A collegiate athlete who is barred from competing on the varsity level for a year in order to extend eligibility. Such a student must wear a red shirt during that period. The practice dates back to the early years of college football when players would not risk injury and dropped out of games or practice. They would be replaced by a student substitute who was allowed to play without losing eligibility.
The term "red shirt" came into use around 1920. Before then, such students were simply referred to as "walk-ons". They would wear white shirts for the rest of the season if they remained walk-ons. If they were later offered a spot on the team, they would be given red ones. Nowadays, many schools with big sports programs have a group of special red shirts that can be used when one player gets injured or misses time. For example, if a player went down during a game, the coach could grab any one of those shirts and replace him.
In modern football, players wear black jerseys with helmets and face masks for their first game of the season. If they remain on the roster, they are given red jerseys for their next game. If they then stay on the field for another game, they will be given orange jerseys for their third game, and so on.
A student athlete may attend courses at a college or university, practice with an athletic team, and dress for a game during a redshirt year, but he or she may not compete during the game. A redshirt year can be spent playing basketball, football, or any other sport as well as studying at school.
The number of redshirt years that a student-athlete can accumulate are limited by the NCAA. A player can wear a red shirt year after year after year if they choose, but once their season starts they cannot wear black anymore unless they want to lose all those games (which nobody does). The number of redshirt years a student-athlete can use in their career is known as their "season". For example, if a player uses up his or her four seasons then stops competing, then they will have used up their entire redshirt season allotment and will have to play this year's games as a regular student until they graduate or drop below GVSU's eligibility requirements for athletes.
There are some exceptions to the rule about wearing black clothes when you are on campus, such as for exams or special events like pep rallies. In these cases, players can wear white shirts as long as they have another black item (hat, jacket, sweater) to go along with it.
When a team offers a player admission on scholarship at the start of the second semester, following the next season, this is referred to as a grayshirt. After that, the athlete will have five years to play four seasons, with the option to redshirt at some time. Athletes who grayshirt can enroll as students. When an athlete drops out of school, they risk being forced to repay their tuition if they want to keep their athletic eligibility. Otherwise, they would need to return to school to clear their name.
The term comes from the fact that these athletes wear gray uniforms during those months they are not playing. The intention is to give them extra training and experience and allow them to find a place on a roster at a later date. Some players benefit mentally by going through this process, while others lose interest in football or change schools. But it's common for recruits to grayshirt because there are only so many spots on a roster and coaches like to give other players opportunities to prove themselves.
Gray-shirted players are not officially absent from competition. They are simply waiting for another player to get injured or drop out. Then they will be given the chance to start for the team. Sometimes these players even take over for injured players or starters who are out for the year/season with an injury.
During World War II, many men from behind the front lines wanted to show their support for their soldiers by buying war bonds.
The Junior Group 2 team is known as Red Bull Racing Germany or simply Red Bull Racing.
The team was founded in 2010 by Austrian entrepreneur Dietrich Mateschitz who also owns soccer club Red Bull Salzburg and ice hockey team Red Bull New York. The team is based in Boeblingen, near Stuttgart. Red Bull Racing runs under a joint venture with Renault Sport Technologies.
They have won two world championships in their first two years of racing: 2011 Formula Renault 3.5 Series and 2012 FIA Formula Two Championship.
In 2013 they added another title when they took out the GP3 Series championship. And now they are going for their third consecutive championship.
Their drivers include former single-seater champions such as Max Verstappen (NED - 20), Daniel Ricciardo (AUS - 23) and Vergne (FRA - 24). Former grand prix driver Franck Montagny is the team's manager.
Red Bull Racing Germany has one of the most successful junior programs in F1.
/en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penalty card. A red card denotes the ejection of a player or team official and can be issued by the referee. A red card is most commonly shown to players who argue with officials or use abusive language towards them. In some sports, including association football and rugby union, a red card may also be issued for serious foul play such as kicking a opponent while down on the field.
In tennis, a red flag serves as a warning that a ball is about to be hit into the audience area, which requires a player or umpire to leave his or her position. If this occurs without notification, the score is changed to match the number of balls remaining in the game. A yellow flag indicates that the ball has been spotted in an unsafe manner (e.g., with the feet). This does not require any action to be taken by the umpire; however, he or she may give a verbal warning if there is reason to do so. A green flag means that the ball is in play and that the player may return it.
In basketball, when the ball is visible to the referee, he/she will often blow the whistle to indicate that play has resumed.