6th of June, 1876 Soccer became an organized collegiate sport in the United States in the years following the Civil War. On November 6, 1876, Princeton and Rutgers colleges played the first intercollegiate soccer match in New Brunswick, New Jersey, which Rutgers won 6-4. The game is considered to be the first official game of association football.
After the war, the need for a team sport that could be played on outdoor grounds with a ball was evident. In those days before air conditioning, large gatherings of people outside allowed for the development of many sports including baseball, American football, and basketball. But since the weather in most parts of the country is not suitable for these games all year round, a new sport was required. Soccer emerged as the favorite among athletes because it could be played on any surface and did not require much equipment. This made it popular with military teams who needed to train on any available ground without waiting for their turn at bat or field.
The first club dedicated to organizing matches involving students from different schools formed in New York City. The college from which it took its name, Pratt Institute, does not appear to have participated in these games initially but instead focused on educational work. However, it is believed that they may have played some sort of softball game that can be traced back to military drills during the war. It is only after the end of the war when they started organizing soccer games.
College soccer grew during the 1970s, with the NCAA creating a men's Division III in 1974 to suit the increasing number of institutions.
Soccer became an organized collegiate sport in the United States in the years following the Civil War. On November 6, 1876, Princeton and Rutgers colleges played the first intercollegiate soccer match in New Brunswick, New Jersey, which Rutgers won 6-4. The game resembled rugby and soccer more than gridiron football. 1876-1880
In 1892, the sport of American football was still in its infancy. Its origins may be traced back to two sports, soccer and rugby, which had long been popular in many parts of the world. Rutgers and Princeton played the first collegiate football game on November 6, 1869. The game was staged by the New York Football Club, who hired William "Pudge" Heffelfinger as coach. This is considered by some historians to be the first official game of football.
Heffelfinger is also credited with inventing the first football uniform. It consisted of trousers and a jacket with the arms cut out of the material. The first known photograph of an athlete wearing clothing that would become standard today was taken in this game. Two other games were played that year, but they are not considered part of the early history of the sport because they were between colleges rather than universities.
The next season (1870) saw the establishment of a national championship between Harvard and Yale. These two schools have historically been the only ones allowed to use balls in their games. In 1872, Cornell and Columbia played what has been deemed the first intercollegiate game using rules similar to those used today. However, neither school continues to use its own institution's name when announcing games played before 1894. That year, Pennsylvania professor E. D. Crump designed new rules for American football that are still used today in some form.
1863 Association football and rugby football were officially divided on December 8, 1863. Later that year, on December 19th, 1863, the first soccer match was played on Barnes Common in Mortlake, London, between Barnes Football Club and Richmond Football Club. The game finished in a stalemate. It is not known who scored any goals during this match but it has been suggested that it may have been done manually with hands or sticks.
Before this date association football was known as "foot-ball" and was only available at public schools such as Eton College and Rugby School. It is not known how soccer was played at these schools but it is believed that they might have used a ball that was not inflated like today's ball. There are reports of boys from these schools going to Europe where they met with great success because they knew how to handle the ball properly. It is possible that they introduced the game to Britain.
The first recorded match of what we know today as soccer took place two years later on December 16, 1865. This time there was no doubt about who won with Richmond defeating Barnes 11-0. After this match both clubs joined forces to promote their sport and within a few years they had formed the English Football Association. The first official international match was played between England and France on March 20, 1872. It is not clear who won this match but it is known that there were several rules violations by both teams including handling the ball with the feet.