If both teams' penalty shots have been taken and the score is deadlocked, 11 players from each side will line up to take penalty shots until one team scores and the other does not. It's sudden death after five penalties, therefore there's a lower chance of this happening.
An agreement was reached between the NHL and the NHL Players Association before the start of the 2005-06 season to reduce the total number of penalties in each game from five to two minutes for the first four minutes of play followed by two consecutive power plays. The new rule change went into effect on September 27, 2005.
In addition, prior to the beginning of each season, the league announces which penalty will be removed during overtime. (The original five-minute major penalty was replaced with a direct penalty to the next man down the ice.)
A player can also be assessed a minor penalty for various infractions such as holding, hooking, elbowing, and checking from behind. Minor penalties do not result in a stoppage of play but instead give the opposing team a chance to attack while the offending player is being disciplined by the officials. A minor penalty can be served by a player any time during play; however, if charged with a major penalty, the player must wait until the end of the period to serve it.
If the teams are still tied after the initial number of penalties in the penalty shoot-out, the game moves to sudden death penalties, in which each team takes one more penalty, and the process is repeated until only one side scores, resulting in the game's victory. This has happened twice in World Cup history: once in 1930 when Sweden defeated Switzerland, and again in 1954 when Germany beat France.
The most recent example of this phenomenon occurred during the quarterfinals of the 2010 World Cup between the Netherlands and England. Both teams were level at 10 penalties each after 120 minutes of play. The Dutch won 4-3 on penalties after both teams missed their first two attempts. This means that there will be no extra time played before either Argentina or Colombia wins its quarterfinal match tomorrow night.
The same thing happened in another quarterfinal last year between Spain and Italy. After 90 minutes of normal time had been played, it was tied 3-3. Then, they moved onto penalties where both countries missed their first two attempts before Spain won 5-4.
So, there you have it! If the score is level after 90 minutes of playing and then continues into extra time, then the game will go straight to a penalty shoot-out. Good luck to all nations taking part in this year's World Cup!
If the teams are still tied after the initial number of penalties in a penalty shootout, the game moves to sudden-death penalties, when each team takes one more penalty, and the process is repeated until only one side scores, resulting in the game's victory. The losing team is given the opportunity to save face by defeating their opponent during sudden death overtime.
The most famous sudden-death penalty in football history took place at the 1974 World Cup final between the two remaining European powers, Germany and Italy. With just over ten minutes left to play and Germany leading 1-0, they were awarded a free kick 30 yards from the Italian goal. The highly regarded German player Klaus Fischer stepped up to take the free kick, but he missed high and the ball fell to Karl-Heinz Rummenigge who scored an own goal to make it 1-1. Germany then had a corner, but this time it was Italy who scored with a header by Gianni Rivera right at the end of the first extra period to win the match 2-1 and claim their first world title.
Germany went on to finish second at the tournament behind Argentina, who won its third title. Italy also finished second but lost in a play-off match against West Germany. Both countries were ranked among the top five nations in the world at the time of the tournament.
Sudden death penalties can happen in other sports too.