The French Open (French: Internationaux de France de Tennis), formally known as Roland-Garros (French: [Rola gaRos]), is a major tennis event held each year in late May at the Stade Roland-Garros in Paris, France. The French Open is the world's top clay-court competition. Roland-Garros was built by French architect Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris with grounds designed by Englishman William Hawtree. It opened in 1927 and has been played on red clay ever since. The tournament is named after Roland Garros, a mythical city described by Charlemagne as including all of France beyond the Pyrenees.
The French Open is the only Grand Slam tennis event that is played on clay courts. The other two major tournaments are the Australian Open and the Wimbledon Championships. They are both held on grass courts. In between these two events on different surfaces, there is one other Grand Slam event which is the US Open on hard courts.
Clay courts are types of hard courts used for tennis competitions. They are known for their unpredictable behavior during matches. Because clay is a soft material when it is dry it will mold to your feet or hand if you walk across it. When it is wet however it becomes more elastic and can return more shots from your opponent's ball. This makes for intense match play and high scores.
Stade Roland Garros (French pronunciation: [stad Rola gaRos]) is a tennis arena in Paris, France, that hosts the French Open—also known as Roland Garros, notably within Europe—a Grand Slam championship tournament contested annually at the end of May and the beginning of June. The stadium is located in the western part of Paris, near the Port de la Rapée. It replaces the Stade Pierre Mauroy as the home of the French Tennis Federation.
The stadium was built between 1978 and 1980 by architect Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris. The first edition of the French Open was played there in 1981. In 2009, the stadium received a major renovation which included the installation of new lighting systems, changes to the seating configuration, and improvements to other aspects of the facility. The new Roland Garros has been widely praised for its design and atmosphere during sporting events.
In addition to being the venue for the French Open, Stade Roland Garros has also hosted several international sports events including the 1987 World Championships in Athletics and the 1999 EuroBasket. The stadium is also used for musical performances and festivals.
Stade Roland Garros is the only one of the four main Grand Slam tennis tournaments not to be held in America. The other three are the US Open, Wimbledon, and the Australian Open.
The French Open is a tennis event held every year in May and June. The list of French Open winners from 1925 to the present is available here. It was founded in 1891 and has been held in the Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France, since 1928. It is, in essence, one of the four Grand Slam competitions held each year. The others are the Australian Open, the US Open, and the Wimbledon Championships.
The first edition was won by Richard Bennett in the men's singles competition. The women's singles title went to his partner Anne Whitehead in the next edition of the tournament. This is the only time these two individuals have shared the crown. The pair had an outstanding season-wide record with six wins out of six matches they played against each other. Other notable winners include Bill Tilden (men's singles), Molla Mallory (women's doubles), and Fred Perry (men's doubles).
The last edition of the French Open before World War II was played in 1939. The tournament was not held in 1940 or 1941 due to the war. In 1946, it was revived as a national championship for France with the same format as today. Since then, it has been held annually in May and June.
Notable past champions include Helen Jacobs, who became the first black woman to win a Grand Slam title after her victory at the French Open in 1930; and Australia's Roy Emerson, who is considered one of the greatest players in tennis history.
The tennis facility Stade Roland Garros is located on the western suburbs of Paris, France. It was built in 1928 and now hosts the French Open, one of the Grand Slam tennis tournaments. The stadium is named after its founder, American Roland Garros.
It is situated in the 16th arrondissement, close to the Avenue de la Grande Armee and the Bois de Vincennes. The site covers an area of about 70 acres (28 hectares). The stadium has a capacity of 60,000 people and is the largest indoor sporting arena in Europe.
Garros was a famous boxer who won the World Heavyweight Championship title in 1919. He took his own life two years later at the age of 34. Roland Garros was the father of tennis player Joëlle Garros who also competes as a singles player. She's currently ranked 57th in the world.
Joëlle isn't her real name; it was given to her by her parents when they found out that she had become a professional tennis player. They wanted her to have a normal childhood so they gave her the first name they could think of that wasn't already being used by another person or entity.
She began competing in 2001 but didn't win her first match until 2005.