The most widely used batting statistics are batting average, RBIs, and home runs. A player who leads the league in these three categories is still known as the "Triple Crown" victor. For pitchers, the most frequently quoted conventional statistics are wins, ERA, and strikeouts. But there are several other less commonly used statistics for judging performance.
Some critics claim that batting average is too dependent on luck - whether or not a ball falls into an outfielder's glove - to be considered fair judgment of skill. They also point out that successful hitters tend to get more opportunity than unsuccessful ones; thus, the average of their results is likely to be higher than their actual ability would warrant. It is true that batting average depends on chance, but only so far as all statistics do. The better question is not why batting average tends to favor hitters, but rather why it favors some over others. The answer may lie in the fact that good hitters produce more hits than bad hitters, regardless of how many balls are hit their way. By measuring batting average against both the number of balls put into play and the size of the target, it becomes clear that batting average is about even money - that is, it should be expected by chance alone about half the time - which means that it is a very accurate measure of skill.
Another statistic often cited as evidence that batting average is biased toward hitters is called "on-base percentage".
Batting statistics (1876–present) Edit: Babe Ruth (left) has the best slugging % and on-base plus slugging percentage, while Ty Cobb (right) has the highest batting average and most stolen bases. Barry Bonds has 10 hitting records, the most notable of which are the career and single-season home run marks.
Rickey Henderson established the modern-day single-season record of 130 in 1982. "Single-Season Batting Average Leaders and Records." Baseball-Reference.com acquired the information on July 25, 2012. "Single-Season Leaders and Singles Records." Baseball-Reference.com acquired this information on August 7, 2017. "Single-Season Leaders and Doubles Records."
Batted ball statistics are simple: they represent the percentage of a pitcher's balls in play that are line drives, ground balls, or fly balls. This includes balls that fly out of the park (home runs), therefore a pitcher's batted ball statistics should total 100 percent.
Pitchers were more prevalent in the late 1980s and early 1990s, climbing from the mid 40s to 53.4 percent in 2016. For the past dozen or so years, pitchers have made up more than half of all big league baseball players.
Batting average is one of the oldest and most often used measures for determining a hitter's performance at the plate. It is calculated by dividing a player's hits by his total at-bats for a figure between zero (represented as.000) and one (1.000). The league-wide batting average has consistently been around.250 in previous years.
Hitting percentage is another way to evaluate a hitter's ability. It takes into account not only how many balls he puts into play, but also where they fall relative to the fielder's box. If you hit.400, that would mean you got 40 points out of 100. But if you hit everything over the fence, your batting average would be 1.000 and your hitting percentage would be 50%. In reality, nobody has a batting average or on-base percentage anywhere near this high, but it's good to know what these numbers mean.
Here are some more interesting facts about batting average:
Babe Ruth had several great seasons, finishing with averages of.900 or higher four times. He is still considered by many to be the best hitter in baseball history. During his career, Ruth struck out too many times to be counted among today's hitters but his average remains one of the highest ever.
Lou Gehrig owned the New York Yankees from 1939 to 1941, finishing with batting averages of.441,.440, and.438 respectively.
This includes balls that fly out of the park (home runs), therefore a pitcher's batted ball statistics should total 100 percent. Major league pitchers employ a wide range of pitches and approaches, resulting in a wide range of batted ball characteristics. However, due to the inherent nature of the game, there are some generalizations that can be made about what might happen if all pitchers operated from the same release point with the same speed. It is safe to assume that every pitch thrown by a major league pitcher will result in at least one bat-ball interaction during any given game.
Batters have different strategies for dealing with different types of pitches. In order to make their jobs easier, managers will sometimes issue specific orders to opposing hitters related to certain pitchers' pitches. For example, if a pitcher were to throw a lot of fastballs, then his manager might tell the hitter to watch out for fastballs.
These tactics can have an impact on a batter's batting average against a particular pitcher. If a manager tells a hitter to only look for one type of pitch from a certain pitcher, then that player will likely see more hits against that pitcher than if he was allowed to choose whether or not to swing. This is why it is important for a pitcher to use all parts of the strike zone when throwing to avoid being labeled as unfair toward any one hitter.
Professional baseball players are examined statistically to construct a picture of the player as a hitter. Take a look at the pitcher with a 5.13 earned run average (ERA). Other math figures include the number of times the pitcher strikes out or hits certain batters. These statistics are used to determine how effective the pitcher has been against different types of hitters.
Also, batting averages are used to evaluate hitters. This is calculated by taking the number of bases someone walks during his time at bat and dividing it by the number of times he steps up to the plate. For example, if a batter walks five times but gets four hits, his average would be.100. Baseball managers and coaches use this information when making decisions such as who to put into games or which batters to pitch to later in an inning.
Finally, home runs are important because they often result in wins or losses for teams. The more home runs a player hits, the higher his slugging percentage will be. This means that he will score more runs than someone who only hits singles and doubles. A high slugging percentage also indicates that he is a good hitter overall. A player's batting title can be determined by looking at his slugging percentage. If it's higher than 1.000, he has won the title. If it's not, then there is no record for him to break.
In conclusion, baseball is a numbers game.