Mountain climbers refer to the high altitude where there is insufficient oxygen for humans to breathe as the death zone. This is often over 8,000 meters (26,247 feet). The death zone is where the majority of the 200+ climbers who have perished on Mount Everest have died.
The death zone is not a single spot but a large area with different levels of oxygen concentration. At the top of the zone, where there is still air enough for people to breathe, there are concentrations of about 21% oxygen. Near the bottom, where there is not enough oxygen, there is only a 5-10% concentration of oxygen.
Mount Everest's death zone is between 8,000 and 9,500 meters (26,249 and 29,542 feet) above sea level. It is divided into two sections: an upper section with fewer obstacles that can be climbed in a day and a lower section that requires more time and numerous attempts at summiting.
Climbers who reach the top of the upper section usually continue down the Hillary Step, which is a steep section of rock that lies just below the summit. The step is so named because Sir Edmund Hillary, who was leading the first successful ascent of Mount Everest, used his arms to help his climbing partner, Iain Cameron, up it. Cameron had difficulty getting up the step, however, and fell back down to Earth. He died from his injuries days later.
Zone of death It's known as the "death zone." Climbers must allow their bodies time to adjust to higher elevations in order to prepare. As a result, they usually spend many weeks ascending Mount Everest. Every few thousand feet, they come to a halt to rest. They've entered the death zone when they reach 26,247 feet (8,000 meters). The brain loses oxygen more quickly at high altitude so a person who enters the death zone will begin to experience symptoms of hypoxia—a lack of oxygen—such as headache, insomnia, and nausea.
The danger zone is actually between 2800 and 3000 meters above sea level. Above that elevation, there is no safe way to climb Mount Everest.
The highest mortality rate occurs between base camp and summit. During this period, climbers are making their final push toward the top of the mountain, which can take several days. They may be exhausted, injured, or unaccustomed to the effects of high altitude. Many die from exposure or heart attacks caused by the body's attempt to fight off infection while it recovers at lower altitudes.
Previous generations of climbers relied on bottled oxygen to survive in the death zone. Today, however, almost all climbers rely on supplemental oxygen during these stages of the expedition. The reason for this shift is that modern medicine has come up with ways to treat infections and other injuries that would have killed people years ago.
When climbing some of the world's biggest mountains, you reach the "death zone" about 8,000 meters above sea level, when oxygen is 34% of what it is on the ground below. At this point, serious climbers become ice axers to help find safe passage over dangerous sections of glacier.
The death zone is defined as the region of a mountain where survival depends on breathing equipment. At this height, the air is too thin for normal human lungs to process without difficulty. You need special equipment to breathe at these heights. The dead zone starts at an altitude of about 8,000 meters (26,250 feet), depending on how fast you climb.
At these heights, the weather is also extreme. It can be cold enough to freeze your blood in minutes and rain or snow can come out of nowhere. Winds can rise up to 250 kilometers per hour (155 miles per hour).
There are only two ways to escape the death zone: by going down or adding more oxygen to your breathable air. Climbers who make it down from beyond the death zone usually did so because they used their supplies too quickly and had to descend to lower levels to re-oxygenate their bodies. Alternately, they could have brought additional oxygen with them.
It's known as the "death zone." At that point, oxygen levels in their blood are below 20 percent.
The term "death zone" was coined by Sir Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay during their first ascent of Mount Everest in 1953. Before this achievement, no one had ever reached the top of the world alive.
In fact, Hillary feared for his life every step of the way up the mountain. He knew that if something were to happen to him, then his team would not be able to return to base camp without help. So he decided to invent a name for the part of the mountain where they stopped to rest.
He came up with the phrase "death zone" because there is very little food or water on Mount Everest and any climber who gets into trouble has a good chance of dying.
Additionally, temperatures can plummet to -60 degrees F (-50 degrees C) or lower at high altitudes. The thin air makes it harder for the body to function properly. Most people who die on Mount Everest do so because of exposure or hunger.
The summit of Everest is 5.5 miles above sea level. Climbers must cross the "death zone" to reach the peak, which is more than 26,000 feet above sea level and where the body cannot acquire enough oxygen. In less than a day, a person's blood reaches 95% humidity, causing Icy Hands and Feet.
The average height of men who climb Everest is around 6 feet 1 inch (185 cm). Women are on average about 5 feet 2 inches (160 cm) tall. The youngest person to climb Everest was 22 years old; the oldest, 56. Hillary, the father of modern mountaineering, died at the age of 71 while trying to save another climber. He had been climbing with his son Edmund when he suffered a heart attack near the top of the mountain.
There are several routes to the top of Everest. The standard route takes about six to seven weeks to complete. It starts at base camp and climbs through five different camps before reaching the top. A faster route that misses one camp and goes directly to the top in four days has been done by elite climbers as a challenge. It is called the "fastest known human achievement."
Mount Everest is a giant mountain located in Asia. It is the highest point on Earth outside of space.