You have five seconds to get the ball inbound. Call a timeout if you are unable to make an inbound pass. Otherwise, a turnover occurs. If you do not pass the ball inbound, then the opposing team gets a free shot at the basket.
In college basketball, there is no limit on how many times you can inbound the ball. However, most colleges use only two passes per game because they think it wears out the players too quickly.
In the NBA, once you inbound the ball, you have up to five seconds to pass before the clock starts again. If you don't, then you lose a turn. This means that you only have three turns per game instead of four as in college basketball. In addition, you cannot inbound the ball during timeouts or dead balls (see below).
Timeouts are used by coaches to communicate instructions to their teams and to stop play for injury situations. A timeout is defined as 10 consecutive seconds with no score activity. Once the timer has been activated, all players must clear the floor except for those who are assigned to stand guard at the top of the key. A coach can call a single timeout per half, or he can call multiple timeouts to adjust to his team's needs during the game.
The opposing team is not permitted to run out of bounds to obstruct the throw, but they may stand in front of the thrower and defend players attempting to catch the ball. An inbound play may also involve a third player and a pass.
If the pass is too wide, it will result in a turnover since it is out of bounds. To avoid impacting the basket, the inbounder passer must take the ball out on one side of the basket or the other, and must lead the receiver to "Elbow." Never send a pass to a receiver who is going away.
The inbounding player (s) can run the baseline in addition to passing. In any other scenario (foul, change of possession, timeout, etc.), the inbounding player can only pivot on one foot and cannot pass to another inbounding player. The five-second rule applies in both circumstances.
After specific situations—a player transfers the ball from out of bounds to a teammate on the court—the throw-in inbounds the ball.
After a violation, foul, ball out of bounds, or made basket, a team gets five seconds to toss the basketball inbounds. It is a violation and a turnover if it takes longer. A team gets 10 seconds to cross the half court line.
The clock starts when the ball is put into play by any means other than a free throw, such as when an opponent steals it or recovers it herself with no defender within 2 feet. If the stealer is able to get past her defender, then she has more time. If not, then the defending player has a chance to stop her before they both reach the half-court line.
If the stealer is still going when the ball is inbounded by the opposing team, then it is a live ball and they get another 5 seconds (or less) to shoot it.
If the stealer waits until the last second to pass the ball, that's called a delay of game and it costs them a double technical.
As soon as the ball is inbounded, the clock starts running again, even if the stealer is still going. If she stops before reaching the half-court line, then there is no time remaining on the clock. If she goes all the way to the hoop or beyond without being caught, then more time has been added to the clock.
The five-second rule A player may only hang on to the ball for 5 seconds on an inbound pass. If a player is tightly defended in the game, they must begin dribbling, passing the ball, or shooting within five seconds. When this rule is broken, the opposing team receives an inbound pass.
In college basketball, a player can stay on the court for up to 10 minutes if they do not shoot, throw, or dunk. If a player uses up their time, the clock will automatically be turned over to the other team, who will have a chance to play again before the end of the period. In the NBA, if a player does not take more than 10 minutes to play, the clock will automatically be turned over to the other team at the start of the second quarter.
In the NFL, players are allowed to remain in the game as long as they continue to participate. If a player sits on the bench too long, or if it appears that they may be unable to get back into the game, a replacement player will be brought in.
In baseball, a player can remain in the game as long as they are not removed for a defensive substitution or intentionally left in order to face a worse opponent's pitcher. If a player reaches this point and continues to play, they are said to have "altered his mind". The manager will then seek out a coach's challenge if he believes that the player is not able to continue.
Throw-in violation of five seconds. A team attempting to toss a ball in-bounds has five seconds to discharge the ball towards the court under all basketball rule sets. This includes the NBA. If the ball is not tossed in time, then the opposing team gets a free shot at an open jumper.
The ball needs to be thrown in by the closest player to the basket, unless this would put them out of bounds, in which case any player can throw in.
In college basketball, a player with the ball may choose to toss it back out if they feel like they have enough time before the defense gets set. In the NFL, they are forced to go up for the ball if it isn't released within five seconds.
In the NBA, once the clock hits zero, that's when the play is over and everyone on both teams has 5 seconds to get back onto their feet before the shooter takes his spot behind the line to shoot. If anyone is still down on the floor after the timer stops, then they have been given another chance to enter the game.
Only certain players are allowed to throw in a basketball.
Five minutes Throw-in violation of five seconds A team attempting to toss a ball in-bounds has five seconds to discharge the ball towards the court under all basketball rule sets. The opposing team must remain in their defensive position during this time period or they will be charged with a timeout.
There is no limit to how far you can throw the ball out of bounds, but the ball cannot touch the ground behind the 3-point line.
If a player throws the ball out of bounds while off the floor, it is called a "missed throw-in". The player with the ball loses possession and the other team gets a free throw.
A miss-thrown ball-out of bounds can also be returned by the defending team if they are within 20 feet of the basket. They can either shoot or pass the ball. If they choose to shoot, they get two free throws. If they want to pass, the opposing team can take advantage of the open shot.
In college basketball, officials generally allow students in the audience to throw in balls during stoppages in play. These balls are marked with colors corresponding to the teams' uniforms so that fans can keep track of them without needing to use a timer.