On October 2, 2009, Jacques Rogge, President of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), announced Rio de Janeiro as the host city for the XXXI Olympiad Games to be held in 2016. The announcement was made during the 125th IOC Session in Singapore.
Rio de Janeiro was chosen over other candidates Barcelona, Berlin, Budapest, Madrid, Milan, Moscow, New York, Paris, Philadelphia, San Francisco, and Toronto. Of these cities, only Paris and London had been previously nominated by their respective countries as possible locations for the games. In fact, Rogers originally wanted to hold the games in London, but the British government refused to grant a visa waiver for athletes from nations that do not have official diplomatic relations with Britain. As a result, Rio de Janeiro was selected over London as the location for the first ever Summer Olympics held in South America.
The decision was met with enthusiasm by Brazilian officials and the public alike. Many Brazilians believe that the country can better manage an international event on its own rather than through a partnership like Boston's bid for the 2024 Olympics. Additionally, Rio de Janeiro has planned many new sports facilities to prepare for the games.
Some critics argue that Rio isn't ready to host such an event due to lack of security and infrastructure problems.
The International Olympic Committee chooses a city to host each Olympic Games (IOC). A host city is normally chosen seven years before the games are due to take place. The last Olympics were held in London, which was also the first country to be selected as host city.
The decision to select an athlete's village as part of the Olympic program has been made by each individual nation or region that wishes to have such a village built for their athletes. These villages are generally located within close proximity to the main Olympic Stadium or other important venues. They include around 15,000 rooms with around 95% being rated as "very good" or "good" according to recent surveys.
The majority of rooms rate between $150-$300 per night. Price depends on room quality and location but should be available at all times. During major events like the Olympics, prices can rise dramatically if hotels experience a surge in demand.
Attendance at the opening and closing ceremonies is an important part of the Olympic experience. Countries that successfully bid for the games will often build large-scale public art projects for visitors to see while they wait for the opening ceremony to start. These projects are usually designed by famous artists from around the world and constructed out of wood, metal, and plastic.
The IOC and its committee select the host city for the Olympic Games. Many nations compete for the right to host the Games, since the Games have expanded tremendously over the years to become the world's greatest sporting event, with significant social, economic, and cultural advantages for the host country. The decision is based on criteria such as security, funding, media coverage, and the popularity of the nation among other countries.
Host cities have the opportunity to make substantial changes to their plans before opening day if they find something better suited to their needs. This process is called "host switching", and it can occur at any time up until 2026 when Tokyo will be hosting the next Olympic Games.
Some countries have multiple attempts at hosting the Olympics. London won the bid in 2001 but had to withdraw due to financial problems. Berlin was selected instead, and London has already announced its intention to re-enter the race once its finances are stable again. In 2005, Athens was chosen to replace Vancouver as the host of the 2010 Winter Olympics, but Greece could not pay for the games and had to cancel them out. The country is now working to recover from this mistake and may be able to host the Olympics again in 2024.
There are also situations where a city does not host the Olympics, but rather shares the event with another city. Examples include Munich in 1972 and 1976, and Beijing in 2008 and 2020.
The host city is chosen at an IOC session four to seven years before the event, during which IOC members vote among candidate cities that have filed bids. As of the 2016 Olympic Games, 28 games have been hosted in 22 cities in 19 countries. London was selected as the host city for the 2012 Summer Olympics and Paralympics.
Other candidates typically file letters of interest with the IOC to demonstrate their interest in hosting the games. These letters are usually sent to countries or regions that have never had their capital city host the events. For example, Los Angeles sent a letter of interest to host the 2024 Olympics. However, it was later reported that the United States Olympic Committee has no plans to bid for the 2024 games.
Some countries may submit multiple letters of interest if they believe they can attract more than one city as a venue. For example, Amsterdam submitted letters of interest for both the 1928 and 1948 games. New York City also submitted letters of interest for both the 1932 and 1936 games. But only one city will actually receive these events - the other cities were merely demonstrating their interest.
There are several factors that go into deciding where to hold the games. The city needs to have suitable facilities, such as stadiums or arenas, that can accommodate all of the events being held. It also needs to be located near major transportation routes, since many athletes and coaches will come from far away to participate in the games.
The most recent Summer Olympics, held in Rio de Janeiro in 2016, garnered 3.6 billion spectators. Despite this high amount, just 26.5 million Americans watched the opening ceremony in 2016. This is more than 14 million less than watched the opening ceremony in London four years ago.
The Games of the XXXII Olympiad in Tokyo will be formally launched on Friday, July 23 with a three-hour ceremony beginning at 9 p.m. (AEST) and lasting until about 12 a.m. (AEST), culminating with the parade of countries and lighting of the Olympic cauldron.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has picked five cities to host future Olympic Games: Tokyo for the 2020 Summer Olympics, Beijing for the 2022 Winter Olympics, Paris for the 2024 Summer Olympics, Milan-Cortina for the 2026 Winter Olympics, and Los Angeles for the 2028 Summer Olympics. The decision was made at the 125th IOC Session in Lima, Peru on Thursday, May 2, 2011.
The city of Los Angeles was chosen over other candidates including Chicago, San Francisco, and Washington, D.C. The choice was not a surprise since L.A. is already home to many major international sports organizations including the NFL's Los Angeles Rams and Clippers, Major League Baseball's Dodgers, and the NBA's Lakers. It also hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics.
Peru had been bidding for both the 2024 and 2028 games but failed to secure either bid. France had been expected to bid for the 2024 games but dropped out after President François Hollande announced that Paris would not be bidding for the event. Italy had been considered a strong candidate for 2024 but Prime Minister Matteo Renzi said that his country wasn't interested in hosting the game because it could jeopardize Euro 2016, which takes place this year in 16 different countries including Russia and Ukraine.
Tokyo was chosen over New York City, Madrid, Melbourne, Rome, and Hamburg.