Substances that are prohibited All players are forbidden from using, having, selling, enabling the sale of, distributing, or assisting the spread of any substance of abuse, human growth hormone (HGH), or steroids under the terms of the policy. A violation of this rule results in a mandatory suspension by the league with no opportunity for reinstatement for at least one season.
Players may be suspended for violations of this policy occurring during the season or off-season. In addition, a player who exhibits a pattern of conduct which violates the policy may be suspended by the club without pay until such time as the conduct is no longer detrimental to the team. Once this determination has been made, the player will be given a chance to redeem himself/herself by participating in counseling and other rehabilitative programs offered by the club.
Prohibited substances include but are not limited to marijuana, cocaine, heroin, LSD, ecstasy, methamphetamine, PCP, and oral contraceptives. Players who test positive for drugs during MLB drug tests may have their names released publicly by the league.
In addition to the above, all players are required to pass a drug screening test prior to each game they play in order to be permitted on the field. If a player fails the drug screen he/she will be subject to discipline from his/her club.
Hormones, anabolics, EPO, beta-2 agonists, masking agents, and diuretics are among the drugs that are always prohibited. Stimulants, marijuana, opioids, and glucocorticosteroids are examples of drugs that are only restricted in competition. Drugs exist that can enhance your performance in sports, but also have significant side effects. Commonly used medications like caffeine, aspirin, and the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) ibuprofen may help reduce pain and promote healing after a injury, but excessive use may be harmful.
A substance is considered to be anabolic if it promotes growth in humans or animals. Anabolic steroids include testosterone and its derivatives. They increase muscle mass and bone density and are commonly used by bodybuilders to build up their muscles. Hormones such as human growth hormone and prolactin are also anabolic. Anabolic steroids have many negative side effects including hair loss, increased blood clotting, and prostate enlargement. However, because of these benefits, people with osteoporosis may be given anabolic steroids to boost their bone density.
Banned substances include hormones, anabolics, enzymes, and other compounds that are not allowed in athletics because they give an unfair competitive advantage. Human growth hormone (HGH) is one example of a banned hormone.
A drug or technique can be added to the Prohibited List if it meets two of the three criteria listed below: It has the ability to improve or increase athletic performance. The athlete's use of the substance or procedure poses an actual or prospective health risk. The use of the substance is prohibited by any other rule in this book.
An athlete may use a banned substance or utilize a banned technique if he or she has a valid medical reason for doing so. For example, a professional baseball player who suffers from bone cancer might use steroids to try to prevent his bones from deteriorating. In this case, the ban on steroid use would not apply because the player would be using the drugs for a legitimate medical purpose.
Another example would be an athlete who uses a banned substance as part of her bodybuilding regimen. This person would be able to show that she has a medical need for the substance and that she is not going to be harmed by its use. If an athlete decides to use a banned substance or technique, he or she does so at the risk of being disqualified from competition.
In summary, athletes can use substances or perform procedures that are banned by law if they have a valid medical reason for doing so and if they aren't likely to harm themself or others.
1991 Steroids were eventually prohibited in baseball in 1991, but testing for big league players did not commence until the 2003 season. While the testing for steroids began, the use continued. During Spring Training in 2004, several players were caught using drugs including Jason Giambi of the New York Yankees and Iván Rodríguez of the San Diego Padres.
When testing was introduced, many people believed that baseball would be dominated by strong pitchers who could control heat, but that theory was quickly disproved when hitters started to hit home runs. The steroid issue has been well documented over the years, but it continues today in other sports such as football and tennis.
Shawn Astle has hit 60 homers in his career. He played most of his seasons from 1990-1999 with the Seattle Mariners and Toronto Blue Jays. Alex Rodriguez is second with 56 homers. He played from 1998-2014 for various teams including the New York Yankees, Miami Marlins, and Houston Astros. Both men are members of the Baseball Hall of Fame.
Rodriguez is also second in hits (14th overall), doubles (10th), walks (12th), and on-base percentage (15th).