Scotland The initial regulations were developed in Scotland and legally recognized as the "Rules in Curling" by the Grand Caledonian Curling Club, which was founded in Edinburgh in 1838 and became the sport's governing body. The rules include specifications for the size of the ice surface and the type of stone used by the player to sweep the ice in order to knock over frozen balls of wool with a hammer.
Curling is now played worldwide in many different languages. It is known by various names including "assal" in Afghanistan, "burns" in Australia, "brandywine" in Canada, "caupona" in Italy, "chablonki" in Poland, "kurling" in Sweden, and "Nippon kōi" in Japan.
The first recorded match of modern curling was played at the University of Cambridge on January 11, 1653. Two stones were used instead of four, and the object was not to get all your own rocks in but rather to prevent your opponent from doing so. The winner was decided by throwing a pebble into a pond to determine who would be master of ceremonies at a wedding the next day. Although this early version of the game was quite similar to what we know today, it wasn't called "curling" then and there were no rules other than not to hit your opponent's rocks.
In Scotland, the Grand Caledonian Curling Club was founded. The first curling rules were written in 2005: Women's and Men's Curling Championships. Curling has been dubbed the "roarin' game," with the "roar" stemming from the noise made by a granite stone as it moves over the ice. The sport originated in Scotland but has spread worldwide.
The first world championship was held at the end of 2004 in Scotland. The event is so called because it is contested by countries instead of individuals or teams. There are two types of events at the world championships: gold medal games and final round matches. In gold medal games, only one team plays against the clock while the rest of the field is inactive. In final round matches, all fields play each other simultaneously.
The tournament is split into three stages: Group stage, knockout stage and final ranking stage. During the group stage, which runs for eight days, each country is assigned a number of opponents based on their overall record. They then play against each other within their group, with the top finishers from each group going through to the knockout stage.
In the knockout stage, there are four rounds called groups. Each team will be assigned a group based on their placement in the group stage. The group winner is determined in a single-elimination format where the highest ranked team not yet playing knocks out the lower ranked team. The last remaining team wins the group.
Curling is a bizarre and unusual sight for many sports enthusiasts all around the world. However, it has been a part of life in Scotland for generations. For the past two decades, Scottish curlers have made it a successful Olympic sport for Britain, as well as a popular spectator activity. The first official Olympic curling competition was held at Paris in 1892. As you can see, this ancient sport isn't going anywhere.
The history of curling in Scotland dates back more than 1000 years. It was originally known as "Curlie" and was used by farmers to get rid of weeds between their crops. They would send a team of men out into the fields with bags of rocks (called "bougets") to destroy any unwanted plants they came across. As time passed, these men weren't sent out into the fields every day, so they invented a game that could be played indoors. This is how we come to use the word "curler".
In 1753, a man by the name of James Young established the first curling club in Europe. There are now over 100 such clubs in Scotland alone, with more being formed all the time. Curling is becoming more popular in Scotland thanks in large part to the fact that it is no longer necessary to be a farmer to play it. Anybody who is interested can join a club and have fun with friends old and new.
Speaking of Olympic sports, curling seems to have a special interest during this year's games, and it's a sport that many people are probably unaware originates in the United Kingdom. When an ancient pond at Dunblane, Scotland, was drained, a 1511 curling stone was discovered. This is now housed in the Scottish Curling Museum and World Headquarters in Charlottetown.
The modern game of curling was developed much later by George Hudson and his friends as a means of keeping fit and having fun after work. The first recorded match of what we know today as curling took place in 1744 between two teams from London's Waterloo Place. It was not until more than 100 years later that the world's first official curling tournament was held in Aspen, Colorado. The event was so popular that it has been held every year since then, except for 1941 when it was not held because of money problems.
Today, curling is an Olympic sport and there are four types of round-robins: men's, women's, junior (ages 13 to 18), and wheelchair (those with physical disabilities). Each team consists of five players, who each throw seven stones (or pointers) per end while a skip manages the draw. The object is to score points by throwing your rocks into the opposing team's house or pit.
The World Curling Federation Secretariat relocated from Edinburgh to Perth, Scotland, in May 2000. Wheelchair curling debuted in the World Handi Ski Championships in Crans-Montana, Switzerland, in 2000. Switzerland and Sweden were the only competitors. The event was held for only one year because of lack of interest from other countries.
Wheelchair curling is a form of boccia played by people with physical disabilities. An ice rink is required, as well as wheelchairs and some kind of brake for each player. The game is similar to wheelchair basketball but uses a sheet of ice instead of a basketball court. In addition to the rules applicable to traditional curling, players must follow certain guidelines when using their brakes: no more than six points of contact with the ice at any one time; no faster than five miles per hour; and no driving on the ice during play.
There are three types of shots in wheelchair curling: the hammer throw, the rock shot, and the sweep shot. During the hammer throw, also called the house shot, the player throws his or her hammer into the air by bending at the waist. The hammer must be kept in the throwing position until it is caught behind the head with both hands. The rock must be thrown with force enough to make a sound when it hits the ice. There is a limit to how far a player can throw a hammer.
Curling f. First appeared in Windsor, Nova Scotia, Canada, approximately 1800. The game is said to have been invented by Irish immigrants who came to work on the first railway line running through the town of Windsor. They used any available material for a curling stone.
Basketball - Created by Dr. James Naismith in 1905. He created the game to compete against other schools who did not have athletic programs of their own. The original rules were written down on a card index system that Dr. Naismith had with him during games he was coaching at Springfield College (now known as Springfield College in Massachusetts).
Hockey - Created by an English-Canadian carpenter named Abner Dowling. He took the basic rules of rugby and added more aggressive players and equipment necessary for ice hockey. The first documented ice hockey game was played in Montreal in 1875. The Halifax Club beat McGill University 8-0!
Lacrosse - Created by John Chandler Jr., owner of a large mill in Brookline, Massachusetts. He hired several Native American players from nearby reservations to play his version of field lacrosse.