The opposition side receives direct and indirect free kicks when a player, substitute, replaced or sent-off player, or team official commits an offense. If the referee fails to announce an indirect free kick and the ball is sent directly into the goal, the kick must be retaken. Otherwise, the game would have ended with no goal being scored.
Indirect free kicks are used in addition to, not instead of, direct free kicks. Indirect free kicks are awarded for various offenses, such as time wasting by arguing with the ref or using hands to restrain a player during play. An indirect free kick may be awarded even if the offense that prompted the penalty call is repeated by the offender; each incident makes the player subject to discipline at a later stage in the game.
There are two types of indirect free kicks: the ball is placed at the center-circle by the opposing team or their representative, or the assistant referees signal for it to be placed there. The player taking the kick has the choice of where to go with the ball but cannot change direction until they reach the center-circle. There is a slight delay between when the referee signals for the ball to be placed and when it is actually kicked. This gives other players on the field time to move back into position if necessary.
An indirect free kick is initiated by the referee calling "indirect free kick" and then identifying the reason for the penalty.
When a player commits a foul other than a penalty one (dangerous play) or breaches certain technical conditions of the football regulations, the opposition side is usually awarded an indirect free kick. The majority of indirect free kicks are awarded as a result of goalkeeper fouls. There will be occasions when an indirect free kick is not given; for example, if a player is injured while attempting to take the kick.
The opposing team's first choice goalkeeper must leave his/her position to claim the ball. If the goalkeeper does not leave his/her position then a second choice goalkeeper may do so. If both keepers remain in their positions then a free kick is taken from where the foul was committed.
Indirect free kicks are used primarily to give the team away from the incident the opportunity to move into an advantageous position. This can be done by advancing the ball forward or by withdrawing players from the immediate area to create space elsewhere on the field. Because there is no direct contact with the opponent, no offside rule applies and any player including the goalkeeper is able to take the kick.
Because the advantage gained from taking an indirect free kick is that you are not required to enter your own half, these cards are most useful in situations where you need to gain distance quickly, for example before the opponents have had time to reorganise after a change of possession.
In the penalty area, free kicks are always indirect free kicks. In contrast to a badly timed sliding tackle, which typically results in a more or less clear-cut judgment for a penalty kick, indirect free kicks are awarded when a player commits a less significant violation. For example, if a defender holds on to an opponent's shirt with his hand and prevents him from taking a free kick, this would be considered a minor infraction for which he would not be penalized. However, if the same defender then kicked the ball away from him, this would be an indirect free kick.
There is no specific rule that prohibits direct kicks in the penalty box, but most soccer players understand that they should use their foot to produce a free kick rather than simply kicking the ball. The only exception may be if there is someone close by who can get injured if the player hits the ball hard. In this case, he might want to take a direct kick instead so that he does not have to worry about being called for a foul.
It is important to note that any player can be assigned the role of kicker during a penalty shoot-out. If a player feels like taking one of the penalties, he can simply walk over to the spot and take his shot without receiving a pass from the goalkeeper or another player.
When does it occur? This includes touching the ball with an arm or leg outside the penalty area as well as handling the ball by any means other than bare hands (i.e., with a headbutt, punch, or kick).
The advantage of an indirect free kick is that it can be taken anywhere within 20 yards (18 m) of the goal line. The referee has some discretion about where he places the free kick and often chooses a spot that is difficult for the opposing team to reach. For example, if a player is closely marked, the referee may choose to give the free kick at a distance where there is enough space for him to be able to run into.
There are two types of indirect free kicks: the corner kick and the free kick. To take a corner kick, you must touch the ball with one foot while keeping control with the other foot. Corner kicks are used to score goals and to restart play after another type of penalty has been called (see below). A free kick is taken by simply lifting your foot up without touching the ground with either foot. Free kicks can be taken anywhere on the field except in front of the goal area or behind the opposing team's goal.