On occasion, the WBA and WBC have modified the status of its dormant titles to "Champion in Recess" or "Champion Emeritus." The World Boxing Association (WBA) was created in 1921 as the National Boxing Association (NBA), a US national governing organization. In 1992, it merged with the International Boxing Federation (IBF).
The World Boxing Council (WBC) was founded in 1963 by former world champions José Luis Armenteros, Carlos Monzón, and Don Jordan. The WBC is the only major boxing organization that does not hold an official title clearinghouse. Instead, its members determine their own criteria for championship recognition.
A champion will usually only be declared when there is no active champion. For example, if a champion retires, loses, or is stripped of his/her belt then a new champion will be determined in what is called a "championship fight". If, however, the champion continues to defend his/her title against opponents who do not challenge him/her then he/she will remain champion even if they lose their fights.
There are two ways for a boxer to become champion: by winning the title or by being assigned it. A titleholder can resign by failing to defend the title within a reasonable time or by defeating another champion. If the champion fails to defend the title in response to a challenger, then the challenger is declared the new champion.
WBA. The World Boxing Association was founded in 1962, making it the oldest of the four major sanctioning bodies. The WBA has two champions: a "Regular" champion and a "Super" champion. If a fighter has a WBA championship and subsequently wins the IBF, WBC, or WBO belts, they are promoted to WBA "Super" champion. If not, then they are given the status of "Regular" champion.
The WBA considers its champions from both men and women's categories to be equal in prestige and therefore awards them with the same title belt. A man is considered to be a champion if he is no longer active or inactive for at least three years. If no one claims the title after this time, then it is removed from consideration.
A champion boxer must win his title fight within a certain number of rounds or forfeit it. If he fails to do so, then he loses his title. For example, if Alberto Del Rio fails to defend his WBA championship within 15 fights as required by its rules, then he loses it.
If a champion decides not to defend his title, then he is said to have "withdrawn" from the competition. For example, if Floyd Mayweather refuses to fight Marcos Maidana when they meet to determine who is the best pound-for-pound fighter in boxing, then he has withdrawn from the contest.
Mayweather has done this many times before.
The organization's first tournament was held as part of the 1963 World Championship Games in Tokyo, Japan. The winner of this event was awarded the first WBA championship. In subsequent years, other tournaments have been held for which the winner has been awarded the WBA belt. These include contests for the vacant title in 1975, 1983, 1991, and 1999.
The WBA does not conduct its own championship events; instead, it confers its championships through its regional divisions and subsidiary organizations. These include the International Boxing Organization (IBO), World Boxing Council (WBC), World Boxing Federation (WBFO), and World Boxing Association (WBA).
Boxing was not an official Olympic sport from 1896 to 1948, so there are no medals awarded for it during those periods. But it has been included on the program since 1952, except for 1960 when it was removed due to concerns about violence within the competition. In 2004, the WBA voted to allow its champions to compete as long as they remain active with the organization.
It organized world title fights until the early 1970s, when it joined the World Boxing Council (WBC). In the United States, the National Boxing Association (NBA) was founded in 1921. Other organizations, such as the National Sporting Club in the United Kingdom and the California State Athletic Commission, also bestowed world championships. But these titles are not recognized by the WBC or any other body that controls world championship fights.
In 1974, after years of legal battles, the NBA and NSAA agreed to merge their titles into one organization called the "World Boxing Association". The new association retained the NBA's world champions and the NSAA's champions merged with those from other organizations to form a single unified list of world champions. But this merger only lasted for two years before another lawsuit ended it again. This time, the two associations decided to go their separate ways with no plans of merging back together.
Since then, both organizations have held numerous meetings to try and organize world championship fights again but without much success. Both bodies still hold annual awards ceremonies but they are purely ceremonial now. No world titles are at stake and there is no money involved. All they serve to do is give the existing world champions recognition and allow them to defend their titles.
There are some differences between the WBA and the WBC that may cause confusion. First, the WBA allows for superfights by designating its own version of world champions.
The World Boxing Council (WBC) was founded in 1963, and having a WBC belt has been the major objective of many professional fighters since then. When champions are questioned, they frequently discuss their boyhood hopes of receiving a WBC belt. There have been nearly 2,000 WBC World Championship fights since the 1960s. The WBC is the world's largest boxing sanctioning body.
Its headquarters are in Miami, Florida. Its president is Jose Sulaimán.
In addition to its world championship, the WBC also sanctions ratings categories such as light heavyweight, cruiserweight, junior lightweight, super featherweight, featherweight, and bantamweight.
The WBC has become very influential in boxing, and many consider it to be the most legitimate form of world boxing authority.
Champions who have held titles with the WBC are allowed to wear the belt on television broadcasts to signify their status. WBC belts have been awarded to almost every major world champion over the past 50 years.
However, not all title holders are given this opportunity. If a champion declines or fails to defend his/her title within 12 months of being awarded it, then their title is considered forfeit. This rule is called the "WBC time limit".
For example, when Larry Holmes refused the challenge of Muhammad Ali in 1978, he lost the title because the time limit had expired.