After a concussion, an athlete may develop one of two forms of post-traumatic amnesia (PTA): anterograde (lower capacity to construct new memories) and/or retrograde (partial or total loss of the ability to recall events before injury). These terms are used to describe how severely an individual remembers events leading up to and following their injury. The presence of PTA indicates that further assessment by a physician is needed.
Anterograde amnesia can be caused by severe head injuries that damage the brain cells responsible for encoding new memories. In these cases, the patient cannot form new long-term memories. However, recent memories are not affected and the patient can still recognize family members and other people they know well. An example would be a football player who has a concussion and loses his memory of the game until several hours after it has been played. This type of injury can also lead to problems with judgment and reasoning skills.
Retrograde amnesia occurs when there is damage to the parts of the brain that are responsible for storing recent memories. In this case, the patient can remember events prior to their injury but cannot recall experiences since their last visit to the doctor. For example, a patient might remember playing football in high school but could not recall what grade he was in or how his parents felt about his being drafted by a professional team.
What are the signs and symptoms of post-traumatic amnesia?
Concussions caused by head trauma, whether from a vehicle accident or sports, can cause disorientation and difficulty recalling new knowledge. This is especially prevalent during the first few weeks of rehabilitation. Mild head injuries seldom result in long-term amnesia, while severe head injuries can result in permanent amnesia.
Dementia usually refers to memory problems that interfere with a person's daily life. It can be due to disease or aging, but not all cases of memory loss meet the criteria for dementia. Familiar faces may seem familiar but not being able to recall what they are when asked could be due to familiarity rather than true memory loss.
Amnesia can also be due to mental illness. Psychogenic amnesia is memory loss caused by a psychological factor such as depression or anxiety. This type of amnesia often recovers on its own after several months.
A 36-year-old woman who had never experienced any symptoms of depression before was brought into the emergency room by her husband because she did not remember getting into an argument with him earlier that day. She said she remembered everything up until the moment when he pulled her out of her car because she couldn't find her keys.
A state of bewilderment or memory loss that happens soon after a severe brain injury is known as post-traumatic amnesia. The wounded individual is bewildered and unable to recall events that transpired after the accident, and they may be unable to state their identity, location, and time, among other things.
This condition can last from a few hours to several months, depending on the severity of the injury. Post-traumatic amnesia can be temporary or permanent.
Those who experience temporary post-traumatic amnesia have lost their memory for events that took place before the trauma but regained it later. Those who suffer from permanent post-traumatic amnesia do not recover this memory later on. Memory problems are also called amnesias. Amnesia can happen for reasons other than a brain injury; for example, it can be caused by drug abuse, alcohol intoxication, or other illnesses or disorders that affect the brain.
People who have post-traumatic amnesia often claim that time seems to be standing still while they are experiencing the event again and again in their mind's eye. They may say that they can hear voices or see strange images during these times. When the episode ends, they can't remember what happened during it.
The brain uses different methods to store memories. Some memories are kept in our minds all the time and need no storage at all, such as where we left our keys or what day it is.
Memories generated prior to the beginning of amnesia are affected by retrograde amnesia. Someone suffering from retrograde amnesia following a catastrophic brain injury may be unable to recall what happened in the years, if not decades, preceding the injury.
In addition, memories that were formed after the onset of symptoms but before the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease or some other form of dementia are called anterogradely impaired memories. These individuals can still think and reason like everyone else, but they are unable to form new memories due to cognitive impairment.
People who suffer from retrograde amnesia cannot form new memories because the hippocampus, which is responsible for encoding new memories, is damaged. There are several different types of memory that can be altered by retrograde amnesia including personal identity, self-awareness, sense of time, and memory for past events.
The inability to form new memories due to hippocampal damage also means that people with this condition cannot learn new things; therefore, they experience growth as a person over time but cannot recollect it. In other words, they have no recollection of having learned certain skills or acquired new information over time.
Some patients with severe head injuries may develop retrograde amnesia. This occurs when current memory traces are erased and replaced with memories from earlier periods in their lives.
Distinguish between the two forms of amnesia. You can't remember new knowledge if you have anterograde amnesia. You can, however, recall knowledge and events that occurred previous to your injury. Retrograde amnesia is the polar opposite: you lose recollection for events that occurred before to the trauma.
People with anterograde amnesia cannot form new memories. They can only learn by watching and listening. If someone has anterograde amnesia, they will not be able to form new memories of everyday life experiences. Instead, they will rely on those around them to tell them what to do and how to act like everyone else. They will also miss out on learning new things because they were unable to observe or experiment with their environment.
Those who suffer from retrograde amnesia will forget everything that happened before the incident. This could include any familiar people or places. After suffering through this trauma, they will be unable to form new memories of their past lives as well.
It's important to note that both types of amnesia are permanent. There is no cure for amnesia at this time. However, doctors may be able to help patients with retrograde amnesia remember their past lives by stimulating their brains using neurostimulation devices. These devices use electricity to send signals to the brain, allowing it to function again like it did prior to the accident.