In basketball, a cut is a quick motion or change of direction on the court to evade a defensive player with the goal of becoming open on the floor. Cutting differs from screening in that screening involves numerous players, whereas cutting is more of an individual technique. Cuts are used as part of defensive schemes by coaches who want their players to be alert for potential open shots.
There are two types of cuts: back-cuts and side-cuts. In both cases, once the cutter has made his or her move, it is up to them to find an open teammate who can shoot or pass the ball. Coaches may call for specific types of cuts based on what type of defense they are trying to run. For example, if they want their players to stay home on the perimeter, then they will usually tell them to "stay home" upon receiving the ball. This means that no matter what, you must either shoot or pass the ball within seconds after getting it.
Cuts are very important for any team that wants to be successful. If your teammates can't shoot or pass, there are plenty of people out there who can! Even though defenses try to stop these moves, teams can often figure out how to avoid them. That's why it is so important for players not only to know how to make themselves available for cuts, but also to do so intelligently.
A cut is a cross-batted attempt at a short-pitched ball that is placed wide on the off side. The batsman makes touch with the ball as it pulls alongside or passes him, requiring almost no effort on his part to deflect the ball using the bowler's pace. If successful, he will be given room to work with and will often take a single to bring up the winning run.
Cut shots are used by batsmen when they feel that the ball is not going to pitch outside the off stump. It is difficult to connect such balls with conventional strokes and so batsmen usually choose to play them down the ground or over long-off for four. A number of techniques can be used to execute a cut shot; some common ones include: standing back and cutting straight down into the ground, stepping out sideways to cut the ball past mid-wicket, and pulling your body back before hitting through the line strung out across long-on.
In cricket, a cutter is a fast bowler who specializes in bowling cut shots. This is because it is difficult to connect with conventional strokes and so batsmen usually choose to play them down the ground or over long-off for four. Some famous cutters include Malcolm Marshall, Courtney Walsh, Jason Gillespie, and Simon Jones.
During game situations, players may be required to execute cut shots in order to avoid being hit out of the attack.
A cut block and a chop block are distinguished by a single distinction. Both include a blocker lunging at the defender's lower body. A chop block is essentially a cut block that occurs while a defender is already being blocked by another player. Bob McKittrick was the first to use cut blocks. Today, they are used frequently by coaches as well as players.
The blocker uses the cut block by jumping with both feet into the chest or stomach of the opposing player. This causes the defender to lose his or her balance and fall backward, allowing the ball-carrier to continue downfield.
Chop blocks are used primarily as a means of extending a play. For example, if a player is being tackled behind the line of scrimmage, another player can chop him or her out of the way so that the ball-carrier has more room to run. Or, if a player is being tackled in front of the line of scrimmage, another player can chop him or her out of the way so that the ball-carrier has space to run around the tackle. There are two basic ways to perform a chop block: a high one and a low one. The position of the arm used to execute the block determines which technique is employed; for example, if the blocker's arm is raised high above his or her head, he or she is using the high chop block. Otherwise, the chop block is performed with an underhand motion.
In football, a "cut block" is a play in which an offensive lineman tackles a defensive player below the waist in an attempt to knock him down and prevent him from getting to the ball carrier. The term comes from the fact that the player making the block uses his arm and shoulder to "cut" down the opposing player.
On offense, the line wants to either run or pass. If they want to run, they will try to establish a solid running game with various types of runs including the straight ahead run, the sweep left/right, and the dive. They will also use misdirection plays such as the roll out, the toss, and the pistol formation. On passing plays, the quarterback will usually look for a receiver downfield, but sometimes he will just throw the ball away if there are no open receivers.
On defense, the only thing you can do is stop the opposition from scoring any points. This is called "defending the goal line". You do this by either stopping them with tackles or by forcing them out of bounds at the end zone boundary. If they manage to get into the end zone, then you have let them down because you could have stopped them but didn't. This is why it is important for defenders to stick with their men on sweeps and dives where they may not get to the ball carrier.
Golf tournament fields are bigger than the total number of spots paid out. A cut is used to decide which players will advance to the weekend and, as a result, qualify to earn a payment from the tournament based on their finish position. The player who ranks lowest among those remaining plays over the next day or two to determine whether they remain in the tournament at all.
The most common type of cut is called the "cutoff". At a golf tournament that uses this system, everyone who finishes inside the top nth percentile (where n is usually between 100 and 150) qualifies for the payouts. Those who don't make the cutoff are eliminated from further consideration.
The reason there is a cutoff is so that only the best golfers remain in the tournament. If everyone who entered the tournament were guaranteed a place in the final group, no one would have an incentive to do well after entering. Also, with more people participating in golf tournaments, the better players are likely to find other opportunities to win money. Having a cutoff ensures that these higher-ranking players stay in enough events to continue finding good opportunities to win money.
There are several other types of cuts used by different golf tournaments. For example, some tournaments allow you to improve your score each day in order to keep playing. These are called "replay" cuts because you can replay the previous day's round under new rules.