A technical knockout (TKO or T.K.O.) or stoppage is called when the referee determines that a fighter cannot safely continue the contest for any reason during a round. Certain sanctioning organizations also permit the official attending physician at ringside to call a halt to the fight. A TKO is often but not always followed by a disqualification (DQ).
In most cases, a boxer who goes down from a legal blow receives a TKO victory from his opponent. However, if the fighter does not get up before the end of the round, then he will be counted out and thus lost that particular match. Sometimes, a fighter will intentionally go down in order to test the mettle of his opponent. If he can stay on his feet until the end of the round, then he has won that match. This is known as a "tough night" and it means that the fighter did not show much respect for his opponent enough to want him to suffer any injuries during the bout.
In professional boxing, the referee has the authority to stop the fight at any time he believes that one of the participants is unable to continue due to injury. The referee may declare a man unable to continue if he is seen holding his nose or appearing to have trouble breathing. When this happens, the referee stops the fight and awards the win to your opponent.
A technical knockout (TKO) happens when a boxer is declared unable to defend himself adequately by the referee (and occasionally the ringside medic), when a fighter is deemed to have incurred a major injury, or when a boxer or his seconds decide he should not continue. The bout is considered finished at this point and the winner is determined in several ways depending on the rule set used by the sanctioning body. For example, if the referee stops the fight, the winner is the one who gets the better of it after being warned repeatedly, or if there's no referee present, the decision is made by the timekeeper.
The way things stand now, a boxer can be said to have suffered a technical knockout when he is clearly unable to continue due to an injury. This can happen during a bout or even after it has been stopped. If this occurs before the start of the 10th round, the win will usually be awarded to the boxer who was ahead on points (but see below). If the injured boxer had the opportunity to continue after the end of the 9th round, then he can still do so in order to win by decision. However, if he fails to answer the bell for the next round without making any effort to recover, he will be declared the loser and the judge's scorecard will be carried forward.
In other cases, a boxer may be able to continue despite serious injuries.
Hear this out loud: Pause A technical submission may occur when the referee or doctor stops the fight because a fighter has sustained an injury or is rendered unconscious while in a submission hold. Such a match outcome may be called a technical submission or a technical knockout (TKO), depending on the rules of combat used for the match.
Generally speaking, yes, TKO is a submission category. However, not all submissions are technically possible - many require some form of physical contact between the fighters to work their magic. Thus, some experts would argue that some submissions are actually categories other than true TKOs. For example, if a fighter is locked in a painful crucifixion position, it might be argued that they have been submitted to the shoulder harness or collar bone.
The truth is, there are so many ways to submit your opponent that it's impossible to list them all. But here are the most common ones: Choke/stranglehold: Also referred to as a "technical choke", a choke holds the opponent down and prevents them from getting air enough to breathe. Commonly, but not exclusively, chokes are applied by sitting on the head or locking both arms behind the back. They can also be achieved by pulling the opponent's hair or putting pressure on the carotid artery at the neck. Armlock/brachial lock: Similar to an armlock, an arm-lock trap one arm behind the opponent's back.
Technical victory. A TKO is declared in most places when a fighter gets knocked down three times in one round. Other causes for a bout being called off include serious face lacerations and a fighter's failure to mount a meaningful defense after being knocked down.
A knockout is the single most important factor in determining the outcome of a fight. Without a doubt, you want to see your fighters go all the way until at least one person is knocked out of the match. This may mean waiting a few rounds or even months before declaring one fighter the winner.
Knockouts can happen in many different ways. A key element to remember about knockouts is that they usually involve some type of violence to the head or body of your fighter. This could be as simple as hitting against the fence or cage during a slugfest or throwing multiple high-speed punches.
If this type of violence occurs in a sanctioned fight, then the referee will immediately stop the contest and award the win to the injured fighter. In non-sanctioned matches or competitions, participants are typically given a warning by the judges or audience members prior to being disqualified from the event.
In conclusion, a knockout is when the victim suffers an injury that makes it impossible for him to continue fighting.
In a TKO, the referee has subjectively halted the fight because one of the fighters is unable to continue, either due to being down on his feet or because he has ceased fighting back or defending himself. This stoppage is performed to protect a defenseless fighter from additional damage. A TKO can also be awarded if the opponent fails to follow proper medical procedures after being injured in the ring.
A fighter can also win a TKO if he appears to be clearly defeated and cannot continue. In this case, the referee has no choice but to stop the fight to prevent further injury to the defeated fighter.
It is important for judges and referees to be aware that certain techniques may not cause significant injury, yet still be able to award a TKO if they believe the fighter is unable to continue. For example, it would be inappropriate to award a TKO due to cuts caused by boxing techniques used without intent to injure. However, if the victim's eye is nearly closed, he appears to be suffering from concussion, or he goes down easily, then he has been put out for purposes of the rule book and should be awarded a TKO.
Occasionally, a fighter will have an accident during a match and be unable to continue. If this occurs in an arena where sports betting is allowed, the winner will usually be awarded the bout via majority decision.