Free-Throw Range The free-throw line is 15 feet horizontally from the plane of the front of the backboard, according to the NBA, NCAA, and National Federation of State High School Associations. On international courts, the free-throw line is 15.09 feet from the backboard. For metric users, that's 211.59 centimeters.
Baseline To calculate the distance to the baseline, first determine how far up the court you want to measure. In this case, we're measuring from the top of the key. A standard basketball has a height of about 42 inches, or 106.67 centimeters. So the baseline is about 42 inches away from the top of the key.
The baseline is made of white paint on the floor, so it should be easy to see. It's usually located just inside the border of the hardwood floor, but it can vary depending on where you place your logo or trademark. If you have a straight edge like a wall, you can use it as a guide to make sure that your baseline is flat and even.
You need to measure from the top of the key to the baseline with a ruler or yardstick. There are exactly 100 inches in a foot, so 1 inch equals 1/100th of a foot. You can also measure from the floor to the baseline with a tape measure or ruler. They key here is that you must be consistent.
A defensive player may stay in the lane for as long as he wants. A player who is fouled by another player may be awarded free throws, also known as foul shots. She shoots these shots (which aren't really "throws") from the free throw line at the end of the lane, about 15 feet from the hoop.
The free-throw line from the basketball hoop measures 15 feet (4.61 meters). To put the distance into context, it is roughly the length of a medium automobile. The free-throw line is 12 feet (3.7 meters) wide. In basketball, the length and width of this region are referred to as the "key."
15 feet The Foul Line: The "foul line" measurement for all courts is 15 feet from the foul line to the front of the backboard. This measurement is sometimes misinterpreted as being taken from the center of the basket to the front of the rim. It is not; it's from the foul line to the front of the board. If you reach over the foul line, you're too far away.
There are actually two foul lines in basketball; one is on each side of the court. These lines are just like the ones on soccer fields or tennis courts-they divide up the playing area into three equal parts. Only players with possession of the ball can touch it within 15 feet of the line; any further action results in a foul.
The term "foul line" comes from the fact that these divisions were originally painted foul lines on the court. Today's courts usually have white lines marking the boundaries of the playing area, but they function similarly to the old black lines. If no official lines are present, then players should use this rule as a guide: Balls thrown out of bounds are in play, so anyone who catches them may shoot at them until someone else does.
For example, if Kevin shoots from behind the 3-point line and misses, then Brandon would be allowed to throw the ball back in because there are no lines on the court to follow.