The penalty area should be measured 13 yards (11.88m) by 32 yards from the goalpost's center (29.26m). The goal area must be 4 yards (3.65m) from the center of the goalpost and 14 yards (12.80m) wide.
The penalty box is an area on the field directly in front of the goal line where a player can be sent off for serious foul play. It is used to penalize players who bring the ball into the box or who attempt to score by kicking it against the wall of the box.
The penalty box is 20 feet long, 8 feet wide, and rises 3 feet above the turf. It is surrounded by a black border with white letters that read "Penalty Box".
There are two ways to score a penalty: you can take a kick at the ball or you can handball it into the opposing team's end zone. A player can be called for a direct free kick if he enters his opponent's end zone without being touched by a member of the other team after a fair catch signal has been given. If the player scores, then he gets to choose whether he want to take another free kick or return the ball into the field of play.
If a player takes a kick at the ball and misses, then he gets another chance by taking the free kick again.
The penalty mark is located 11 meters (or 12 yards) from the outer edge of the end line in front of the goal. (Note the dimensions from Law 1 of the Laws of the Game on the lower portion of this field diagram.) A penalty kick is taken by a player from between the lines, with the ball at his feet, facing the opposing goalkeeper.
There are two ways to score a penalty kick: by kicking it directly into the net or by chipping the goalkeeper with the ball. If a player misses the penalty kick, the opponent takes over and tries to score against the same player until he gets success or the time runs out. If a player scores a direct free kick then the opposition can appeal for a foul if they believe that the shot did not hit the arm or hand of a defender. If the referee agrees that the play was wrong then the free kick is re-taked from the spot where the original attempt was scored from.
An indirect free kick is given when the player who kicks off loses possession of the ball while taking a touch or while running with it. To receive an indirect free kick, the player must either be touched by a team-mate or catch the ball with both feet after it has been kicked away from the opponents' penalty box. If the player does not do so then he will be considered to have lost possession of the ball.
Where did the measurement for the penalty spot of 12 yards from the goal line come from? The 6-yard box is the little rectangle inside the area that is 6 yards out from the goal and begins 6 yards either side of the goal posts. By doubling the distance, we get to 12 yards.
The 12-yard box was introduced in England in 1955. The rule says that if a player charges into it when the ball is kicked, he will be penalized by the referee. Before then, there was no limit on how far a player could go after kicking the ball.
The reason for the 12-yard limit is to prevent players from going after the ball with their feet and to make sure that they don't use their arms or head while doing so. The aim is to give a fair game to both teams by not allowing any advantage by way of position or technique.
There have been attempts to reduce the size of the penalty zone over time, but these have never been adopted by most countries around the world.
Some people say that going for the penalty kick is outdated and unfair because not all players have the same ability as Roberto Baggio or Henrik Larsson and that if we wanted to see real skill then we should watch a soccer match instead. But others say that the penalty kick is an important part of the game and that nobody should be allowed to take it unless they have good reason.
The penalty spot (or penalty mark) is located within the penalty area, 11 metres (36 feet) or 12 yards from the goal line, right in line with the center of the goal. The penalty box is 5 meters (16 feet) long and 3 meters (10 feet) wide.
There are varying opinions about how far back a penalty spot can be placed from the goal line. The Laws of Football state that it must be positioned "at least 1.8 meters (6 feet) from the touchline extended." In practice, most stadiums have a penalty spot between 1.5 and 2 meters (5-7 feet) from the goal line. This allows for some room to place the ball into position without having to rush it.
A penalty is awarded by a referee when he believes a player has been fouled while going into the penalty area. The referee may indicate this by pointing to the spot on the field. The offender is given a free kick by the referee, who then signals for play to continue. If the foul was deliberate, the player will usually be sent off; if not, he will usually be given a yellow card (see below).
A free kick is taken by the opposing team after each goal is scored or when the referee signals for one.
The penalty mark (penalty spot) is measured 11 metres from the back end of the goal line, which is comparable to 12 yards. The figure below depicts the precise measurements of a penalty area, including the penalty mark.
The vertical distance between the penalty mark and the goal line is called the penalty box. It is 7 feet 6 inches, or 2.3 m, high. The horizontal distance from one goal post to the other is 10 feet 9 inches, or 3.4 m.
These measurements were established in order to comply with Football Rule XI, which states that the penalty area must be at least 10 by 20 feet and located between the penalty mark and the goal line. The rule was created to prevent defenders from peeking over the wall of the penalty box and to give opposing players of equal stature a chance of playing the ball.
In addition, the penalty box must be separated from the main playing area by an invisible but clearly marked line called the touchline. This prevents opponents from gaining an advantage by waiting until just before kickoff to cross the touchline into the penalty box.
Finally, the penalty box needs to be accessible for officials during breaks in play. This is why there are entrances/exits on both sides of the field near the penalty box.