Football rule forbids two balls on the field at the same time, thus the referee normally stops play and then discards the additional ball before restarting play. The referee assessed that the second ball had no effect on the game since the players who were focused on the ball on the opposite side of the area missed it. No penalties are awarded for this incident.
In fact, this has happened several times in international games. All such instances are reported by the referees as "discarded balls" and they count against the number of legal balls in order to determine how much overage there is on each side of the field. If the excess number is greater than zero, then penalties are awarded to either team. Otherwise, the game continues with only one ball per side.
This article deals solely with what happens if two balls are on the field in general circumstances. If you are discussing what happens if two players are on the field at the same time, see Collision above.
The rules are very clear on this issue: "If more than one ball is present, the referee must discard one of them."
There are three ways in which a ball can become detached from its pack: when it is kicked out of the stadium, brought out by a red card penalty or thrown in from the stands.
If the ball goes out-of-bounds and was last touched simultaneously by two opponents, both of whom are inbounds or out-of-bounds, or if the official is unsure, or if the officials disagree, play is restarted by a jump ball between the two engaged players in the nearest restraining circle. The player with the ball is awarded possession. If there is no clear winner after five jumps, the referee has the option of calling a time out to allow for additional players to be inserted into the game.
There are several reasons why the ball may go out of bounds: 1 The player who had the ball is hit by an opposing player; 2 The player is injured by an opposing player; 3 The player deliberately throws the ball out of bounds. In all cases, play continues with a new ball. It is important to note that any player who is off limits due to being penalized or otherwise unable to continue can't take part in the jump ball session; instead they receive a free throw from the field goal line.
The jump ball is used to decide which team gets the opportunity to shoot one more time before the end of the period. This occurs if the teams are still tied at the end of regulation time (five minutes per half). In this case, each team gets one chance to score a touchdown (field goal if less than ten yards to go). The team with the most points at the end of the match wins.
When this occurs by mistake, there is no penalty, and the player must typically accept the outcome, whether favorable or unfavorable, and continue to play the ball from where it comes to rest. Rule 11 also prohibits a player from using purposeful steps to influence where a ball in motion may come to rest.
Thus, if a player commits any infringement while playing with the ball, the referee will call "offside". If the offside rule is applied and the player is found to be offside, then there is no further action required by the referee. The player can continue with his/her play.
However, if the player was not offside but committed another infringement while playing with the ball, then he/she would receive a yellow card and have a break of about five minutes added to their next stoppage time. After this period, if they have not received a free kick, then they are considered to be offside again and the process repeats itself until either the player is sent off or the referee decides that enough players are involved in the game without penalizing either side.
There is no specific area on the field where the ball must go to determine whether or not it is alive or dead. However, because balls tend to roll toward the center line of the field, most referees consider the ball to be dead when it comes to rest behind the center line.
According to Law 9 of the game (Ball in and out of play), if the ball meets the referee (or an assistant) during the game, there is no halt in play if the contact does not result in a turnover or goal. However, authorities are anticipated to arrange themselves in such a way that this is improbable.
In fact, since the 1970s, referees have been allowed to wear body cameras at major tournaments like the World Cup to record incidents that might otherwise go unaddressed. These videos are used as evidence in cases where violations may not be apparent from just watching the game. They can also help officials improve their performance by seeing how they are being judged by others outside of the playing field.
Body cameras are becoming more common among sports officials. At the 2018 World Cup in Russia, officials were given access to such cameras during the tournament. This was done to increase transparency and avoid issues such as those encountered by Geoff Hurst when he alleged that he had scored a hat-trick in England's 4-3 victory over Germany in 1953 without photographic proof. While Hurst's claim was later proven true after the release of photos from that day's match, this type of evidence has helped him maintain his reputation as the first player to score at three different World Cups.