The beginning and finishing lines are marked by two stone markers that are approximately 193 meters apart. The south bank of the stadium housed the judges' platform, while the north bank had an altar devoted to the priestess of the goddess Demeter, the only woman permitted to observe the games. A path led from this altar to the finishing line.
The stadium was built for the Ancient Olympic Games in 708 B.C. It remained in use through the early Roman Empire before being abandoned. In A.D. 395 it was destroyed by a fire that also burned down most of Rome. It wasn't until 15 years later that the city again had enough money to build new stadiums. This time out, they used limestone instead of brick for the structure's walls which helped preserve them through the centuries.
The original stadium at Olympia was a pentagon with 50,000 square meters of floor space. It could hold up to 200,000 people with room left over for spectators to watch events from elevated seats called "stades." There were no such things as scoreboards or electronic timers, so athletes competed blindfolded against each other. The winner was determined by who reached the finish line first!
The modern Olympic Stadium is a modified version of this original design. It still has five main sections but with fewer rows of seats (40,000 compared to 50,000).
The track must be 250m long for Olympic and World Championship events, and the 'bank,' or angle of the track, must be 45 degrees on the corners. Other competitions are less stringent, which means the track can be twice as long and the bank can be closer to 30 degrees. In fact, the only requirement for the track is that it must be able to be cleaned with water.
In the United States, where I live, the track is usually just outside of the stadium before it gets to an actual track. There's a barrier between the two types of tracks (stairstep and outdoor) so athletes don't get hurt if they fall off of the stairstep track into the dirt one-too-many times.
The length of the track depends on how fast you want to go. The faster you go, the shorter the track will be. For example, the 100m race at the Olympics is always completed in 10 seconds or less, which means the track must be 90m or less long. While the 200m race takes 20 seconds or more, which means the track can be 200m or longer.
The length of the track also affects the type of person who runs well on it. An athlete who is good at speed needs a short track because they have less time to reach top speed. Someone who focuses more on distance running would do better on a track that is longer than it is wide.
Running-The Games' History The ancient Greeks worshiped the Gods and Goddesses, and the Olympic Games were founded roughly 2,700 years ago in honor of Zeus. The games were just a day long in the beginning, and one of the first documented events was a sprint from one end of the stadium to the other. As the event's popularity grew, the runners increased their speeds until they reached a point where they became athletes. They participated in athletic competitions in all kinds of events, but the most prestigious were the races between cities. These races were often fought out by young men from one city who had been given safe conduct as ambassadors for their home towns. They would run with a coin attached to their ankles, which if found when the race was over meant death for the runner but prosperity for his town.
People started running in the Olympics because it was fun and exciting. The first recorded Olympic event was a footrace from Athens to Sparta that took place at a time when horses were used for transportation. It is not known who won this race, but it is known that it was very popular at the time because it was considered an important part of democracy. After this initial race, other events were added to the program including a boxing match, a wrestling match, and a jumping competition. Around 600 BC these events were joined by a series of sprints including a 100 meter dash, a 200 meter dash, a 400 meter dash, and a 880 meter (900 yard) race.
The original Olympic Games were held in 776 BC in Olympia, Greece, and only contained a 590 '| 180 m footrace. 300m Running Tracks are specialized rubber running tracks used for track and field contests, with lanes measuring 300m from beginning to end. They are widely considered to be the most challenging course to run due to their length and the fact that athletes have to cover it in three minutes under standard conditions. The first track at the modern Olympics was used for this purpose. It was built into the stadium's wall at about the same time as the opening ceremony.
The first known track and field event at the Olympics was a Greek tradition called the ichneumon game. It was not until about five years after the first games that events such as the marathon first appeared on the program. In Athens, there is evidence that runners sometimes ran along roads while competing, but they probably didn't race the full distance since roads were often unsuitable for long-distance travel.
In Rome, the first official Olympic games in 1864, a track and field competition was held between France and Germany. This event is considered the origin of modern sports events worldwide because it established rules such as time limits and prizes for winners. However, even though track and field events were part of these initial games, they weren't the only event: chariot racing was also held.
The opening and closing ceremonies encourage spectators to learn about the culture of the country hosting the Games through music, singing, dance, and pyrotechnics. In addition to these celebrations, the ceremonies include certain highly specific traditions. The majority of this protocol was implemented at the 1920 Games in Antwerp. Since then, every ceremony has followed a similar format.
At the Opening Ceremony, national flags are carried into the stadium by athletes or officials while music is played. The flags are then planted in front of the podium where the host nation's representatives will address the audience. Next, there is a parade of nations, with each country's flag being passed along the row of chairs on which they sit. A small cannon shot signals the beginning of the ceremony and all eyes turn to the sky above where two white pigeons are released into the air. If they return within sight of the stadium, the hosts have good luck for the rest of the Olympics. Otherwise, they must wait until after the event is over before finding out how their year went.
At the Closing Ceremony, members of the winning team carry the flag into the stadium. This act marks the end of the competition phase of the Games and signals the start of a celebration lasting several days. Music and dancing follow, and then the president of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) announces that 2020 Olympics will be held in Tokyo.