The inaugural game of "volleyball" was played on July 7, 1896, at Springfield College. William G. Morgan (1870-1942) invented volleyball in 1895, but named it Mintonette. The first demonstration volleyball match was held at Springfield College in 1896. (called International YMCA Training School in 1896). The first official game was played between the Springfield College Seminary students and Williams' Gymnasium students. The gymnasium students were coached by Fred Bennet, who is considered the father of modern volleyball.
Springfield College won the first game 25-8. It was not until nearly 10 years later that another game was played.
There are two stories as to how the name "volleyball" came about. The first is that a college student named Vernon Walter Baker coined the word when he noticed that his partners were using their hands like a volleyball player. The other story is that a college student named Edward Van Cise saw the signs on the walls of a tavern that said "Volleyball Is Now In Session" and decided this would make a good name for the new sport.
Both stories are true. Vernon Baker did coin the word "volleyball" but also added words such as "handball" and "footbal" to it. He also created rules for the game and designed a net with goals. (He went on to become an Olympic champion in handball).
William G. Morgan created volleyball, initially named "mintonette," in 1895, four years after the development of basketball. Morgan, a YMCA Springfield College alumnus, created the game as a hybrid of basketball, baseball, tennis, and handball. He called his version of the sport "a new game, played with a ball." Although he did not patent the game, he did arrange for its publication in book form that same year.
Volleyball's early history is marked by many similarities to basketball's. Both games began as informal activities played by men on urban streets. They both developed into organized sports during this time. And finally, both games evolved into modern sports during the 20th century.
But there are also some important differences between volleyball and basketball. For one thing, women were involved from the beginning of the game's evolution. Volleyball is an all-gender sport while basketball is mostly played by men. Also, volleyball has always been considered a physical sport while basketball is now often viewed as a skill game. Finally, volleyball has always been seen as a global sport while basketball is now limited to North America.
These are just a few of the many factors that have helped shape the two games today.
Volleyball, originally known as "Mintonette," was created in 1895 at a YMCA in Holyoke, Massachusetts by William G. Morgan. The game is still played at least once a week by 80 million individuals worldwide. It is estimated that people spend about $43 billion per year playing volleyball.
The first official international volleyball tournament was held in 1930 in Paris, France. China became the most successful country with five titles won between 1950 and 1954. Japan has been more successful since then with eight championships between 1936 and 1964. Brazil's first tournament victory came in 1967. Argentina made its debut in the 1970s, when it took second place. North America has never won a medal but did take part in the first tournament in 1930. In this era up to 1995, there were also European competitions where countries such as Germany, Italy, and Russia participated.
Italy is the most successful country today with six titles between 1937 and 1952 and again in 1958 and 1962. Brazil is second with four trophies between 1936 and 1949 and again in 1953. United States women's national team has three medals from the 1930s to 1960s. China is the current world champion after winning the 2014 season finale in November 2014. They beat Brazil 3-1 (25-22, 25-16, 25-18, 15-11) to claim their sixth title.
Volleyball was first played in the United States in 1895. The first game was held in the United States. After there was a volleyball-specific ball, it traveled to Cuba, and then to the Far East for the first unique competition. It returned to the United States in 1892 and has been played here ever since.
The sport of volleyball has many variations. There is beach volleyball, indoor volleyball, and even warping. Beach volleyball is the most popular form of the sport. Two teams of two players each hit a ball over a net into their opponents' court. Indoor volleyball is similar to beach volleyball but instead of hitting the ball with your hands, you use a stick (which can be either a club or a paddle). Warping involves a player on each team trying to get their ball through holes in the floor or ceiling of a building or arena.
Beach volleyball has become very popular in recent years. This sports style of volleyball was originally designed for men but women's games have been introduced recently. Each team consists of two players who must keep an eye on both sides of the court at all times. They will pass the ball back and forth while jumping or running to touch it inside the court.
Indoor volleyball has also become popular among girls and women. This version of the sport is often called ladies' volleyball because there are only two players on each team.
Morgan, William G. William G. Morgan created volleyball, initially named "mintonette," in 1895, four years after the development of basketball. He called his creation "a new ball game" that was "easy to play and interesting to watch."
Volleyball's early history is marked by controversy. In its first decade, volleyball was banned at most American universities because it was believed to be too violent. The first known organized match was played in Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1898, but this event is not considered the beginning of the sport because it was merely an exhibition game.
The first true international tournament was held in Japan in 1938. By 1945, the year before Japan's defeat in World War II, women's volleyball had been introduced into several countries. In 1950, the first official world championship was held in Switzerland. Today, the season starts in the fall and ends in the spring. The 2018 season will end with the Olympic Games in Pyeongchang, South Korea.
There are three main types of spikes: flat, round, and winged. Flat spikes are used for blocking shots and have flat surfaces that contact the ground when being served. Round spikes are used for hitting balls over the net and have rounded tops that contact the ball.