42-was retired in 1997 at Dodger Stadium, 50 years after breaking the color barrier in professional baseball. Jackie Robinson is the first athlete in UCLA history to have lettered in four sports: baseball, football, basketball, and track.
He played first base, third base, and right field for the Bruins from 1946 to 1949. After his graduation, he entered the military and served during the Korean War before returning to Brooklyn Dodgers in 1950. He ended his career with 2160 hits, which ranks him seventh all time. Robinson also has the most wins as a manager with 135.
After his retirement from baseball, he moved back to Los Angeles where he worked for the Coca-Cola company as a marketing executive. He died of heart disease on October 24, 1972 at age 48.
Today, September 26th is recognized as "Jackie Robinson Day" by both the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum and Major League Baseball.
In 2007, UCLA announced that it would retire #42 during the 2008 season. He is only the second player to have his number retired by his alma mater (the other being Jim Brown of Ohio State).
UCLA's baseball team won 20 games in 1948 and finished second in the Pacific Coast Conference.
Baseball Jackie Robinson Contributes to Baseball (PBS) In 1947, Jackie Robinson, a 28-year-old African-American ballplayer and war veteran, was called up from the minor leagues to play for the Brooklyn Dodgers, marking a significant breakthrough over the color line in sports. Robinson performed well at first base, hitting.284 with one home run while driving in 33 runs. He was voted the Dodger's most valuable player by his teammates.
Robinson's success on the field made him a national hero. But off the field, he faced many challenges including racial slurs from fans and players, as well as violence from opponents. Despite these difficulties, Robinson led by example and maintained his focus on baseball. He eventually won the respect of his peers and the entire league by playing the game the right way. Today, April 15th is recognized as "Jackie Robinson Day" across the United States.
Besides being famous for breaking down racism in baseball, Robinson has been credited with helping to bring an end to apartheid in South Africa. After his death in 1972 at the age of 48, black athletes throughout North America wore black socks as a tribute.
In 2004, President George W. Bush honored Robinson with a presidential medal of freedom. In 2009, a federal court ruled that the Dodgers had infringed on Robinson's copyright by using his image and statistics without permission. The team agreed to pay Robinson's family $60 million.
On April 15, 1947, Robinson defied Major League Baseball's decades-old "color line" by playing for the National League Brooklyn Dodgers. From 1947 through 1956, he was a shortstop and outfielder with the Los Angeles Dodgers. Robinson is considered one of the greatest players in baseball history. He is also known for his civil rights activism after his retirement from baseball.
Robinson started 67 games at shortstop and 61 games in the outfield during his first season with the Dodgers. He hit.290 with 12 home runs and 73 RBIs.
In 1948, when the Dodgers' regular shortstop returned from military service, Robinson was moved to second base. He became one of the most successful hitters in baseball history while playing second base, batting.291 with 13 HR and 99 RBIs. In 1949, when the Dodgers acquired another great hitter, Joe DiMaggio, many thought that would end Robinson's time as a Dodger. But manager Leo Durocher kept him off the bench and allowed him to continue his success at a different position. In 1950, when DiMaggio left for Hollywood, Robinson again became the team's main hitter. He finished with a.292 average, 14 homers, and 102 RBIs. In 1951, when DiMaggio came back from retirement, it looked like Robinson would be replaced yet again.
By breaking the color barrier in baseball in 1947, Jackie Robinson facilitated the integration of professional sports in America. During his 10-year career, he overcame various barriers to become one of baseball's most entertaining and spectacular players. Robinson helped turn the Dodgers into a championship team and inspired many young people to follow their dreams.
Robinson started out as a star football player at UCLA before moving on to play baseball. He was so good that he was drafted by the New York Giants in 1945 after only two seasons playing pro ball. However, when it came time to report for duty in the Army, Robinson refused to do so because there were no black soldiers in his unit. This led to his dismissal by the Giants.
Robinson then returned home to Brooklyn where he signed with the Dodgers in 1946. From then on, he would go on to have a great career as one of the best second basemen of all time. In 1947, the year after he broke down the color line in baseball, the Dodgers won the World Series.
Jackie Robinson is also known for saying: "It takes more than just being black to be successful in baseball. It takes talent too."
After retiring from baseball, Robinson became an executive with his own company and later served as president of the National League from 1992 to 1999.
Thought he was maybe better at basketball than baseball Robinson was a generational athlete, so that comment shouldn't come as a surprise. He is UCLA's lone four-sport letterman, having played baseball, basketball, football, and track & field throughout his four years on school. His best year was likely 1947-48 when he led the nation in scoring defense (44 points per game) while also finishing second in the Heisman voting.
Robinson helped lead UCLA to its first National Championship in 1948. After graduating from UCLA, he entered the NBA where he became the first black player in the league. There have been many great players since then including Michael Jordan, LeBron James, and Kevin Durant.
Jackie Robinson broke down racial barriers in sports and inspired millions of young people to believe they could achieve anything they set their mind to. He is one of the most important figures in American history and will always be remembered for this achievement.
He was not. But he did play both baseball and basketball professionally after college. In an era when playing two sports professionally was very unusual for a man, let alone a black man, it is easy to see why many people didn't think much of his ability until it was too late.
Robinson began at Pasadena City College in 1937 and swiftly rose through the ranks of Pasadena sports before moving to UCLA on an athletic scholarship in 1939. Despite collecting letters in four sports-baseball, football, basketball, and track-family commitments compelled him to quit school before completing his degree in 1941. After serving in the military during World War II, he returned to UCLA in 1945.
UCLA gave up on its baseball program that year, so Robinson joined the football team as a center. He started eight games for the Bruins and was selected by the NFL's Brooklyn Dodgers as their first pick (third overall) in the 1947 draft. The next season, he became the first African American to play in the Major Leagues when he made his debut with the Dodgers on April 15, 1947. He ended up playing only one game that season because of a leg injury and another game in 1948 while recovering from surgery. In 1949, the Dodgers sold their rights to Robinson's new team, the New York Giants, so he never played for them. After failing to make the cut in the Dodgers' farm system, he retired from football in 1951.
After graduating from college, Robinson worked as a civil servant with the Department of the Interior until 1955, when he launched a career in business that took him all over the world. From 1960 to 1975, he served as president of the NAACP.