Most volleyball teams now have a setter. The game was adjusted from 21 to 15 points in 1917, and three years later, in 1920, the regulations were changed so that each team could only touch the ball three times before transferring it to the other team, and the rules of the back row assault were introduced. In 1927, the height requirement was dropped, and in 1978, women's volleyball was allowed at the Olympics for the first time.
Before the setter, there were only two players on the court at a time. A "coach" would give instructions by shouting words of encouragement or criticism at the player serving, but he/she didn't hit the ball.
In 1885, Edmond James "Eddie" Thorpe invented the first successful machine for teaching people to serve. It was a rocking horse with a small rubber ball attached to its end. This may be the first novelty item ever sold at a fair. Today, many coaches use video games as practice tools because they can control the speed of the attack, the position of their players, and see how they like different shots. However, some players say that playing video games instead of practicing with humans is pointless because you can't really learn how to play well unless you do it out on the court with someone who knows what they're doing.
There are several different methods used by setters to start an attack.
The regulations developed over time: the skill and strength of the set and spike were introduced in the Philippines in 1916, and four years later, a "three hits" rule and a rule barring striking from the back row were implemented. The game was adjusted in 1917 from needed 21 points to win to only only 15 points to win. In 1938, the requirement that teams be composed of at least two players was dropped. In 1940, the requirement that players wear socks was abolished. These are the only changes that have been made to the rules since they were first established.
Setters' offensive volleyball strategies, volleyball plays, and volleyball attacks Learn the strategies setters employ to run the squad, from simple to sophisticated. The "4-1-5" play is the most regularly used by setters and the most simple offensive play to understand. Except for the center blocker, this was a high ball set for each of the front row batters. The middle hitter was assigned the role of "runner", who was supposed to go get the ball if any of the opponents managed to block or catch it first. The left and right hitters were assigned specific roles according to which player would be best suited to hit certain types of shots. The setter is responsible for choosing the right strategy to use in each situation, calling the offenses' plays during a game, and distributing the balls after each point.
The setter's main objective is to put the ball in the open court as quickly as possible after it is spiked. This is usually done by either passing it back out to the hitter who lined up next or by hitting it herself. However, there are times when throwing the ball into the stands or even out of bounds will help avoid hits or blocks; in these cases, the setter will call for a spike instead of a pass. A good setter is able to read the defense and choose the correct strategy every time she receives the ball.
A typical attack begins with the setter sending the ball over to one of the hitters in order to start a rally.
In most cases, games are played to a maximum of 25 points. In 1999, USA Volleyball shifted from side-out scoring to rally scoring, and college and high level volleyball followed suit shortly after. Before the change, teams would often spend much of the time in their own service zone; now they must attack constantly to keep the opposition off balance and discourage delays in the game.
Each point scored on the serve is worth one (1) score. If the server makes an error while serving, the opponent gets the point unless the server saves it with a block or spike. If the attacker makes an error, she loses a point. If the defender blocks or spikes out of bounds, she also loses a point. If the ball hits the net inside the court line but does not go out, it is called a "let" and the player who served it can choose to take another swing at it or not. If she does not, then the point is awarded to the opposing team.
There are several methods used by coaches to encourage attacking play. Sometimes they will call for a "attackers' timeout" where the players stand up and yell for more balls sent their way.
The 4-2 offensive is the first volleyball offense to be discussed. This translates to four hitters and two setters on the court. The two setters will play opposite one other and set when they are on the front row, leaving two hitters on the front row at all times. This form of offense is not without its drawbacks. Most notably, it is difficult to replace players due to the number of positions that need to be filled. However, if you have the resources available, this form of attack can be effective.
Hitting takes place at the net or in the middle. There are three main types of swings used by the hitter: topspin, backspin, and flat. Each type of swing has its advantages and disadvantages. For example, a topspin shot is harder to block than a flat because it stays on the floor longer. However, a topspin shot travels less far than a flat so you need more of them to hit well. Backspin is used for hitting down the line or into the corners. Because it goes around the side of the net, a backspin shot is easier to return than a topspin or flat shot.
After hitting, the ball will come to rest under one of three conditions: out of bounds, in the receiver's hand, or on the floor. If the ball is out of bounds, there is no point value for that ball and the game continues as normal. If the ball is in the receiver's hand, it is a free ball.