Position 1 is occupied by the server. It's your time to serve when you rotate to that place. (It should be noted that you can serve from anyplace behind the endline.) You are not required to serve from that area of the court.
The receiver is where position 2 and 3 players play. On a pass to a player in position 2 or 3, they must either catch or block the ball with their hands; they cannot jump or use any other type of offensive action. The receiver then passes or shoots the ball immediately after receiving it.
As for position 4, this is where defenders sit. They cannot attack the ball but they can stop it if it is passed to them. Position 4 players do not have to be on the court at the same time as positions 1 through 3 players. For example, one defender could be sitting in position 4 while another attacks the ball.
Finally, the goalkeeper is position 5. They control the net directly below the ball during set shots or when the ball is in mid-air above the top of the circle. Unlike some other sports, there is no offside rule in volleyball. A free ball is any ball not touched by a player on the floor. These balls are usually served by the opponent unless otherwise instructed by the referee.
Goalkeepers must stay within the boundaries of the court when not playing the ball.
The server serves the left court from the left court. If the receiving team wins a rally, the receiving team earns a point. The receiving side is transformed into the new serving side. 9. Players do not switch service courts until they win a point when their serving side is serving. They must wait for their next opportunity to serve.
After serving from position one, players rotate to positions six (middle back), five (left back), four (left front), three (middle front), and two (right front) before returning to position one to serve. Before the serve is delivered, a team must be in the proper rotation sequence. If not, the server will be penalized with a point loss.
The first player to touch the ball after it has been served is called for action. She/he is known as the receiver. The other player who was serving is called the server. Both players have equal opportunity to block or hit the ball away from them.
A legal hit is one that: contacts the ball with any part of the hand or arm; does not go out of bounds; and does not pass through an open player. If a player hits the ball with a part of her/his body other than her/his hands, it is considered a block and no point is scored by the opposing team. A legal volley is when the ball is touched with the hand instead of the head or shoulder. This gives the server enough time to get into position to serve again.
If you are the receiver, you have the option of hitting the ball yourself or passing it to another player. If you choose to hit the ball yourself, you can either shoot it over the net or under it.
Volleyball is played clockwise. If your side wins the point while the other team is serving, the player in the front right advances to the right back and becomes the new server. If your team is serving and you win a point, you do not rotate but instead remain in the same position.
The server starts with the ball behind the service line and stands on that side of the court. She will return serves to her own side of the court or pass them to teammates. A successful attack results in a point for the attacker; if the defender blocks the attack she can reach over the net to hit the ball away from danger. There are several basic shots in volleyball that depend on the situation - hits, passes, spikes, blocks, and faults.
As a general rule, attacks are made by teams sitting together. If an opponent steps between the lines of the court, this is called a block and stops any possible attack on that play. Blocks are used to defend against offensive strategies such as a hitter who goes for a lot of points in a row, or to prevent opponents from getting good positions in order to shoot. They can also be used to distract the defense during a change of direction attack so one of your players can get open for a shot.
Spikes are defensive plays where the server throws the ball up into the air above the net and it lands in play on the opposing team's side of the court.