Extra-point kicks are now taken 33 yards from the goal posts, according to new NFL regulations implemented this season (which is 15 yards away from the goal line). Prior to this change, they were taken 20 yards. The extra point has remained at the same distance as its predecessor, the placekicker's point after.
The point after is an attempt by the kicking team to increase their score after a touchdown. It is executed by advancing the ball into the end zone in order to kick off from the 1 yard line or closer. The point after was introduced in the American Football League in 1968 and has been used by every franchise ever since. Its success can be seen by the fact that it is still used by most professional football teams today.
There are two types of points after: one when you have a chance to win the game, such as with 4 seconds left on the clock; the other when you are behind by multiple scores, for example 3 points down. In both cases, the kicker needs to be close enough to the ball so that he doesn't have to travel too far if he misses the attempt. He also needs to be able to reach the end zone without being touched by any opposing players.
The point after is designed to give your offense another opportunity at scoring.
2 yards The extra point, or PAT, is the process of setting up to try a one-point field goal from the opponent's 2 yard line immediately following a score in American football. If the kick clears the uprights, the team receives one point. If it does not, then play continues for another down.
The two-yard penalty for unsportsmanlike conduct was created by then-NFL commissioner Bert Bell in 1956 after numerous incidents where players had been called for taunting on kicks from behind the end zone. Before that time, any player who had been on the field when his team scored would run into the end zone and celebrate with teammates or show some form of emotion. That behavior wasn't tolerated by officials who felt it took away from the gravity of the moment; indeed, several players were ejected for such actions. By adding a 2-yard penalty, the NFL hoped to encourage more dignified behavior from its players.
In addition to the 2-yard penalty, if the kicking team chooses they are also entitled to 10 additional yards via the fair catch rule. This means that if the ball is caught out of bounds before it hits the ground, the receiving team can elect to avoid the penalty by having a fair catch signal. If they do not take advantage of this option, then the ball becomes dead at the spot of the foul and must be returned.
Bonus point The extra point, or PAT, is the process of setting up to try a one-point field goal from the opponent's 2 yard line immediately following a score in American football. If it does not, then the opposing team gets another chance with a free kick from near the location of the original attempt.
The term "PAT" came about because that is exactly what happens after making a touchdown: You get another chance at the two-point conversion. It is scored when the quarterback hands the ball off to the running back who has daylight ahead of him. If he reaches the end zone, then they have won by one point. Otherwise, the game continues like this until someone scores. When this happens, everyone goes crazy and runs downfield looking for more players to join in on the celebration.
The reason you would want to do this is if you believe you can go for two points and make them, then why not? I suppose you could also run around aimlessly looking for open spaces on the field where you might be able to run with the ball. But usually, there is a reason why you are given the opportunity to go for two points instead of just kicking an extra point.