Since its inception in 1973, the University of Chicago has competed at the NCAA Division III level. Division III, the largest of the three NCAA Divisions, has 445 institutions (20% public, 80% private) as members in 2020–21. Men's and women's sports are offered within eight broad categories: arts & humanities; business; science; social sciences; education; health & physical fitness; recreation. Teams are required to have no more than 14 athletes per squad.
Currently, there are about 100 students on the men's hockey team. Women's hockey hasn't had anyone over 20 play for them since 2001. They did have two players over 21 in 2003 but one of them transferred after one season. They also had one player over 21 in 1994 but she didn't play due to injury.
As for other sports, there are usually between 30 and 50 people on each team. This includes coaches, managers, and trainers. Overall, it is estimated that only 1 or 2 percent of the population goes pro in any given year. The rest stay in school or go overseas.
Of the top 10 highest-paid hockey players, seven are currently enrolled in university courses for their bachelor's degrees in biology, chemistry, economics, English literature, history, mathematics, or political science. The other three are current or former NHL players who spend part of their time studying or training for competition.
The Distinction Between College Division Levels The NCAA lists 351 Division I institutions, 308 Division II colleges, and 443 Division III schools. To give you a sense of scale and how these divisions relate, the Division I level has around 176,000 student-athletes. The Division II level has about 122,000 students-at-risk, while Division III has about 36,000.
These numbers may not seem that large until you realize that Division I sports are much more popular than anyone would have imagined when they were first formed in 1944. At that time, there were only 10 universities playing football. Today, there are 119 of them.
Division II began as a way for small colleges to be able to compete with larger ones. They could not afford to pay their players or coaches enough to make it worth their while, so the idea was proposed that they form a separate division where they could do things their bigger rivals could not. This allowed the small schools to attract the best athletes without having to spend all their money on them.
Division III was created by Congress in 1965 because they believed that there were too many big schools trying to use up all the talent in the country. They wanted to make sure this didn't happen again so they created a third division where people could go if other divisions weren't big enough.
There are 176,000 student-athletes. Division II has somewhat more than 118,000 student-athletes, whereas Division III has slightly less than 188,000 student-athletes on its different rosters. That's only for the NCAA divisions. There are also small college teams that don't have official divisions such as the North Carolina Tar Heels or Miami Hurricanes. These schools usually have fewer than 5,000 students.
The number of female athletes vastly outnumbers the number of male athletes. There are about half as many men's teams as women's teams. Women make up 46% of all NCAA athletes. Men make up 54%.
The majority of athletes at Division I schools are under the age of 22. Only 10% are over the age of 26. Almost 75% are enrolled as freshmen or sophomores. Only 2% are seniors or graduates.
The average annual cost of attending a Division I school is $40,000. This includes tuition, fees, and living expenses.
Almost 70% of all athletes will not make any money from sports. Most are required to pay their own way. A few elite athletes can become rich though. The top earner in the NCAA is Texas Christian University basketball player Chris Nelson who earns $3 million per year. His salary covers his education costs.
They presently play mostly as members of the University Athletic Association in NCAA Division III. In 1895, the University of Chicago contributed to the formation of the Big Ten Conference. Although it eliminated football in 1939 (because it was incompatible with its academic purpose), its other teams lasted until 1946. Since then, there has been only one season of competition for the Chicago Maroons, in 1947. The Maroons competed as an independent team that year before joining the Big Ten the next year.
There have been several attempts by universities to establish a division I program in sports such as ice hockey and basketball but none have succeeded. The University of Chicago's attempt at founding a football program was the first, but it failed miserably. Subsequently, other schools have tried their luck but have also had limited success. For example, there have been two different institutions named Illinois State University located in Springfield and Fort Wayne respectively. The current version of ISU was founded in 1873 while the former version was established in 1870 as a teacher's college by the state legislature.
The only division I sport played by the University of Chicago is men's baseball. It has won more than 100 games every year since it began competing in 1902. Its overall record is 1053-666-4.
Although not a part of the National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA), the University of Chicago Maroons still compete annually in various events throughout the year.
Penn State University Park provides 29 NCAA Division I teams for student-athletes to participate in college athletics. Furthermore, there are more than 75 competitive NCAA Division III teams and 100 teams that qualify for national championships via the USCAA throughout all 20 Penn State undergraduate campuses.
The Nittany Lions, as they're known, compete in 11 men's and 18 women's sports. Men's basketball is one of only three remaining Division I programs that have won over 300 games (the other two being Indiana University and North Carolina State). Football has been a major sport at Penn State since Joe Paterno took over as head coach in 1950. He led the team to five National Championships during his time at the school; he was fired in 2011 after being charged with child abuse for failing to report allegations of abuse made against former assistant Jerry Sandusky. He died before his trial began in 2012. In 2013, new football coach Bill O'Brien brought in his own staff members to run the program while it searched for a new head coach.
Nittany Lion Stadium is home to both the Penn State Nittany Lions and Philadelphia Eagles American football teams. The stadium opened in 1910 and its current capacity is 101,000. It is located just outside State College, Pennsylvania.
There are over 1.5 million people living within a 30-minute drive of Penn State's campus, making it the largest university system in Pennsylvania.