The version for the Winter Paralympic Games is still being written. Australia, Austria, Belgium, France, Great Britain, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United States of America are regarded to have competed in all summer Paralympic Games from 1960 to 2008. Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Russia, South Africa, and Switzerland have qualified at least once.
In addition to these nations, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, and Peru have also sent athletes to some events but not all. The Israeli delegation to London was made up entirely of sighted guides and drivers!
Even though they can't physically compete against able-bodied athletes, everyone's efforts are still judged on how they perform during their event. The winners of each country's medal table are listed below.
As of the 2016 Games, all of the current 164 NPCs have competed in at least one Paralympic Games edition, and athletes from Argentina, Australia, Austria, France, Great Britain, Israel, Italy, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States had competed in all fifteen summer Paralympic Games. Nigeria is the only country that has never participated in a Paralympic event.
The number of countries that have taken part in the Paralympics has increased over time. There were just three NPC's when they first started in 1976: Canada, China, and the United States. Now, there are 164 nations that have sent competitors to at least one Paralympic event.
The number of athletes that have represented each nation at the Paralympics is also shown below. Japan has been ranked highest on the medal table with 56 medals, followed by Russia with 26 and Canada with 10.
Nations that have declined to send a delegation to the Paralympics include Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Belarus, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, and Yemen.
There are four types of athletes who can participate in paralympic events: complete, above-knee, below-knee, and wheelchair. Each type of athlete represents a different classification.
The Paralympic Games, which include athletes with disabilities, are held in the same host city as the Olympic Games. The Rio 2016 Paralympic Games included 22 sports and 4,328 athletes from 159 countries and territories. The Paralympic Games are a separate event to the Olympic Games, which are held every four years.
What is the difference between the Olympics and the Paralympics? The main difference is that in the Paralympics, athletes compete in the same events as their able-bodied counterparts, but they do not have to be physically fit to compete. There are also differences between the two events' rulesets. For example, while amputees can participate in athletics, they are usually restricted to running across a finish line once. In boxing, however, an amputee can compete against another person with a leg injury; this would not be allowed in the Olympics.
Why do we need a separate Paralympics? Many people with physical disabilities may not be able to participate in traditional athletic events due to medical reasons or lack of interest. However, they still want to be involved in other types of activity and sport has always been an important part of society. Having a separate Paralympic event allows these individuals to take part in activities they could otherwise not attend.
The Paralympic Games, or Paralympics, are a periodic series of international multi-sport events involving athletes with disabilities such as impaired muscle power (e.g., paraplegia and quadriplegia, muscular dystrophy, post-polio syndrome, spina bifida), impaired passive range of movement, limb deficiency (e.g., paralysis and quadriplegia), limb deficiency (e.g., paralysis and quadriplegia) caused by brain damage, and visual impairment.
The first Paralympic Games were held in Rome in 1960; they were originally known as the "Games for Disabled Persons". The name was changed in 1968 to more accurately reflect that these were not actual games played by persons without disabilities but rather trials where excellence was required of athletes with various disabilities. The word "paralympic" comes from the Greek para legein, which means "for a prize." Para legein also gives rise to terms like paralégic and paralimpic.
There are two types of competitions at the Paralympics: disability classifications determine what events an athlete can enter, while medal events decide who wins those races/events. There is a direct correlation between performance in one's classification and ability to win medals.
At the Paralympics, athletes with the same disability can have different levels of competition within their classes. For example, there may be open, regional, national, and international level competitions.