The Birth of Modern Tennis Paume (meaning "palm") was a court game in which the ball was struck with the hand. It is believed to have been invented in France around 1712. The term paume is French for glove, and this is how the game is often referred to today.
It was only later that the name "tennis" came into use. In English, French, and other languages around the world, the game we know as tennis was originally called tennis or battue before being renamed in its present form in the 19th century.
Modern tennis evolved from an older game called real tennis. The names are similar but not identical - they differ only in their final letters. As with many sports, modern tennis uses many elements from ancient games it has only modified them over time. For example, the volleyball used in modern tennis is almost identical to the one that was popular during Roman times.
Tennis has its roots in England where it was known as real tennis until 1845 when it became fully recognized as we know it today. In 1877, the two games of lawn tennis were combined by Henry Taylor at the Royal Horticultural Society's Garden Party at Chatsworth House.
The history of the tennis game was developed from a 12th century French handball game called "Paume" (palm). In this game, the ball was struck with the hand. After some time, the "Paume" game produced handball, "Jeu de Paume" (game of the palm), and there were used racquets. At first, the ball was hit with the hands. Later on, it was found that this was not efficient so strings were added to the hands of the players.
Tennis evolved into what we know today in England around 1580. Thomas Jefferson, one of the founders of America, introduced the game to his plantation. He is said to have taken the game with him when he moved to France, where it became popular with the aristocracy.
In 1877, the world's first open tournament was held at the Wimbledon Tennis Club. The event was an instant success and has been going ever since. Today, it is considered the most important tennis tournament in the world.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the use of the racket increased dramatically. The modern game was created by the American Walter Breslin who is said to have invented the overhand serve in 1913. Before that, the shot was done with the forehand.
Breslin also invented the adidas brand which is known for its sport shoes. He sold his rights to the game to the company for $100,000 in 1917.
Tennis Origins: A History of Tennis The ball was struck with the hand in this game. After a while, the "Paume" game gave rise to handball, "Jeu de Paume" (game of the palm), and the usage of racquets. European monks invented the game to amuse themselves at ceremonial events. As time passed, the sport became popular among people in England, France, and Germany. In 1720, the first written reference to "tennis" is made when John Hawkes wrote that "Tenants play at Tennis."
Today's tennis players enjoy a variety of activities including training, competition, and recreation. Early tennis players trained rigorously for hours on end to achieve perfection at the game. They competed against each other in exhibition matches known as "musters," and they enjoyed the company of friends while doing things like fishing, hunting, and driving horses-all while playing tennis!
In 1845, the first official match played by the English aristocracy took place at the Royal Wimbledon Club. The event is still going on today but instead of aristocrats, it is now called the "Wimbledon Championships."
In 1877, the modern game we know today was developed by George Thomas Laver (1836-1907) from Australia. He is also called "The Father of Tennis".
Nowadays, tennis is practiced by people of all ages and abilities.
Paume Tennis traces back to the 12th century France and was originally played as a handball game called 'paume' or palm. The game entailed striking a ball back and forth with one's hands. It is this connection that led some historians to believe that early tennis may have originated in France.
In the 15th century, the game of tennis as we know it today came into being. It was then that the terms "tennis" and "court tennis" were first used. At that time, the game was played on open fields with just about any object that could be hit (including rocks) used as a ball. The umpire had no rules or regulations regarding fair play so violence was common. Games often ended when someone was too tired to continue fighting (or when the opponent gave up).
The first written reference to tennis occurs in 1649 when the sport was described by John Harington in A Metrical Version of the Psalms: "Behold the shippes at tennis court yeelding all parts of the sea." In 1711, William Bray published an essay entitled "Some Account of Cricket, Tennis, and Other Ball Games" which included illustrations of balls, bats, and courts from around the world. This is considered the first book on sports optics.
Tennis evolved from a medieval game called jeu de paume, which started in 12th century France. Initially played with the palm of the hand, rackets were introduced in the 16th century. The modern game as we know it today was developed in England by the 18th century.
Rackets were made out of wood until about 1750 when stringing techniques improved enough for the early rubberized strings to be used instead. In 1877, the first of many innovations in tennis technology occurred when George Thomas and Edward Bennett created an elastic netting that you could bounce a ball off of. Today's tennis balls are completely manufactured using this technique.
The first organized tennis tournament was held at the University of Oxford in 1845. The event was known as "Oxford and Cambridge Matches." It is believed that James Duffie invented the first lawn tennis racket in 1858. He sold his invention to William Harrison, who in turn sold it to Henry Taylor, the founder of Dunlop Sports. Thus, the sport we know today as tennis was actually born here in Britain!
Tennis ownership groups based in America began to emerge in the late 1940s. The best-known of these was the Bill Tilden Tennis Foundation, which owned and operated all professional tennis events until it was disbanded in 1971.
France Tennis evolved from a medieval game called jeu de paume, which began in 12th century France. Lawn tennis originated in England around 1815 when it was invented by Charles Frederick Worth, a French designer who had settled in London.
French artist and poet Paul Gauguin is often credited with bringing tennis to Tahiti. In 1893, he traveled to French Polynesia where he painted several pictures and wrote poetry. One of his poems, "Ta'aroa," is said to be a source of inspiration for Thomas Edison when he invents the phonograph. However, there is no evidence that Gauguin ever played tennis.
In any case, tennis soon became popular among the French colonialists in Polynesia and South America, so it's likely that it came to Tahiti along with Gauguin. Today, tennis is played worldwide but its origins are in Britain and France.