The Origins of Nordic Skiing This began around 5,000 years ago and has evolved significantly throughout the decades. Long single poles were utilized by the Finns in the early 1500s, and by the late Middle Ages, significant progress had been accomplished. By the 1800s, this means of transportation had evolved into a leisure pastime.
Nordic skiing is a very ancient sport that has many different names around the world: ski, nordic skiing, snow shoeing, etc. The first written reference to it was in 1477 by an Italian scholar who witnessed Finnish athletes at the Winter Games in Rome. They used a wooden pole for jumping and sliding on frozen lakes and rivers.
Our modern form of skiing originated in Switzerland in the mid-1800s. It was here that the two methods of turning were invented: the "toboggan" style turn for downhill racing, and the "flying" or "sliding" backstep for cross-country skiing. These techniques are still used today in similar forms of skiing worldwide.
Swiss skiers brought their new sport to Norway and Finland, where it became popular among the upper class for recreational purposes. In fact, most Norwegian and Finnish skiers have historical roots there! Today, Nordic skiing is practiced throughout the world by people of all ages and abilities.
Nordic skiing is often confused with alpine skiing, but they are different sports that date back hundreds of years apart.
The basic answer is that skiing has been around for a very long period, with evidence indicating that skiing dates back at least 7,000 years in Norway. One 5,000 B.C. carving depicts a skier with a single long pole. The Norwegian word for ski, "skid," shows this to be the original form of the sport.
Early records show that skiing was popular among the people of Switzerland, Germany, and France, but it was not until the 17th century that it became popular in the United States.
In America, early pioneers developed their own versions of the sport, such as Alpenjäger (alpine hunters) in the 18th century who used skis to chase down deer on Alpine mountainsides. In the 19th century, settlers built crude tracks in their backyards to slide on for fun. As time went on, the industry of skiing was born with merchants selling equipment and guides helping people find the best spots to ski. In the 1930s, skiing became an official sport at the Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York.
Since then, it has become one of the most popular sports in the world, with experts estimating that there are more than 100 million people involved in some form of skiing or snowboarding each year.
Cross-country skiing started approximately 5000 years ago in Scandinavia, but it was not brought to Canada until the 1890s. Most skiers in the early phases of the sport used a single pole and wore long (2.5 metres or 8 feet) wooden poles called ski sticks to protect their legs while crossing frozen lakes and rivers.
The first man-made tracks in Canada were built for tourists by Norwegian Karl Bølling in 1883. These marked out-of-the-way places where riders could slide on ice surfaces formed during freezing temperatures.
Canada's first cross-country ski race was held near Montreal in 1896. It was won by a Norwegian named Peter Jensen who had come to Canada to find work.
Jensen went on to become one of Canada's earliest world-class athletes and in 1899 he became the first non-native person to be awarded the King's Medal for Skiing. He died in Norway at the age of 44 after being injured while training for an event that would have made him rich beyond his dreams.
After Jensen's death, cross-country skiing slowly disappeared from Canada until 1902 when George Akerlind, a Canadian engineer, invented the snow shoe. The snow shoe is a simple device used for walking on snow without sinking too far into it.
Cross-country skiing, also known as Nordic skiing, is the original and oldest form of the sport. Nordic skiing arose out of need in (you got it) Norway. It was used by Norwegians to traverse over snow-covered territory for hunting, wood collection, and social activities.
The term "nordic" comes from Norse mythology and means "of the north". It was originally applied to people or animals from northern Europe.
In modern times, Nordic skiing refers to the sports that use a skier's upper body movement while standing still on one ski and moving forward or turning around on two skis. In addition, Nordic skiing requires balance, coordination, and familiarity with the terms left and right.
The first cross-country ski races were held in Lillehammer, Norway, in 1887. These were mainly contests among men but women began competing a few years later. The modern Olympic Games include a winter sport event known as the NORDIC SLALOM which is similar to our word puzzle game. This event was introduced at the 1936 Winter Olympics in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.
Before Nordic skiing, people in northern countries used to skate on ice surfaces, which is why this sport is also called ice skating. Today, people still ice skate for exercise and fun, but they also do so as part of a team or competition.