According to the FA's participation tracker, 2.6 million women reported playing football in June 2019--the most ever recorded. The significant growth has been attributed to the build up and aftermath of the 2014 World Cup in Brazil where more women were involved in the game than ever before.
There are currently about 1.5 million girls' players and 1.9 million women's players across the world. Women make up 5% of professional footballers. In America, there are about 100,000 female players with almost all of them being amateur. In Europe, there are about 3 million female players with most being amateur. There are more men than women in Australia at around 6 to 1 while there are about 1 million women and 7 million people overall in New Zealand.
The number of women playing soccer has increased dramatically over the past decade. According to data from the United States Soccer Federation, there were about 100,000 women's players in the country in 2001. This number had grown to about 110,000 by 2006 and then to nearly 150,000 by 2011. There were also about 50,000 girls playing soccer in 2001 who have now grown into women's leagues where adult women can play on equal terms with men.
In 2007, the number of women playing soccer in Britain was estimated to be between 3 and 4 million.
In truth, the majority of female football players must pay out of pocket for the option to sacrifice themselves for the sport. Women's full-contact professional football leagues are gaining popularity and legitimacy. The Women's Football Alliance, one of the two major leagues, has 68 clubs who aim to compete in 2019. The other major league, the Women's National Football League, had only 42 teams as of 2017.
The first official women's pro football game was played in 1975 when the Washington Redskins hosted the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. The game ended in a 10-10 tie.
However, it wasn't until five years later that the first woman was allowed to play on a men's professional football field. The NFL allowed Ruth White to play against the New York Giants because she was a pioneer and fought for her right to play. She received $7,500 for her effort.
Since then, several more women have been allowed to play in men's pro football games under various circumstances. In 1984, Nancy Lieberman played in a college all-star game after graduating from Stanford University. In 1986, Karen Smith played in a preseason NFL game where the Denver Broncos took on the Miami Dolphins. And in 1990, Lisa Olson played in a Canadian college football game where she started at quarterback for the McGill Martlets against the Iowa Barnstormers.
According to CBS News correspondent Jan Crawford, the NFL is assisting these women in pursuing a career in the sport they like. Fifty women were chosen from hundreds of applications to compete for a job in a profession historically dominated by males.
In truth, the majority of female football players must pay out of pocket for the option to sacrifice themselves for the sport. Women's full-contact professional football leagues are gaining popularity and legitimacy. The Women's Football Alliance, one of the two major leagues, has 68 clubs who aim to compete in 2019.
For example, high school football participation fell for the fourth consecutive year to 1.07 million in 2017, a fall of 20,893 from the previous year. In addition, during the last five years, participation in tackle football among children ages 6 to 12 has dropped by 17.4 percent to just under one million. There were about 1.21 million kids who played tackle football in 2007.
Now, it is important to note that youth tackle football has been on the decline for several years and these numbers are likely underestimates. More than half of all states do not require youth football teams to report statistics so there is no way to know how many young people are playing tackle football or how many injuries there are on the fields every year.
In conclusion, youth tackle football is on the decline and this number will continue to drop if we don't do something about the injuries that occur on the field of play.
Female involvement remained the game's fastest growing demographic, with a 29 percent rise over 2017 data. Since 2015, the number of female rugby league players has more than doubled. The increase can be attributed to the growth of women's teams across the country.
There are now almost 5,000 females involved in the sport, with participation levels rising in all age groups except for 16-to-24-year-olds and those over 40 years old.
Almost 1 in 5 girls who play soccer in England chooses to do so as a team sport. Although less than 1 percent of students at UK universities play rugby union, around 10 percent of students at UK colleges play rugby league. The increase in college rugby league is expected to continue to grow.
In addition to increasing numbers of female players, young people are also staying in the game longer. In 2017, there were nearly 6,000 under-18s playing across Britain, with more than one in five (22%) based in London. This is higher than any other age group apart from seniors (over-35s).
The number of children playing rugby league has increased by nearly 20 percent since 2013, while adult participation has risen by about 10 percent.