Olympic sports are competed in both the Summer and Winter Olympics. The terms "Summer Olympic Games" and "Winter Olympic Games" are commonly used to describe these events.
The original Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896 and 1904. They were so-called "the Olympiad" and they consisted of 14 events, including wrestling. Today's Summer Olympics include 306 events while the Winter Olympics have 134 events. Not all countries can participate in every sport so the number of participants per event varies.
Both the Summer and Winter Olympics are organized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The IOC is a non-governmental organization that controls the timing and scheduling of the games. Each country sends a delegation to vote on which cities will host the games. The head of state or head of government makes the final decision about which city will host the games.
There are two types of Olympics: summer and winter. At these events only sports that can be done outside require being played at certain times of the year. So for example, tennis is not played in the heat of the day without making it a summer sport, and ice hockey is not played on ice unless it's cold enough to need a winter coat.
The Olympic Games The contemporary Olympic Games, or Olympics (French: Jeux olympiques), are major international athletic events that feature summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of competitors from all over the world compete.
They are held every four years and are organized by International Olympic Committee (IOC). The first Olympic games were held in Athens, Greece, in 1896. They are known as the "Olympic Games" and the "World's Fair". Before they were established, these sports were part of other larger events such as European championships and world championships.
Olympics events can be divided into three categories: demonstration events that do not count for ranking purposes but which may contribute to the overall result; competitive events; and exhibition events. Demonstration events include the opening and closing ceremonies, as well as some performance events. Competitive events include athletics, badminton, basketball, boxing, fencing, futsal, gymnastics, handball, judo, rowing, sailing, swimming, table tennis, and weightlifting. Exhibition events include a wide variety of activities including acrobatics, equestrianism, freestyle skiing, luge, mountain biking, power lifting, roller skating, shooting, snooker, squash, skateboarding, surfing, tennis, triathlon, volleyball, and wrestling.
The Olympic Games are a four-year international sports event. The ultimate aims of sport are to cultivate human beings and to contribute to world peace. Summer and Winter Games are held independently. While the Summer Olympics are held in even years, the Winter Olympics occur in odd years.
Olympic games were first held in Athens, Greece in 1896. Today, they are held every four years. The next Summer Olympics will be held in 2020 in Tokyo, Japan.
Each country can send a maximum of two athletes per discipline, with exceptions for those who have not fulfilled their "Olympic quota". The number of spots awarded is calculated on a percentage basis of the number of countries participating in the Games. For example, if there are 100 countries participating in the Games, then each country will be able to send two athletes plus one additional athlete if needed. If, however, only 98 countries participate, then no country will be able to send three athletes due to limited space on the Olympic roster. If an athlete does not receive a spot on the Olympic team, then he or she may request what is called a "alternate", which would allow them to compete at the Games despite having been left off the initial team.
The term "Olympian" is used to describe someone that has competed in the Olympic Games.
The Summer Olympic Games, sometimes known as the Olympiad Games, are a four-year international multi-sport event. The Winter Olympics are a significant international athletic event held every four years. Every four years, two years following the leap year, the world comes together to celebrate sport.
The first Summer Olympic Games were held in 1896 in Athens, Greece. These Games were limited to five sports: athletics, boxing, wrestling, swimming, and diving. In 1904, baseball/softball was added to the program. In 1948, equestrian events were introduced into the program for the first time. And in 1952, rowing was also included. In 1960, gymnastics became an official sport. In 1964, judo was added to the program. In 1968, mountain biking was added to the program. In 1972, para-athletics were introduced into the program. In 1976, squash was added to the program. In 1980, handball was added to the program. In 1984, roller skating was added to the program. In 1988, rugby union was added to the program. In 1992, ice hockey was added to the program. In 1996, freestyle skiing was added to the program. In 2000, softball was dropped from the program. In 2004, squash was dropped from the program. In 2008, beach volleyball was added to the program. In 2012, rowing was dropped from the program.
With over 200 nations competing, the Olympic Games are regarded as the world's premier sporting event. The Olympic Games are generally held every four years, with the Summer and Winter Olympics alternated every two years. The first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens, Greece, in 1896.
They are usually held between late August and early September, but depending on how other events run their course, they can be held at any time between late February and early April. In fact, the only time when they have not been held was in 1944 because of the World War II-related cancellation of many sports.
The Olympic Games consist of a variety of events that require different skills. At the opening ceremony, an athlete or athletes win each event by producing the best result. Some events may have more than one winner according to how many places are available for each nation in the event. Other events may have no clear first place winner - such as when there is a tie for first place or if countries are divided into separate men's and women's events. Still others may have several winners per event who compete against each other to determine the champion.
Some events may seem familiar while others might not. For example, people know what a track event is because it involves running down a long path or course.
Summer, winter, and Paralympic games are all part of the Olympics. Each type of event is conducted every four years, with the winter and summer games taking place two years apart. The Paralympics are held once every four years too, but they are much smaller events than the other three types of games.
Each country can send a maximum of 12 athletes to each of the three types of games. Countries can also enter a team in various events depending on how many representatives they have sent to those specific games. For example, some countries may only be able to enter one swimmer or one skier per event, so they may choose not to enter any other athletes in order to keep their team size at 12 for all events.
The Summer Olympic Games begin on August 8, with preliminary rounds occurring over about a week-and-a-half period. The main event is the opening ceremony on August the 9th. The Winter Olympic Games start two weeks later on August 18, with cross-country skiing events going first followed by ice hockey and then snowboarding. The closing ceremonies are held two days after the end of the last sport's event.
Paralympic sports were created by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) in 1976 with the goal of providing opportunities for people with disabilities to participate in sports activities.