22 LR and is a far superior self-defense round. Speer, for example, manufactures self-defense equipment. Ballistic testing show that 22 Magnum loads perform well. For home defense, there are many options available for this caliber including ammunition, guns, and bullet vests.
The first thing you should know about 22 LR for home defense is that it's not your father's.22 rifle. It's called a "long range rifle" because it has a longer barrel than the typical target rifle and can thus be used to shoot farther targets. Long Range Rifle bullets are designed for use at long distances so they have thicker jackets and are heavier than traditional.22s.
In fact, most modern 22 LR ammo is sold in 100-round boxes which is more than enough to supply an average-size household with defensive ammunition for several months. The best option for home defense against intruders is a shotgun - pump or semi-automatic - but if you want to supplement this with a firearm, then a long range rifle is the way to go.
These weapons are not meant for hunting small game nor for shooting at close range (over 10 feet). They are designed for firing pellets at targets from 30 to 200 yards away.
This is the most effective rimfire approach for self-defense. It still retains the dependability concerns associated with rimfire ammunition, although it is a major improvement over 9 mm Luger performance.
It's also the only option for homeowners security because no other rimfire is available in the caliber required for domestic guns.
The best option for home defense would be a handgun in.38 Special or.357 Magnum. These rounds are easy to find and inexpensive. They're also accurate up to 100 yards and will stop an attacker. But they won't necessarily stop them immediately, so you'd also want to carry a firearm that can be used against multiple attackers.
There are several options for these weapons including the old standbys: 1911 and CZ 45. There are also some newer designs available such as the PM9 from Poland. And of course there are many more choices if you look hard enough!
For the price of one of these guns you could buy 10-12 rounds of.38 Magnum for use in self-defense and in criminal activities such as theft and robbery.
But if you look at the statistics we posted earlier you'll see that people are usually trying to steal your wallet, not your gun.
22s are easy to shoot and may give this hurt repeatedly. The majority of concealable weapons, regardless of caliber, do not result in involuntary surrender. While not the best option, a.22 is better than no pistol at all for self-defense.
That said, there are several issues with using a.22s for home defense. First, they are extremely small-caliber, meaning that you will most likely need multiple shots to kill an attacker. A single shot from such a weapon is unlikely to cause death by itself. Also, the bullet speed of.22s is very slow, which means that even if it does hit its target, it will most likely only injure them seriously or kill them later due to complications from their other injuries. Finally, the price of these weapons can be high, especially if you have to buy new ammunition every time you run out.
Thus, while a.22s are useful tools for self-defense, they are not the best choice if you want to protect yourself effectively. There are many other options available that are more effective and cheaper over the long term.
A 22 LR revolver may fire eight, nine, or 10 rounds. A.380 recoil is apparent, and the report is excruciatingly loud; a 22 is considerably quieter, and the "muzzle hop" hardly leaves the target—allowing for far faster second, third, and even fourth rounds, if necessary. Furthermore, if you practice with your.22, you'll soon become comfortable with its weight and size, which gives you more control over it. You can shoot it better and achieve greater accuracy.
Now let's compare the strength of these two guns in Newton meters (kg m^2): The.38 Special has an average mass of 44.6 N, while the.22 Long Rifle has an average mass of 8.4 N. This means that the.38 is 1.7 times as strong as the.22.
Another way to look at it: It takes about 1.7 times as much force to pull the trigger on the.38 than it does on the.22. This means that the.38 is using its energy more efficiently than the.22.