Every inning, one team—usually the visiting team—bats in the top, or first half. Every inning, the other team—usually the home team—bats in the bottom, or second half. The purpose of the game is for one team to score more points (runs) than the other. A run scores on every play except an out and an error. When there are no more runs to score, the game ends in a tie.
In addition to the number of runs scored, another way to compare teams is by calculating their batting average. This tells us how many balls hit into the field of play will result in an out. Teams with high batting averages are good because it means they have many hits. Teams with low batting averages are bad because they get on base often but don't walk or hit for power.
The batting order determines who bats in each inning. It's important that players not named "batters" (those who only hit) come to the plate during their turn. If a player fails to do so, a replacement can be any member of the team. For example, if the player who was supposed to bat in the third inning misses his chance, someone from the next group up could replace him.
A batter can still go down easily by hitting something other than a ball (such as a pitcher's mask or elbow), being hit by a pitch, or taking a wild pitch.
The home team The visiting team bats in the first half-inning, or top of the inning, as determined by the visiting club's position on the top line of a baseball line score. The bottom of an inning is the home team's half of an inning, while the middle of an inning is the break between halves of an inning. When there are less than two outs, the order in which the teams bat during any one inning is not significant.
In early softball games when there were no strike zones, the rule was that if the ball was in the infield then it was a ball; if it was in the outfield then it was a strike. Now that there are six batters per side, this method does not work because every out requires at least one batter. So now they just use a hand signal to tell who is up and who is down. If it's the home team then they will show you by waving their arms over their head. If it's the away team then they will throw their arms in the air.
There are several terms used in baseball that also apply to softball. One such term is "batting order". This refers to the order in which each player on a team is expected to come to the plate during any one game. Another term is "bottle" which refers to when all the players not named in the starting lineup have been taken out of the game.
The home team bats second (the "bottom" of the inning), while the visiting club bats first (the "top" of the inning). If there is an even number of balls in the inning, then both teams will have a chance to bat during each round of the game. However, if there are only five balls left in the inning and the home team has the lead, they will be sent to the plate first in an attempt to finish the game before their opponents get a chance to bat.
In other words, the home team gets the advantage at the top of the inning, but not the bottom. This is because it is easier for the batter to get ready when there are less things happening around them. The batter wants to see how the ball looks, whether or not it is hit hard, etc. As soon as these things are known, the batter can make any necessary adjustments to their stance, position on the field, etc.
This is why it is important for the home team to put themselves in a good position early on, before their opponents get a chance to bat. A run scored here or there could completely change the outcome of the game. Also, don't forget about pinch hitters!
Baseball is a team sport played by two teams, with each side getting nine innings to score runs. When the number of runs being scored is equal, then there is no winner until after extra innings have been played. If the visitors lead after nine innings, they win. If the hosts catch up, then it becomes a tie game that goes into extra frames.
In early baseball games, when there were only eight players per team, it was not unusual for both clubs to agree to let someone else hit off of the pitcher. This alleviated any concern about who would bat first if the match went full strength. As baseball became more popular and professional, this practice began to disappear. It is now common for either the host or visitor to claim the privilege of batting first.
If the host wishes to grant the other team permission to hit first, they send an assistant coach out to stand in front of the batter's box while the manager makes the announcement. Once the assistant coach signals that he is ready, the manager sends him back inside where he can be replaced by another member of the coaching staff. On most occasions, the host will choose one player from each team to hit first.
The home side During the bottom half, the home team is always at bat while the visiting team is fielding. The bottom of the inning is over when three outs are recorded. If there are two outs, then it is not over until both teams have batted once more. If one team has already batted twice, then that is enough for the bottom of the third.
The team on top At the end of the inning, the first team to reach three runs wins. If both teams have the same number of hits and runs, then the game goes into extra innings. In this case, there is no limit on how many times either team can hit before a winner is determined.
It is important to note that during an extra inning game, any player from either team can be replaced by a substitute. For example, if the manager decides that his best hitter is getting tired and wants to replace him with someone else, he can do so without leaving the field. As long as the replacement comes from his team, he can now sit out another player. This process can continue until the manager decides it's time to put in a new player. There are no rules regarding how many substitutes a team can use during extra innings, but most leagues allow two replacements per player.