The games of 1940 and 1944 The activities were canceled totally due to the onset of World War II with the Nazi invasion of Poland in September 1939. The Summer Olympics in London in 1944 and the Winter Games in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy suffered the same fate.
After the war, the original plan was to hold the games in Germany but this never happened because President Truman refused to approve the contract. In 1952, the games were held in Helsinki, Finland under American supervision because the Soviet Union had taken over most of Europe during the war.
Helsinki was chosen as the host city because it was considered a safe place where there would be no violence like there was in Berlin or Warsaw at the time. The United States government also wanted to show its support for Finland after it lost its territory to Russia. However, Soviet troops still occupied half of Finland so holding the games there would have been controversial.
In 2000, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) voted to cancel the games scheduled for Beijing because of safety concerns about the state of the city's infrastructure. China later hosted the games in 2008 and London won the right to host in 2012 and 2016.
Berlin and Moscow were the only cities that rejected offers from the IOC to take part in new competitions.
Many athletic events were cancelled due to World War II. Due to WWII, the 1944 Summer Olympics were also canceled. Throughout sports, 1944 summarizes the events of the year in the globe....
The 1944 Olympic Games were canceled owing to WWII. The 1944 Summer Olympics were supposed to be held in London, but they were canceled owing to WWII, which would last until 1945. These were the only Olympics that weren't held for more than a single edition.
Furthermore, the 1932 Olympic Winter Games didn't happen because of the economic crisis surrounding the New York World's Fair that was planned for that same year. The IOC decided to hold the games instead so as not to disrupt the world economy anymore than necessary.
In fact, until 1948, no sport had ever been canceled from one edition of the Games to the next. That's why it's possible to find records of some events that haven't happened yet. For example, there's a photo of the men's 100-meter sprint from the 1936 Berlin Games with the names of the runners on display at the German National Sports Museum/Deutsches Turn- und Sportmuseum in Frankfurt am Main. One name is missing, that of Germany's most famous sprinter, Carl Schuhmann, who died in a car crash just two days before the start of the Games.
The first event of the 1936 Games wasn't held because the track and field stadium used by Germany during the 1928 Games in Amsterdam was destroyed by Nazi bombers earlier that year.
During World War I and World War II, the Olympic Games were canceled. The 1940 Summer Games, originally set for Tokyo, were postponed owing to the war and relocated to Helsinki, Finland, where they were subsequently canceled entirely. Another attempt was made at a revival of the games after the war, but it too was not successful; the 1948 Summer Olympics in London were the last until 1952.
The 1936 Winter Games in Germany's Nazi capital city of Berlin were also canceled, but only after they had begun. Political turmoil within Germany prior to and during those games led to their cancellation; neither Hitler nor any other German leader wanted the Nazis' image to be tarnished by such behavior, so organizers decided not to proceed with the event.
Berlin was rebuilt following its destruction in World War II, and the new city became known as "Hamburg before Hamburg." During this time, no Olympic events were held there; instead, sports organizations decided to hold their competitions in Europe and North America at places like St. Moritz, Switzerland; Davos, Switzerland; Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany; and Lac de Mont du Chat, France.
These events formed the basis of today's modern Olympics. The Nazis planned to reestablish Berlin as the capital of a future German empire, but they lost that battle long before the end of World War II.