Although stimulants can improve physical performance and increase aggression on the field, they also have side effects that can hinder athletic performance, such as anxiousness and impatience, which make it difficult to focus on the game. Insomnia can impede athletes from obtaining enough sleep. Stimulant abuse may lead to depression and anxiety disorders.
In addition to the known effects of drugs used in sports, there are many other unknown long-term consequences of taking them. Some research has shown that users of amphetamines may be more likely to develop Parkinson's disease later in life. Other studies have failed to find this connection. Research has also shown that athletes who use cocaine are more likely to die younger than average citizens, but there aren't any conclusive findings on why this might be the case.
Finally, some scientists believe that environmental factors not related to drugs or alcohol may play a role in sudden deaths among athletes. These factors include obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, mental illness, and heart problems caused by intense exercise without sufficient rest.
Overall, drugs and alcohol have negative effects on athletic performance and should not be used by athletes seeking to gain an advantage over their opponents.
Proponents of letting athletes to take stimulants contend that Air Force pilots, long-haul truckers, and others use them without shame and that their use does not compromise the game's purity. Critics argue that allowing drugs into sport undermines its reputation as a means of self-improvement and recreation.
Stimulants can give athletes an edge over their competitors. Drug tests in sports such as baseball and football don't always detect usage of substances that help users stay awake or perform better.
In addition, some scientists claim that using drugs may be necessary for certain athletes to compete at a high level. For example, studies have shown that caffeine improves reaction time and vigilance for elite cyclists and runners who experience periods of intense activity followed by rest days when they cannot consume any caffeine.
Finally, some athletes use drugs because they are available illegally off the market or even from friends/coaches. There have been cases where players have admitted to doping after their careers were over because they didn't know any better.
Sports officials tend to favor a policy of strict prohibition because it is believed to create a safer environment for athletes by removing incentives for them to cheat. However, some critics claim this argument is flawed because criminals will still seek out opportunities to profit from cheating, while others say that banning all drugs would be unrealistic and unfair.
Athletes may take cocaine, like other stimulants, to improve their endurance and performance, boost attention, lessen weariness, and lose weight. 2. Cocaine gives consumers a fleeting exhilaration, followed by a collapse. Users may "binge" on the substance several times in order to prolong the euphoria. 1. What percentage of athletes use drugs? According to one study, up to 40% of athletes have used drugs at least once, with marijuana being the most common drug consumed by athletes.
Cocaine is a potent central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) stimulant that increases the amount of dopamine released by cells within the brain's reward center. This increase in dopamine production causes feelings of happiness, energy, focus, and pleasure. However recent studies have shown that prolonged use of cocaine can cause serious problems for the body such as heart disease, stroke, and respiratory infection.
In sports, cocaine may help enhance endurance and strength, reduce pain, and give users a greater sense of self-confidence. Cocaine also has negative effects; it can be harmful to the heart, lungs, and blood vessels. Using the drug during training or competition may result in missed practices or games, which could negatively impact a student-athlete's chances of making the team.
Cocaine acts fast in the body. It can be absorbed through the skin or swallowed into the mouth.