If A receives two yellow cards in an English Premier League match, he will miss the following Premier League match but will be able to play in the Champions League because it is a different event. If a player obtains a straight red card, he or she will miss the following two league matches but can participate in another event. There are no games affected by a player receiving a caution and then being sent off.
In addition to these effects that apply across all competitions, each club has the right to suspend a player for three matches if he receives two yellow cards in one season. This would also apply if a player received three yellow cards in one season or four within two seasons. However, there have been cases where players have continued into their next season when they had two or more cards issued against them.
Players who receive a second yellow card during the course of the season are usually given a third chance to redeem themselves by continuing into the next game. However, if a player continues after receiving a second card and is sent off, they will be banned for three matches. While a player is suspended, another member of the team can be drafted in to replace him.
A ban on a player appearing before the Disciplinary Committee may be reduced to a fine if he can provide proof of having sought treatment for an injury which led to his dismissal. The player does not need to tell the committee about the reason for his dismissal if this information is available elsewhere.
A player can receive many yellow cards. It is quite conceivable for a player to receive not one, but two yellow cards in any soccer game. After committing an infraction that earns a yellow card, a player may subsequently commit another offense that likewise warrants a yellow card. When a player receives three yellow cards, he is sent off the field of play and cannot be substituted for until the end of the match.
Only the referee has the power to decide whether a player has received too many yellow cards and thus deserves to be sent off. If a player complains about being shown a third yellow card, the only way around this would be if the referee was wrong or was acting unfairly towards him.
It is possible, but very rare for a player to receive four yellow cards in a single match. The last player to do so was Wayne Rooney in a Premier League game between Manchester United and Liverpool on 16 May 2011. He was later given a five-match ban by the English Football Association after it found evidence of trying to win a second booking.
The most ever yellow cards received by one player in a single match is three, which Alex Hunter achieved during a Scottish Cup tie between St Mirren and East Stirlingshire on 26 January 1972.
A player who receives a red card is immediately removed from the pitch and is not permitted to return for the duration of the game. They are also suspended beginning with the next game. If a player earns two yellow cards in the same game, making one red card, they are then removed from the field.
The reason that players receive only two chances instead of three is because it is assumed that they will be sent off. Therefore, it is unnecessary to show such leniency towards them.
In addition to being removed from the game, players who receive a red card are also banned for a certain number of games, depending on the severity of the offense. If the player commits an indirect free kick against them, then they will be unavailable for at least four games; if they commit a direct free kick, then they will be unavailable for at least eight games.
Suspensions can be reduced by using up vacation time or by appealing the decision. However, once a suspension has been served, the player cannot change this fact even if it means forfeiting money or prizes. For example, if a player who has already served a one-match suspension picks up another caution, they will have to serve another match before returning to the field.
Red cards are most often given out for serious offenses such as spitting at an opponent or violent conduct. Sometimes less serious offenses lead to red cards being issued as well.