Hippikos Agon (Horse Races)-a key component of the ancient games. Tethrippon (four-horse chariot race) was added to the Olympic games in 680. Horses were expensive, and who could compete in horse races was limited. Involving 12 circuits around the hippodrome (horse track). The first man and the first horse into the stadium won their race. The last man and the last horse out of the stadium lost it.
The hippikos agon took place over two days. On the third day, the diaulos agon took place over one course with up to 20 horses starting together. The winner was the horse that finished last.
In Athens, only citizens with a yearly income of at least 3,000 drachmas (about $100,000 today) were allowed to own horses. So the race was not for common people but for rich owners. Even so, horses were still too expensive for most people so people used to ride on the back of other riders' horses or even on the back of goats or dogs.
Only males between 18 and 30 years old were allowed to participate in the hippikos agon. They had to be freeborn Athenians who had never been slaves. Their families had to be well-to-do enough to be able to afford horses. If an athlete was born poor or came from a family without much money, he probably would have participated in the diaulos agon instead.
The ancient Greek Olympics had chariot and mounted horse racing sports. In the Roman Empire, the sport was also immensely popular. Modern racing dates back to the 12th century, when English knights returned from the Crusades on speedy Arab horses.
For centuries, European riders dominated the sport, but in the late 19th century, American riders started to compete more aggressively, which led to the development of new races such as the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes. Today's horses are still bred for speed, but they are now also selected for other traits such as stamina, courage, and talent. The most famous horse race in the world is the Kentucky Derby, which is held each year at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky.
Other major players in the industry include owners, breeders, and drivers. Owners fund their horses' careers by investing money in them. Breeders produce faster or better horses by selective breeding. Drivers test their horses' nerves by racing them against other horses. Horses that win tend to be rewarded with more races and higher payouts. Those that lose may be discarded or used for meat.
Horses have played an important role in many cultures throughout history. They have been used for transportation, work, fun, and war. But perhaps more than anything else, they have been loved and cherished for their beauty.
Spectators flocked to watch as horse teams pushed two-wheeled cart drivers around a track with hairpin twists at each end. Chariot races were place in a specially constructed arena, known as a hippodrome, with poles marking the turning locations. Up to ten chariots raced at once, each drawn by two or four horse teams. The driver of each team had control of both horses using reins attached to a chariot wheel or stick. He could also use his hands to guide the animal's head.
Chariots were originally only used for entertainment but eventually they were adopted into the army as well. This new role brought money into the circus world and allowed charioteers to become celebrities of their time. Some even achieved real power by serving as advisors to kings and presidents.
In the United States, chariot racing was popular among the wealthy beginning in the 1820s. These races usually took place on Sunday afternoons between fifty and one hundred people at a time. The animals were trained to respond to the sound of a trumpet so that they could be released at a signal from their driver. If the horses got away from their handlers, there were nets set up at important points in the course to catch them.
The last official chariot race was held in England in 1863. But images of chariot races have been painted by many artists over the years.
Chariot racing was staged in the Hippodrome, an ancient Grecian arena for horse racing and chariot racing located in the southeast corner of Olympia. The original track was about 400 feet from east to west and 270 feet from north to south. It was constructed of stone brought from nearby mountains and was covered with asphalt later on.
The first documented chariot race in Greece was held at Athens in 554 B.C. During Roman times (27 B.C.-A.D. 395) the races were held annually in late February or early March at the Olympic Games. After that time they were only held intermittently at various dates but never again at Olympia.
In modern Greece, chariot races are held occasionally as part of local festivals or celebrations. They are usually held in town squares or other public venues during evening hours when it is dark. Spectators can either sit in the stands or watch from a distance while food and drinks are sold at temporary stalls set up for the event.
In America, chariot races have been held since the early 20th century at state fairs and county expositions throughout the year. However, most recently in 2016 they were held exclusively at the Trump National Doral Miami during July.
Equestrian Events: In ancient times, chariot racing was the most popular spectator sport. A race might have up to 40 chariots, and collisions were common. The driver of each chariot wore several layers of clothing to protect him from the heat of the sun and the cold of the weather. He also needed courage and skill to control the violently moving wagon with four strong horses attached at the back.
Chariots were made out of wood, covered in leather or cloth, and mounted on two wheels. They had a seat for one person, who drove them with a stick called a lash. There were three types of chariot racing in the Ancient Olympics: single-horse, two-horse, and four-horse.
In single-horse events, only one horse ran against another horse of similar size and breed. These races were held over various distances from 500 meters to a mile. The fastest horse won. Four-horse races were held over distances of about 1 kilometer (0.6 miles). Because horses are not naturally born to run, they need to be trained before they can compete successfully. Drivers used the whip to encourage their horses, just as they do today in horse shows. They also shouted commands to their horses in a high-pitched voice, because the Greeks believed that only humans could hear properly.
The historic Olympic Games are an international athletic competition held only once every four years. The first Olympics were held in Athens in 1896.
The ancient Greeks invented many things that have been used in modern society, such as democracy, philosophy, and mathematics. They also played an important role in the development of sport, particularly athletics. The Olympic Games are regarded as the highest achievement in sport.
The Olympic Games are the world's oldest continuous sporting event. The first games were held in Athens over 2500 years ago. Ever since then, they have been held only once every four years. This tradition has continued even after the original games had ended. Today, the Olympics are a major event with events for almost every type of sport you can think of: running, jumping, throwing, swimming, tennis, basketball, etc. There are also many other types of competitions such as artistic performances, demonstrations, and war games.
In 1894, a young Greek athlete named Spyridon Biniaris won the gold medal in the marathon race at the Paris Olympics. This marked the beginning of modern sports marketing.