Two technical fouls were called. Any player, coach, trainer, or other team bench member may be penalized a maximum of two technical fouls for unsportsmanlike behavior. Any of these offenders may be expelled for doing only one unsportsmanlike act, and they must be ejected if they commit two. A third technical is assessed at the discretion of the referee.
The NBA has several suspensions on its record: $25,000 for a first offense, $50,000 for a second offense, and $100,000 for a third offense. A player who receives three technicals in one game will be suspended for the next game.
A technical foul can be either automatic or voluntary. In an automatic technical, the fouler is sent to the free-throw line for two free throws. An automatic technical is given for various offenses including but not limited to: throwing arms, flagrant fouls, charging the floor, grabbing any part of his opponent's body above the waist, hitting the head with open hands or a forearm, and offensive fouls that occur within five seconds after the previous legal play has been attempted. If an automatic technical is assessed against a player, the opposing team gets a free throw and the player does not go to the free-throw line for this incident. If a voluntary technical foul is assessed against a player, he goes to the free-throw line but does not have to shoot any shots.
According to the NBA rule book, a player is only permitted one technical foul throughout a game. If the player receives another technical foul, he will be expelled from the game and will be forced to leave the court because he now has two technical fouls. However, some referees may allow a second technical if it appears that the first technical was not clear sailing.
The most technical fouls ever received by an individual player in a single game is 21, by Larry Nance Jr. of the Los Angeles Lakers against the New York Knicks on January 4, 2019. The record is held by Darrin Hancock of the Detroit Pistons who received 20 during a 1989 game vs. the Chicago Bulls.
Hancock's team was leading 44-42 with less than 5 minutes left in the fourth quarter when tensions began to rise. A fight broke out on the floor between Michael Jordan and Walter Davis, and after they were separated, officials called a technical on Jordan for "taunting". As players from both teams rushed to the bench to protest the call, several more fights started to break out, leaving seven players on the floor. After 10 minutes had passed without any further calls, officials blew the whistle and sent everyone back into the game. At this point, the score was 48-44 Chicago, so it would have been within reason for the referee to allow another technical foul since there was still over five minutes left in the game.
However, if a rule is breached without any physical contact between two players, a technical foul is called, which is worth three fouls. If a player has 6 personal fouls, they are dismissed from the game and fined $1000 or more. If a team has 8 personal fouls, they too are disqualified, even if there are still games left in the period.
In men's college basketball, a player is considered to have committed his "first foul" at the end of the first quarter, his "second foul" at the end of the second quarter, and so on. If a player commits a number of fouls in a single quarter, then he will be awarded with multiple free throws during that time out sequence. For example, if a player gets three fouls in the first quarter, he will receive all nine free throw opportunities during that period. If a player gets four fouls in the first half, he will receive all 12 free throw opportunities during that time frame.
In men's professional basketball, a player is awarded one free throw for each foul he commits until he reaches five fouls, at which point he becomes a temporary replacement player. If a player gets six fouls, he will not be removed from the game; instead, he will be awarded three more free throws.
Technical fouls can be issued to both coaches and players. In high school, a technical foul results in two free throws and the ball for the opposing team. A player or coach will also be expelled if they incur two technical fouls during a game. At the college level, the penalty for receiving two technicals is only a shot clock violation.
The distribution of technical foul shots is fairly consistent from one level of basketball to the next. Typically, the referee calls a routine foul on the opposing team, and then may call a second foul if he believes it is necessary to maintain order. The official usually shoots the free throw himself; however, he may choose to have one of his assistants shoot the two free throws instead. In general, foreign referees tend to call more technicals than American referees. They often have no idea how to control a game and so need to keep things interesting by calling lots of fouls.
In the NBA, guards are likely to receive technicals more frequently than other players. This is because they are generally involved in more physical play and so need to be taken out of the action for a few moments. For example, here is how many times each position has been awarded a technical foul this season: 0-for-5 starters 1-for-7 role players 2-for-3 backups.