through a series of trials before being given a contract. If their performances at these trials satisfy the coach, then they will be offered a deal. If the parents refuse this offer or if the player does not want to join the club, his or her rights will have been wasted.
An agent will search for a professional club who may be interested in signing their client. The agent will contact these clubs and negotiate contracts with them. If no agreement can be reached, then there will be no transfer and the player's contract with his or her previous club has been terminated.
Agents also have the role of advising players on which clubs might be willing to buy their services. They may also find opportunities for their clients to play abroad. Agents typically receive a percentage of the transfer fee when they bring about a deal.
Players can also sell themselves. This is done directly with the club or through an agent. If the player chooses to do so himself without an agent, then he or she needs to be contacted by a professional club and given a contract.
No, soccer players are not paid a share of transfer money. Instead, the money is sent through the club, unless the club to which the player is heading adds a signing bonus, which will be deducted from the player's first salary. In this case, the player will receive no additional compensation beyond what is set out in the contract he or she signs with the new club.
The average transfer fee for a Premier League footballer is around £12 million. The most expensive transfer was Gareth Bale's move from Tottenham Hotspur to Real Madrid for a world record fee of £133 million.
Bale wasn't the only high-profile player to move to Spain last summer. Luis Suarez joined Barcelona for a fee that could reach £75 million while Neymar moved to Paris Saint-Germain for a reported €222 million.
Suarez and Neymar each won two titles with their new clubs. While Bale had an impact right away by helping Real win the league title, Suarez and Neymar needed more time to adapt to their new environments.
In addition to the transfer fee, every player has a release clause that allows his or her current club to negotiate a price with another club if they so desire. For example, Cristiano Ronaldo's contract with Manchester United included a release clause of £80 million.