12 meter fan: a semicircle in front of the goal used for minor foul administration. The ref blows his whistle and two players from each team take a penalty shot. The player with the ball takes one step forward and then swings the ball hard into the net to score a goal or kick it past the goalie to score an own goal.
The purpose of the fan is to give both teams an opportunity to play. If someone gets sent off before either team has had a chance to play their fair share, then they will get a 5 minute added on to the end of the game. This gives the other team a chance to replace the player that was sent off.
There are two ways that you can be sent off: by getting a second yellow card (an automatic red) or by being given a direct free kick by the referee. If you are given a direct free kick then the opposing team will be able to leave their goalkeeper on the field. If they choose to bring him off, then you get a replacement goalkeeper.
A lot of people think that if you get a second yellow card then you will be leaving the game, this is not true.
The 12-meter fan and the 8-meter arc are the two lines that surround the goal. Major fouls committed by the defense within its 8-meter range result in an offensive possession. The fouled player goes to the nearest hash mark on the arc. If he is still in range, he can shoot again.
During a stoppage in play due to a foul, the opposing team will "ice" the ball, which means that they will wear gloves while waiting for the referee to call them back into play. This gives the opposing players time to get into position without being able to punch the ball or use any other techniques that would risk a penalty shot if they were not careful.
When a team gets the ball near the goal, it is usually tries to score. There are several ways that they can do this including shooting, passing, and drawing penalties. A player from the opposing team may try to stop them by committing a foul. If the player who committed the foul is not penalized, then the team with the ball can go ahead quickly and score a goal before their opponent can react.
If a team doesn't have the ball but has space outside of its defensive zone, then it can shoot. The goal area is defined as between the faceoff circle and the center line extended. A player can shoot at any time during gameplay provided that he has possession of the ball.
Pause, repeat after me: First, we'll look at the '16 yard hit,' sometimes known as the '16' for short. The 16 yard hit is a free hit for the defense that occurs 16 yards (14.63 meters) from the base line when an opposing player smacks the ball over the base line or commits a foul within the shooting circle. This is one of the few hits that can be called without penalty. If you are not familiar with other parts of ice hockey, don't worry about it. It's pretty simple stuff and pretty unimportant unless you happen to be one of the many, many fans who enjoy ice hockey.
Now that we have the basics out of the way, let's go over some general guidelines for giving and taking 16 yard punches in ice hockey. There are two ways to give a 16 yard punch: with your open hand or with your closed fist. If you give a punch with your open hand, you will get back up after being punched in the chest, but if you give a punch with your closed fist, you will stay down. It is best not to give a closed-fist punch because it is easier to get away with giving a open-hand punch and harder to fight back if someone tries to kick you while you're on the ground.
It is legal to take a 16 yard punch from any direction as long as it is above the waist. You must give a fair return punch; otherwise, you will be assessed a minor penalty.
Shot at Penalty Shot: 7 meters.
Why 7 meters? The IAAF has set the standard for shot put in athletics by requiring athletes to reach 7 metres (or 23 feet) in order to clear the bar. The rule was adopted after studies showed that most athletes would break off a piece of wood, metal, or bone in an attempt to improve their score. The IAAF felt that limiting athletes only to throwing clean shots would prevent them from using any kind of projectile as a weighting device.
Who is the current world record holder? Alexander Popov has held the men's shot put record since 1995, when he threw 68.5 meters (225 feet 10 inches) at a competition in Moscow. This is nearly 2 meters (6 feet 8 inches) more than the previous record. Women's shot put is also measured from the foul line to the floor instead of out to 2 meters. Jenny Simpson holds this record with a distance of 21 feet 3 inches. It took place in Rio de Janeiro and was held in 2016.
Technical fouls are minor violations that result in a 30-second penalty box visit or a change of possession. Crease infractions, offsides, holding, and warding are all examples of fouls. Offsides occur when there are an excessive number of attacking or defensive players on one side of the field. A free kick is awarded to the opposing team if they receive the ball with more than 10 men on their side of the field. A flagrant 2 foul calls for a suspension for the next game for the player who was assessed this penalty. There are three types of flags: automatic, delayed, and safety.
An automatic technical foul will end the current half if it is called by the referee while the ball is in play. If the official calls a foul during dead ball situations such as free throws or after rebounds have been secured, then another 30-second period begins. This can be avoided by having seven players on the court, except for goalkeepers.
A delayed technical foul will not end the current half until the following day. The referee signals the start of the second half by blowing his whistle twice. Delayed technicals are used when there is some sort of confusion on the court that could be resolved at a later time. For example, if a fight breaks out during basketball game, then the referee could call a delayed technical so players can take care of business without affecting the outcome of the game.